The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
 


 

 

 

 

Family Galeodidae
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family RhagodidaeFamily Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

 

 


 


 

Chanbria regalis Muma 1951

Chanbria regalis Muma, 1951: 95 (figs 178-181), 96, 98; Muma, 1962: 26 (figs 38-40), 28-29, ; Muma, 1970a: 36-37 ; Muma, 1976: 20; Muma, 1985: fig. 9; Muma and Muma, 1988: 25; Wheeler, 1997: 89; Wheeler and Hyashi, 1998: 179; Giribet, Edgecombe, Wheeler and Babbitt, 2002: 14; Brookhart and Brookhart, 2006: 315.

HOLOTYPE: United States. California: San Bernardino County - Twentynine Palms,  July 1 to 15, 1945 (Jefferson H. Branch), adult male.  Paratype (male) - same data.  Deposited in the American Museum of Natural History. 

Original description
Muma, 1951: 95 (figs 178-181), 96, 98:

MALES: Total length, 25.5 to 26.0 mm.

                            LENGTH         WIDTH
Chelicerae         6.6- 6.6 mm.    2.2-2.3 mm.
Propeltidium   3.2- 3.4              4.4-4.4
Palpi                  18.5-18.5
1st legs              15.0-15.0
4th legs              34.0-35.0

Holotype, smaller measurements.
Paratype, larger measurements.

        Coloration in alcohol white to light yellow, with dusky markings as follows: eye tubercle dark, apical end of femur of palpus with dark margin, apical end of femur of fourth leg dusky. Malleoli white. 
       Dentition of chelicerae as shown in figures 178 to 180.  Movable finger strongly curved, with moderate-sized principal and anterior teeth and two distinct intermediate teeth.  Fixed finger strongly bent dorsally at base, curved mesally at tip, and bearing several aborted teeth.  Holotype with a tiny supernumerary fondal tooth between I and II on mesal row.  Fourth fondal teeth barely distinguishable from dentate socket margin of movable finger.  Fondal notch obscure
.
     
Fixed finger without mesal groove.  Flagellum complex composed almost entirely of plumose setae which increase in size and flatness towards the end of the finger.   Mesal setae of movable finger both plumose and simple.
       Eye tubercle situated on anterior margin of propeltidium. Eyes about one diameter apart.  Propeltidium wider than long by a ratio of 1 to 1.3.
       Metatarsus and tarsus of palpus entirely covered with numerous weak cylinder bristles.  Metatarsus provided with a scopula of 70 to 150 papillae which extends from the base of the segment for about three-fourths of its length on the mesoventral surface. Metatarsus four times the length of the tarsus.
       First post-spiracular abdominal sternite not provided with ctenidia on its posterior margin.

Muma (1962) designated a female from Palm Springs, Riverside County, California, as the allotype, and presented the following description:

Muma, 1962: 26 (figs 38-40), 28-29:

FEMALE ALLOTYPE: Total length, 27.0 mm.

                            LENGTH         WIDTH
Chelicerae        7.4 mm.             2.5 mm.
Propeltidium   3.2                      4.7
Palpi                  25.0
First legs           16.5
Fourth legs       31.5

        Color in alcohol almost identical with that of male, only divergence on palpus where apical ends of femora and tibia and all of metatarsi and tarsi are dusky. 
        Dentition of chelicerae as shown in figures 38 and 39. Movable finger with principal tooth moderately large, anterior tooth slightly smaller than principal tooth, two intermediate teeth alternating with indistinct denticules, an irregular serration in front of anterior tooth, and no distinct mesial tooth. Fixed finger with principal and medial teeth subequal, anterior tooth slightly smaller than principal tooth, three intermediate teeth between principal and medial teeth, three between medial and anterior teeth, and an uneven serration in front of anterior tooth. Fondal teeth same as in male except tooth 1 in the ectal row missing.
        Structure similar to that of male. Metatarsus of palpus without scopula but with some of cylinder bristles three to four times length of majority.  First post-spiracular abdominal segment lacking distinct or trace ctenidia.
        Opercula of genital segment as shown in figure 40.

DATA:  California: Riverside County - Palm Springs, July 19, 1950 (Paul D. Hurd), 1 female.  Deposited in the American Museum of Natural History.



 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
   
 



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