Bibliography Arranged by Author
 
 
The Arachnid Order Solifugae

IntroductionPhylogeny/TaxonomyBiogeography/EndemismBiology/EcologyCollections/ResearchBibliographyGlossaryLinks


BIBLIOGRAPHY

Bibliography by Author
Bibliography by Year
Bibliography by Journal
Downloadable Bibliography

 

Bibliography Arranged by Author

I.  SOLIFUGAE:  BIBLIOGRAPHY ARRANGED BY AUTHOR

To locate a copy of  any of the books or journals listed below, you may wish to utilize the search engines of the libraries listed in the following websites: 
http://www.lib.washington.edu/sla/natlib.html
http://library.usask.ca:9003/catalogs/world.html

If you can suggest other on-line library catalogs to add to the above list, please do so.  As always, additions and emendations to the bibliography are also welcome.    Simply e-mail them to me at: wsavary@yahoo.com


Abendroth, E. R. 1868. Über Morphologie und Verwandtschaftsverhältnisse der Arachniden. 64 pp.
Translated title: On morphology and relationship-circumstances of the arachnids.
Author: Ernst Robert Abendroth
Published: Leipzig, 1868.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL459.A24

Adis, J. and Harvey, M.S. 2000. How many Arachnida and Myriapoda are there world-wide and in Amazonia? Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 35: 129-141.

Alberti, G. 1979. Licht- und electronenmikroskopishe untersuchungen an coxaldrüsen von walzenspinnen (Arachnida, Solifugae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 203 (1/2): 48-64.
Translated title: Light - and electron microscope examinations of coxal glands from 'walzenspinnen' (Arachnida, Solifugae).

Alberti, G. 1980. Zur feinstruktur des hodenpithels und der spermien von Eusimonia mirabilis Roewer 1934 (Solifugae, Arachnida). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 204 (5/6): 345-352.
Translated title: On the fine-structure of the testes and the sperm of Eusimonia mirabilis.

Alberti, G. 2000. Chelicerata. In: Jamieson, B.G.M. (ed.), Progress in male gamete ultrastructure and phylogeny, In: Adiyodi, K.G. and Adiyodi, R.G. (eds), Reproductive biology of invertebrates, vol. 9(B): 311-388. Oxford and IBH: New Delhi and Calcutta.

Alberti, G. and Peretti, A. V. 2002. Fine structure of male genital system and sperm in Solifugae does not support a sister-group relationship with pseudoscorpiones (Arachnida). The Journal of Arachnology 30: 268-274.Adobe PDF icon

wAlexander, A.J. and Ewer, D.W. 1957. On the origin of mating behavior in spiders. American Naturalist 91: 311-317.

Aliev, Sh.I., 1978. Materialy k izucheniyu Galeodes araneoides (Solifugae, Galeodidae) v Azerbaidzhane [Materials to study of Galeodes araneoides (Solifugae, Galeodidae) in Azerbaidzhan]. In: Materialy II nauchnoi sessii entomologov Azerbaidzhana (oktyabr' 1978 g.). Elm, Baku: 19 [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I., 1981. Materialy k izucheniyu sol'pug Vostochnogo Zakavkaziya [Materials to study of solpugids in Eastern Transcaucasia]. In: Problemy pochvennoi zoologii. Tezisy dokladov VII Vsesoyuznogo soveshchaniya. Kiev: 10-11 [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I., 1983. Okhrana sol'pug [Protection of solpugids]. In: Kalendar' sel'skogo truzhennika. Baku: 106-107 [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I., 1984a. Sol'pugi (Arachnida: Solifugae) Azerbaidzhana [Sopugids (Arachnida: Solifugae) of Azerbaidzhan]. Avtoreferat dissertatsii na soiskanie uchennoi stepeni kandidata biologicheskikh nauk [Autoreferate of the Thesis of Candidate (Ph.D.) of Biological Sciences Degree]. Kiev. 24 p. [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I., 1984b. Razmnozhenie i razvitie Galeodes araneoides Pallas (Solifugae, Galeodidae) v Azerbaidzhane [Reproduction and development of Galeodes araneoides Pallas (Solifugae, Galeodidae) in Azerbaidzhan]. In: IX s'ezd Vsesoyuznogo entomologicheskogo obshchestva, Tezisy dokladov (Kiev, oktyabr' 1984 g.), Part 1. Kiev: 22 [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I., 1985. Novyi vid sol'pug semeistva Galeodidae (Solifugae) iz Azerbaidzhana [A new solpugid species of the family Galeodidae (Solifugae) from Azerbaidzhan]. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, Vol. 64, No. 7, Moscow: 1100-1102 [in Russian].

Aliev, Sh.I. & Gadzhiev, A.T., 1977. Bovlar [Solpugids]. Elm ve khayat, No. 6, Baku: 29-30 [in Azerbaijanian].

Aliev, Sh.I. & Gadzhiev, A.T., 1982. Bovlar [Solpugids]. Elm ve khayat, No. 8, Baku: 18-19 [in Azerbaijanian].

Aliev, Sh.I. & Gadzhiev, A.T., 1983. Sol'pugi (Arachnida, Solifugae) Azerbaidzhana [Solpugids (Arachnida, Solifugae) of Azerbaidzhan]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Azerbaidzhanskoi SSR, Ser. Biologicheskaya, No. 4, Baku: 43-46 [in Russian].

Allred, D.M. 1972. Notes on Nevada solpugids. Great Basin Naturalist 32(2): 120.

Allred, D. M. 1975. Arachnids as ecological indicators. Great Basin Naturalist, 35(4): 405, 406.

Allred, D. M., and M. H. Muma. 1971. Solpugids of the National Reactor Testing Station, Idaho. Great Basin Naturalist, 31: 164-168.

Alpheraki, S., 1801. Kul'dzha i Tyan'-Shan'. Putevye zametki [Kuldzha and Tien-Shan. Trip notes]. Zapiski Imperatorskago Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva po Obshchei Geografii, Vol. 23, No. 2, St.-Petersburg: I-II, 1-192 [in Russian].

Alroth, G. 1992. Solifugae - den bortglömda djurgruppen. [Solifugae - the forgotten animal group.]. Entomologisk Tidskrift 113(1-2): 44-46. (in Swedish)

Amitai, P., Levy, and A. Shulov.  1962. Observations on mating in a solifugid Galeodes sulfuripes Roewer. Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel, Section B, Zoology 11: 156-159.

Anderson, D.T. 1973. 'Embryology and phylogeny in annelids and arthropods'. (Pergamon Press: Oxford.)

Anderson, D.T. 1998. The chelicerata. p. 319-342. In Anderson, D. T. (ed.), Invertebrate Zoology, Second Edition, Oxford University Press: Melbourne, 488 p.

André, M. 1949. Nouvelle forme larvaire de thrombidion (Isothrombium oparbellae (n. g., n. sp.) parasite d'un solifuge. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Series 2, 21: 354-357.
Translated title: New larval form of thrombidiid (Isothrombium oparbellae (n. g., n. sp.) parasitic on a solifuge. [= Dinothrombium oparbellae (Andre 1949)]

Anonymous 1976. Sharourah's contribution to entomology: camel spiders. Journal of the Saudi Arabian Natural History Society 17: 13.

Arldt, T. 1908. Die Ausbreitung einiger Arachnidenordnungen (Mygalomorphen, Skorpione, Pedipalpen, Solipugen, Palpigraden). Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 74: 389-458.
Translated title: The distribution of some arachnid orders (mygalomorphs, scorpions, pedipalpi, solpugids, palpigrades).

Armas, L.F. de 1992. Scorpiones y solpugida (Arachnida) de la Reserva de la Biosfera de Sian Ka'an, Quintana Roo. In Navarro, L. D. & E.S. Morales (eds.), Diversidad boilógica en la reserva de la biosfera de Sian Ka'an, Quintana Roo, Chetumal, México: Centro de Investigaciones de Quintana Roo, México, 2: 129-137.

Armas, L.F. de 1993. Aracnidos de Nicaragua. 4. Nuevos solpugidos (Solpugida: Ammotrechidae). Revista Nicaragüense de Entomologia 26: 39-56. Adobe PDF icon

Armas, L.F. de 1994. Descriptión de un género y una especie nuevos de Ammotrechidae (Arachnida: Solpugida) de República Dominicana. Avicennia 1: 1-5.

Armas, L.F. de 1995a. Diversidad taxonómica de los arácnidos cubanos. Cocuyo 3: 10-11.

Armas, L.F. de 1995b. Breve crónica de una expedición aracnológica a Nicaragua. Cocuyo 4: 2-3.

Armas, L.F. de 1995c. Presencia del genero Ammotrechesta (Soplugida: Ammotrechidae) en Mexico. AvaCient 14: 21-25.

Armas, L.F. de 1996. Sistemática del orden Solpugida (Arachnida) en Centroamérica. Situación actual y perspectivas. Revista Nicaragüense de Entomologia 36: 29-36.Adobe PDF icon

Armas, L.F. de 2000. Amblypygi, Schizomida, Scorpiones y Solpugida. In : Vázquez, M.M. (ed.), Fauna edáfica de las selvas tropicales Quintana Roo : 55-72. Universidad de Quintana Roo: Chetumal, México.

Armas, L.F. de 2002. Nueva especie de Antillotrecha Armas, 1994 (Solifugae: Ammotrechidae) de Sombrero, Antillas Menores. [A new species of Antillotrecha Armas, 1994 (Solifugae: Ammotrechidae) from Sombrero Island, Lesser Antilles.] Revista Ibérica de Aracnologia 6: 177-179. Adobe PDF icon

Armas, L. F. de. 2004. Arácnidos de República Dominicana. I. Palpigradi, Schizomida, Solifugae, Thelyphonida (Arthropoda: Arachnida). Revista Ibérica de Aracnologia, vol. especial monográfico 2: 1-64. Adobe PDF icon

Armas, L.F. de and Alayón García, G. 1984. Sinopsis de los arácnidos cavernícolas de Cuba (excepto ácaros). Poeyana 276: 1-25. only 8-9 pp.

Armas, L.F. de and Alegre, A. 2001. Especie nueva de Ammotrechella (Solifugae: Ammotrechidae) de La Española, Antillas Mayores. [A new species of Ammotrechella (Solifugae : Ammotrechidae) of Hispaniola, Greater Antillas]. Solenodon 1 : 5-7.

Armas, L.F. de and Maes, J.-M. 1996. Aracnidos de Nicaragua. 6. Adiciones al orden Solpugida. Revista Nicaraguense de Entomologia 36: 11-20. Adobe PDF icon

Armas, L.F. de and Teruel, R.O.  2005. Los solífugos de Cuba (Arachnida: Solifugae). Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 37: 149-163.

Armas, L.F. de and Viquez, C. 2002.  Primer registro del género Innesa (Solifugae: Ammotrechidae) para Costa Rica. [First record of the genus Innesa (Solifugae : Ammotrechidae) for Costa Rica]. Revista de Biologia Tropical 49(3-4): 1284-1285.

Arnold, K. 19??. Solifugae aus der Mongolei. Faunistische Abhandlungen, Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden ?: ?-?

Aruchami, M. and Sundara Rajulu, G. 1978. An investigation on the poison glands and the nature of the venom of Rhagodes nigrocinctus (Solifugae: Arachnida). National Academy Science Letters, Allahabad 1: 191-192

Audouin, V. 1809. Explication sommaire des planches arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. Pp. 99-186 in Book 08 (1809), Volume I - Histoire Naturelle  in 'Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été Faites en Égypte Pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française. 1st edition.

Audouin, V. 1827. Explication sommaire des planches arachnides de l'Égypte et de la Syrie. pp, 291-430 in Volume 22 in 'Description de l'Égypte ou Recueil des Observations et des Recherches qui ont été Faites en Égypte Pendant l'Expédition de l'Armée Française. 2nd edition (C.L.F. Panckoucke: Paris.)

Babu, K. 1965. Anatomy of the central nervous system of arachnids. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Anatomie und Ontogenie 82(1): 1-154.

Baccetti, B. and Lazzeroni, G. 1970. The envelops of the nervous system of Chelicerata. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris (2) 41 (supplément 1): 60.

Badcock, H.D. 1932. Arachnida from the Paraguayan Chaco. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 38: 1-48.

Baehr, B. and Baehr, M. 1987. 'Welche Spinne ist das?'. (Kosmos: Stuttgart.)

Baehr, B. and Baehr, M. 2002. ''Welche Spinne ist das?' [Second Edition]. (Kosmos: Stuttgart.)

Baert, L., Maelfait, J.-P., and Desender, K. 1995. Distribution of the arachnid species of the orders Scorpiones, Solifugae, Amblypygi, Schizomida, Opiliones and Pseudoscorpiones in Galápagos. Bulletin de l'Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Entomologie 65: 5-19.

Banks, N. 1895. The Arachnida of Colorado. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 8: 417-434.

Banks, N. 1898. Arachnida from Baja California and other parts of Mexico.  Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Series 3 (Zoology), 1: 205-309.

Banks, N. 1899. A new solpugid from California.  Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 4: 314, 315.

wBanks, N. 1900. Synopses of North American invertebrates. IX. The scorpions, solpugids, and pedipalpi. The American Naturalist, 34: 421-427.

Banks, N. 1901a. Some Arachnida from New Mexico. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 53: 568-597.

Banks, N. 1901b. Some spiders and other Arachnida from southern Arizona. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 23(1223): 581-590.

Banks, N. 1902a. A list of spiders collected in Arizona by Messrs. Schwarz and Barber during the summer of 1901. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 25(1284): 211-221.

Banks, N. 1902b. Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos expedition 1898-1899. VII. Entomological Results. 6. Arachnida. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences, 4: 49-70, 82-86.

Banks, N. 1903. A new genus of Solpugida. Entomological News, 14 (3): 78-79.

Banks, N. 1904a. Some Arachnida from California. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, Zoology (3)3(13: 331-377.

Banks, N. 1904b. The Arachnida of Florida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 56: 120-147.

Banks, N. 1909a. Arachnida of Cuba. In Second Report of the Central Experimental Station of the Republic of Cuba, Vol. 45. F. 1-9.  Estación Central Agronómica de Cuba 2: 150-174.

Banks, N. 1909b. Arachnida from Costa Rica. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 61: 194-234. Tables 5-6.

Banks, N. 1914. Notes on some Costa Rican Arachnida. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 65: 676-687.

Banks, N. 1924. Arachnida of the Williams Galapagos expedition. Zoologica 5 (9): 93-99.

Banks, N. 1931. The Norwegian Zoological Expedition to the Galapagos Islands 1925, conducted by Alf Wollebaek. I. Arachnida. Middelelser Fra Det Zoologiske Museum, Oslo 22: 271-278, Pl. I, II.

Banks, N., Newport, N.M. et al. 1932. Oklahoma spiders. Publications of the University of Oklahoma Biological Survey 4: 3-49.

Banta, B. H., and Marer, P. J. 1972. An attack by a solpugid on an iguanid lizard hatchling. British Journal of Herpetology, 4: 266-267.

Barnes, R.D. 1968. Invertebrate Zoology. Second edition. W.B. Saunders Company: Philadelphia, London, Toronto. X, 743 p. I-X, 1-4, 379-426, 698-709.

Barnes, R.D. 1980. Invertebrate Zoology. Fourth edition. Saunders College: Philadelphia. XV, 1089 p. I-XV, 1-11, 612-614.

Barnes, R.D. 1987. Invertebrate Zoology. Fifth edition. Saunders College Publishing: Philadelphia. IX, 893 p.

Barnes, R.S.K., Calow, P. and Olive, P.J.W.  1988. The invertebrates. A new synthesis. Blackwell Scientific Publications: Oxford, London, Edinburgh, Boston, Melbourne. VIII, 582 p. I-VIII, 1, 226-234

Barrientos, J.A., 1986.  3. Els Euartropodes primitius. 4. Els Aracnids (1. Introduccio al coneixement dels aracnids.; 4. Els Solifugs. 5. Els Palpigrads). En : Historia Natural dels Paisos Catalans, 9 Artropodes I. Enciclopedia Catalana. BARCELONA : 73-111, 129-138. Arachn.

Barrows, W.M. 1925. Modification and development of the arachnid palpal claw, with especial reference to spiders. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 18(4): 483-516.

Barth, F. G., editor. 1985. Neurobiology of Arachnids. 385 pp.
Editor: Friedrich G. Barth (1940 - )
Published: Berlin and New York: Springer-Verlag,1985

Call No.: QL459.2 .N48
ISBN/ISSN: 3540153039 0387153039

Barth, F. G. and Stagl, J. 1976. The slit sense organs of arachnids: a comparative study of their topography on the walking legs (Chelicerata, Arachnida). Zoomorphologie, 86: 1-23.

wBauchhenss, E. 1983. Morphology and ultrastructure of sensilla ampullacea in Solifugae (Chelicerata, Arachnida). International Journal of Insect Morphology and Embryology, 12 (2-3): 129-138.

Bayram, A., T. Danisman, F. Yesilyurt, I. Corak, M. Unal 2005 A Study on Araneo-Fauna of Kırıkkale Province (Arthropoda: Arachnida).  Ekoloji 14 (56): 1-8. [In Turkish].

Bayless, M.K. 2001. Solpugids: better than science function. Reptile & Amphibian Hobbyist 6(11): 60-64.

Bell, J. 1763. 'Voyage de Russie'. Vol. 3. (?: ?)

Benoit, P.L.G. 1960. Les Solifuges du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 62(3-4): 277-288.

wBenoit, P.L.G. 1964. Contribution a l'étude des Solifuges du Soudan. Annals of the Natal Museum, 16: 91-98.
Translated title: Contribution to the studies of the solifuges of Sudan.

Benoit, P.L.G. 1965. Un Solifuge nouveau (Ceromidae) de l'Ile Lului, Lac Victoria. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 72: 334-336.

Berland, L. 1932. Les Arachnides. 1-43. In Encyclopédie Entomologique, Seria A, Vol. XVI: 1-485 (Paul Lechavalier & Fils: Paris.)

Berland, L. 1955. Les Arachnides de l'Afrique noire française. Initiations Africaines, Institut Français d'Afrique Noire 12: 1-130.

Bernard, H. M. 1892a. An endeavour to show that the tracheae of the Arthropoda arose from setiparous sacs.  Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 5: 511-524.

wBernard, H. M. 1892b. Are the Solpugidae poisonous?  Nature, 46: 223.

Bernard, H. M. 1893a. The head of Galeodes and the procephalic lobes of Arachnidian embryos.  r Zoologischer Anzeige16(426): 314-316.

Bernard, H. M. 1893b. Additional notes on the origin of tracheae from setiparous glands.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Ser. 6), 11: 24-28.

Bernard, H. M. 1893c. On the terminal organ of the pedipalp of Galeodes and the the discovery of an homologous organ on the pedipalp of Phyrnus.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 6), 11: 28-30.

wBernard, H. M. 1893d. The stigmata of Arachnida, as a clue to their ancestry. Nature, 49: 68,69.

Bernard, H. M. 1894a. On two new species of Rhax.  The Journal of the Linnean Society. Zoology, 24: 361-363. 1 Table.

Bernard, H. M. 1894b. The endosternite of Scorpio compared with the homologous structures in other Arachnida.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 6 (73), 13: 18-26.

Bernard, H. M. 1894c. Lateral eyes in the Galeodidae. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 6), 13: 517-520.

Bernard, H. M. 1895. Vestigial stigmata in Arachnida.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 6), 16: 145-251.

Bernard, H. M. 1896. The comparative morphology of the Galeodidae. Transactions of the Linnean Society. 2d Series. Zoology, 6: 305-417, Tables 27-34.

Bernard, H. M. 1897. Wind Scorpions - A brief account of the Galeodidae. Science Progress, New Series, 1: 317-343.

Beron, P. 2002. Scorpionida, Solpugida and acari (Arachnida) in Kresna Gorge [SW Bulgaria]. 63-67. In: Beron, P. (ed.) Bioraznoobrazie na Kresnanskiia Prolom [Biodiversity of Kresna Gorge]. National Museum of Natural History, Sofia: I-II, 1-349 (in Bulgarian).

Berteaux, L. 1891. Le poumon des Arachnides. Cellule 5: 255-317.

Berthoumieu 1904. Révision de l'entomologie dans l'antique. Revue Scientifique du Bourbonnais et du Centre de la France 1904: 167-200.

Bertkau, Ph. 1891. Über die Sinnesorgane in den Tastern und dem ersten Beinpaar der Solpugiden.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 15 (381): 10-13.
Translated title: On the sensory organs in the palps and the first leg-pair of solpugids.

Bertkau, Ph. 1892b. Nachträgliche Bemerkungen zu meiner Mitteilung über die Sinnesorgane in den Tastern und dem ersten Beinpaare der Solpugiden. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 15: 110, 111.
Translated title: Additional remarks to my communication on the sensory organs in the palps and the first leg-pair of the solpugids.

Berthoumieu. 1904. Révision de l'Entomologie dans l'Antiquité. Pp. 181-200 in: Revue scientifique du Bourbonnais et du centre de la France,1904.
Translated title: Review of the entomology of antiquity.
Note: Arachnids are treated in pp. 197-200.

Besch, W. 1969. South American Arachnida. In 'Biogeography and Ecology in South America'. (Fittkau, E. J., Illies, J., Klinge, H., Schwabe, G. H. and Sioli, H. Eds): 723-740 (Junk: The Hague.)

Bingham, C.T. 1900. Account of a remarkable swarming for breeding purposes of Sphex umbrosus Christ, with notes on the nests of two other species of Sphex and of certain of the Pompilidae. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 13: 177-180.

Birula [as Virula], L. 1890a. Zur Kenntnis der russischen Galeodiden. I-II.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 13: 204-209.
Translated title: Towards the knowledge of the Russian solpugids.

Birula, L. 1890b. Materialien zur Fauna der Solpugen Rußlands. Travaux de la Société Impériale des Naturalistes de St-Pétersbourg 21: 53-83. (in Russian)
Translated title: Materials on the solpugid fauna of Russia.

Birula, L. 1891. Einiges über den Mitteldarm der Galeodiden.  Biologisches Centralblatt, 11: 295-300.
Translated title: Some on the digestion of the solpugids.

Birula, A. A., 1892. Beiträge zur Kenntnis des anatomischen Baues der Geschlechtsorgane bei den Galeodiden. Biologisches Centralblatt, 12: 687.
Translated title: Contributions to the knowledge of the anatomical development of the sex-organs within the solpugids.

Birula, A. A. 1893. Zur Kenntnis der russischen Galeodiden. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae, 27: 82-90. 1 Table.
Translated title: Toward the knowledge of the Russian solifuges .

Birula, A. A. 1895a. Untersuchungen über den Bau der Geschlechtsorgane bei den Galeodiden. Horae Societatis Entomologicae Rossicae, 28: 289-326.
Translated title: Investigations concerning the construction of the sex-organs in the solifuges.

Birula, A. A. 1895b. Über die phagocytären Erscheinungen bei den Sexualprozessen von Galeodes. Trudy Sankt-Peterburgskago obshchestva estestvoispytateleæi, 24 (1):15-21. (in Russian)
Translated title: On the phagocytic phenomena in the presence of sexual processes in Galeodes.

Birula, A. A. 1903. [Sur un nouveau de Solifugae provenant de Perse.]. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, nouvelle serie 8: 36-37. (in Russian and Latin)   
Translated title: On a new genus of Solifugae coming from Persia

Birula, A. A. 1905a Bemerkungen über die Ordnung der Solifugen. I-V. Annuaire du Musâee Zoologique de Acadâemie des Sciences de St. Pâetersbourg, 9: 391-416.
Translated title: Remarks about the order Solifugae.

Birula, A. A. 1905b. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Solifugen-Fauna Persiens. Bulletin de l'Acadâemie impâeriale des sciences de St.-Pâetersbourg (5), 22: 247-286.
Translated title: Contributions to the knowledge of the solifugid fauna of Persia.

Birula, A. A. 1906a. Über die an den Küsten des Aral- und Balkasch-Sees von L. S. Berg gesammelten Skorpione und Solifugen. Izvëiìeståiëiìa Imperatorskago russkago geograficheskago obshchestva, 4 (7): 42-48, Table 5.  
Translated title: About the scorpions and solifuges collected at the coasts of the Aral and Balkan Seas by L. S. Berg.

Birula, A. A. 1906b. Neue Solifugen.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 30: 24-28.
Translated title: New solifuges.

Birula, A. A. 1907a. Neue Solifugen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31: 280-283.
Translated title: New solifuges.

Birula, A. A. 1907b. Zur Systematik der Solifugen gattung Gylippus.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 31: 885-893. 
Translated title: On the systematics of the solifugid genus Gylippus.

Birula, A. A. 1908a. Bemerkungen über die Ordnung der Solifugen. VI. Beschreibung der weiblichen GIuviopsis nigrocincta Bir. Annuaire du Musâee Zoologique de Acadâemie des Sciences de St. Pâetersbourg, 13: 332-335.  
Translated title: Remarks about the order of solifuges.

Birula, A. A. 1908b. Ergebnisse der mit subvention aus der Erbschaft Treitl unternommenen zoologischen Forschungsreise Dr. F. Werner's nach dem Agyptischen Sudan und Nord-Uganda. XIV. Scorpione und Solifugae. Sitzungsberichte der Bayerischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 117(2): 121-152.
Translated title: Results of Dr. F. Werner's zoological expedition to the Egyptian Sudan and northern Uganda undertaken with subsidy from the Treitl inheritance. XIV. Scorpions and Solifugae.

Birula, A. A. 1910. Scorpione und Solifugen von Tripolis und Barka. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung fèur Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 28: 505-522.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifugids from Tripoli and Barka.

Birula, A. A. 1911. Arachnologische Beitrage. I. Zur Skorpionen und Solifugen-Fauna des Chinesischen Reiches. Revue russe d'entomologie, 11 (2): 195-199. 
Translated title: Arachnological contributions. I. On the scorpion and solifugid fauna of the Chinese empire.

Birula, A. A. 1912. [Sur la distribution géographique de Galeodes araneoides (Pallas) dans les parties méridionales et méridionales-orientales de la Russied 'Europe]. Revue russe d'entomologie, 12: 296-312 (in Russian).
Translated title: On the geographical distribution of Galeodes araneoides (Pallas) in the southern and southeastern parts of the Russian Europe.

Birula, A. A. 1913. Monographie der Solifugen-Gattung Gylippus Simon. Annuaire du Musâee zoologique (St Petersburg), 18: 317-300. Tables 7-11. 
Translated title: Monograph of the solifugid genus Gylippus Simon.

Birula, A. A. 1914. VI. Skorpione und Solifugen. Ergebnisse einer von Prof. Franz Werner im Sommer 1910 mit Unterstützung aus dem Legate Wedl ausgeführten zoologischen Forschungsreise nach Algerien. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 123 (Abt.1): 633-668.
Translated title: Results of a zoological expedition to Algeria executed in the summer 1910 by Professor Franz Werner with support from the legacy Wedl.

Birula, A. A. 1915. Description of two new species of the Solifugae brought by Mr. S. N. von Wick from Soudan. Revue russe d'entomologie, 15: 297-301.

Birula, A. A. 1916. A new species of Paragaleodes (Solifugae) from Kurdistan. Revue russe d'entomologie, 16: 72-74.

Birula, A. A. 1918. Revisio analytica specierum asiaticarum generis Karschia Walter (Arachnoidea Solifugae). Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg (Petrograd) 23: 197-201.
Translated title: Analytical revision of the species of the Asiatic genus Karschia Walter (Arachnoidea Solifugae).

Birula, A. A. 1924. Über Galeodes truculentus Poc. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 61: 227-235.
Translated title:  Concerning Galeodes truculentus Pocock.

Birula, A. A. 1925. A note on some differential characters between Galeodes arabs C. Koch and allied species. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 9, 15:192-200.

Birula, A. A. 1926. On some species of the Solifugae from British East Africa and the various countries of North East Afrika. Annuaire du Musâee zoologique (Leningrad), 27: 175-218.

Birula, A. A. 1927. I. Skorpione und Solifugen. Zoologische Ergebnisse der von P. K. Kozlov in den Jahren 1925-1926 aus gefährten Expedition nach der Mongolei. I. Skorpione und Solifugen. Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS (Leningrad) 28:201-218.
Translated title: Zoological results of the vehicular expedition of P. K. Kozlov to Mongolia in the years 1925-1926. I. Scorpions and solifuges.

Birula, A. A. 1928. [Le cours inférieur du Volga comme limite zoogéographique]. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des sciences de l'URSS, Leningrad, No. 16-17: 338-340 (1928).(in Russian).
Translated title: The lower course of the Volga as a zoogeographic limit.

wBirula, A. A. 1929a. Über Galeodes armeniacus n. sp. Zoologischer Anzeiger 84: 273-282.

wBirula, A. A. 1929b. Über Galeodes sulphureopilosus Bir. Zoologischer Anzeiger 84: 161-168.

Birula, A. A. 1935a. Über eine neue Eusimonia-Art (Solifuga) aus Nord-Persien. Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS 28: 1217-1222.

Birula, A. A. 1935b. Über eine neue Rhagodes-Art (Solifugen) aus Mesopotamien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 111: 318-319.

Birula, A. A. 1935c. Zur Kenntniss der Verbreitung der Rhagodes-Arten (Solifugen) in Mittelasien. Zoologischer Anzeiger 110: 138-140.

Birula, A. A. 1935d. Über neue oder wenig bekannte Arten der Gattung Karschia Walter (Solifugae). Zoologischer Anzeiger 110: 301-310.

Birula, A. A. 1936a. Über eine neue Galeodopsis-Art (Solifugen) aus Mittelasien. Vol. 1, pp. 47-50 in Festschrift zum 60.Geburtstage von Professor Dr. Embrik Strand.
Translated title: On a new species of Galeodopsis (solifuge) from middle Asia. In...
Festschrift published: Riga, 1936-1939 (5 vol.)
ISBN/ISSN: 9907048909

Birula, A. A. 1936b. Über eine vermutlich neue Rhagodes-Art (Solifugen) aus Kurdistan. Vol. 1, pp. 50-52 in Festschrift zum 60.Geburtstage von Professor Dr. Embrik Strand.
Translated title: On a presumably new species of Rhagodes (Solifugen) from Kurdistan. In...
Festschrift published: Riga, 1936-1939 (5 vol.)
ISBN/ISSN: 9907048909

Birula, A. A. 1936c. Über einige neue oder wenig bekannte Solifugen aus Mittelasien und dem Kaukasus. I.Daesia (Bitonissus) schelkovnikovi n. sp.   Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS 6: 1277-1280.

Birula, A. A. 1936d. Über einige neue oder wenig bekannte Solifugen aus Mittelasien und dem Kaukasus. II.  Über die variabilitat von Daesia rossica Bir.  Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences de l'URSS 6: 1281-1284. 

Birula, A. A. 1937a. [On two new species of solpugids (Solifuga) from Turkmenistan]. Trudy Soveta po Izucheniyu Proizvoditelnykh Sil. Seriya Turkmenskaya 9: 305-314.

Birula, A. A. 1937b. Solifugen-Studien. I-II. [I. Über einige neue oder wenig bekannte Galeodes-arten mittelasiens.  II. Über eine bemerkenswerte walzenspinne aus sudost-Persien. Travaux de l'Institut Zoologique de l'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS 4: 565-598.

Birula, A. A. 1938. Arachnides, Ordo Solifuga. In Fauna SSSR. ). Vol. 1(3): i-vii, 1-173 (L'Académie des Sciences de l'URSS: Moscow, Leningrad.) (in Russian) 

Birula, A. A. 1941. [Contribution to the fauna of Solifugae of Yemen]. Archives du Musée Zoologique de l'Université de Moscou 6: 245-258. (in Russian)

Blackman, S. 1999. Fast and fearless. Solifugids, the wind spiders that put the wind up everything they meet. BBC Wildlife 17(11): 5.

Blanchard, E. 1845. Le genre Galéode. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 21: 1383-1386.
Translated title: The genus Galeodes.

Blanchard, E. 1847. Observations sur l'organisation d'un type de la classe des Arachnides, le genre Galéode. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie., Series 3, 8: 227-238, Table 6.
Translated title: Observations on the organization of a type of the class of arachnids, the solpugids.

Blanchard, E. 1849. De l'appareil circulatoire et des organes de la respiration dans les Arachnides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie., Series 3, 12: 317-351.
Translated title: About the circulatory apparatus and the respiratory organs in Arachnida

Blanchard, E. 1852.  Arachnides.  In L'Organisation du Régne Animal. Vol. 2. 2nd edition.
Translated title: Arachnids.  In The organization of the animal kingdom.
Author: Emile Blanchard (1819-1900).
Published: Paris (by the author).
Note: Issued in two volumes, 30 fascicles, 1851-64.

Blanchard, E. 1855. Des Fonctions du foie chez les Arachnides. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des Sciences (Paris), 41(2): 1256.
Translated title: On functions of the liver at arachnids.

Blumenbach, J. F.  1832. Handbuch der Naturgeschichte Zwülfte Ausgabe; mit zwen kupfertafeln. Published  by Bei Mich. Lechner Universitäts-Buchhändler in Wien. viii+531 pp.2 leaves of plates. [Arachnidea: Phalangium: Solpuga p. 271]

Bodenheimer, F.S. 1937. Prodromus Faunae Palestinae. Arachnida. Mémoires de l'Institut Égyptien 33: 233-246.

Boitard, P. 1827. 'Manuel d'Histoire Naturelle'. Vol. 1. (Publisher?: Paris.)

Böjrner, C. 1902. Arachnologische Studien (II und III). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 25: 433-466.
Translated title: Arachnological studies (II and III).

Böjrner, C. 1903. Über die Beingliederung der Arthropoden (3. Mitteilg. Cheliceraten, Pantopoden und Crustaceen betreffend). Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin, [Vol.?]: 292-341, 7 Tables.
Translated title: About the leg-arrangement of the arthropods. (Publication 3. Concerning chelicerates, pantapods, and crustaceans.)

wBolwig, N. 1952. Observations of the behavior and mode of orientation of hunting Solifugae. Journal of the Entomological Society of South Africa, 15: 239,240.

Bordage, E. 1901. Contribution à l'étude de la régénération des appendices chez les Arthropodes. Bulletin de la Sociâetâe entomologique de France, Series 6, [Volume?]: 304-307.
Translated title: Contribution to the study of appendage regeneration by arthropods.

Borelli, A. 1925. Missione zoologica del Dr. E. Festa in Cirenaica. XVI. Scorpioni e Solifughi. Bollettino dei Musei di Zoología ed Anatomía Comparata della Universita di Torino, 39 (26): 1-16.
Translated title: Zoological mission of Dr. E. Festa in Cirenaica. XII. Scorpions and solifugids.

Borelli, A. 1927. Risultati zoologici della Missione inviata dalla R. Società Geigrafica Italiana per 1'esplorazione dell' oasi di Giarabub. Scorpioni e Solifughi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 52: 346-355.
Translated title: Zoological results of the mission sent from the Italian R. Society Geografica for the exploration of the oasis of Giarabub. Scorpions and solifugids.

Borelli, A. 1930. Spedizione del Barone Raimondo Franchetti in Dancalia. Scorpion e Solifughi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 55: 218-219.
Translated title: The Baron Raymond Franchetti's venture in Dancalia. Scorpions and solifuges.

Börner, C. 1902. Arachnologische Studien. (II und III). Zoologischer Anzeiger 25(673/674): 433-466.

Börner, C. 1903. Über die Beingliederung der Arthropoden. Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender der Freunde zu Berlin 7: 292-341.

Börner, C. 1904. Beitrage zur Morphologie des Arthropoden. I. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Pedipalpen. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42: 1-174.

Börner, C. 1921. Die Gliedmassen der Arthropoden. In 'Handbuch der Morphologie der Wirbellosen Tiere'. (Lang, A. Ed.). Vol. 4: 649-694 (Publisher?: Jena.)

Borre, A., P. de. 1886. Sur les Myriopodes et Arachnides fossiles. Sociâetâe entomologique de Belgique. Comptes Rendus des Séances de la Société Entomologique de Belgique. Series 3, 68: 17.
Translated title: On the fossil myriapods and arachnids.

Bouvier, E.-L. 1908. Note. In: Arachnides du Zambèze et des grands lacs. In: Bouvier, E.-L. (ed.), Résultats scientifiques des voyages en afrique d'Edouard Foà: 579. Publisher?: Paris.

Breene, R.G. III.  1993. Fleet and flighty windscorpions. Forum of the American Tarantula Society 2(1): 45-48.

Broili, F. 1910. Abt. 1. Invertebrata. In Grundzüge der Palaeontologie (Palaeozoologie) von Karl von Zittel, neu bearbeitung.
Translated title: Section 1. Invertebrata. In Fundamentals of paleontology (Palaeozoology) by Karl von Zittel, new edition.
Author(s): New edition: Ferdinand Broili (1874- ?); Original edition: Karl Alfred von Zittel (1839-1904).
Published: Mèunchen, Berlin, Druck und Verlag von R. Oldenbourg, 1910-
Call Number: QE711 .Z58 1910

Brookhart, J.O. 1964. Some solpugids of southeastern Colorado with reference to distribution and ecology.  Master thesis (unpublished)

Brookhart, J. O. 1965. Two new solpugids from Colorado and notes on other species. (Arachnida: Solpugida). Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 77 (3): 151-155.

Brookhart, J. O. 1972. Solpugida (Arachnida) in Colorado. The Southwestern Naturalist, 17 (1): 30-41.

Brookhart, J.O. and Brantley, S.L. 2000. Solpugids (Arachnida) of the Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge, New Mexico. Southwestern Naturalist 45: 443-449.

Brookhart, J. O.  and I. P. Brookhart.  2006.  An annotated checklist of continental North American solifuga with type depostories, abundance, and notes on their zoogeography. Journal of Arachnology 34: 299-329. Adobe PDF icon

Brookhart, J.O. and Cushing, P.E.  2002.  New species of Eremobatidae (Arachnida, Solifugae) from North America. Journal of Arachnology 30:84-97.Adobe PDF icon

Brookhart, J.O. and Cushing, P.E.  2003.  Erratum.   Journal of Arachnology 31: 316.Adobe PDF icon
(Corrects error
in Brookhart & Cushing 2002, Journal of Arachnology 39: 84-97)

Brookhart, J. O. and Cushing, P.E.  2004.  The systematics of the Eremobates scaber species-group (Solifugae, Eremobatidae).  Journal of Arachnology, 32:284-312.Adobe PDF icon

Brookhart, J.O., and Cushing, P.E. 2005.  Three new species of Solifugae from North America and a description of the female of Branchia brevis (Arachnida, Solifugae).  Journal of Arachnology, 33: 127-133.Adobe PDF icon

Brookhart, J. O., and Muma, M. H. 1981. The pallipes species-group of Eremobates Banks (Solpugida: Arachnida) in the United States. The Florida Entomologist, 64: 283-308. Adobe PDF icon

Brookhart, J. O., and Muma, M. H. 1987. Arenotherus, a new genus of Eremobatidae (Solpugida) in the United States. Privately published by the authors (Englewood, Colorado: Cherry Creek High School Print Shop), 18 pp.

Brown, A.C.  1960. A new solifigid arachnid from Table Mountain, Cape. Solpuga grindleyi, sp. n. Annals of the South African Museum 45: 575.

Brownell, P. H., and Farley,  R. D. 1974. The organization of the malleolar sensory system in the solpugid Chanbria sp. Tissue and Cell, 6 (3): 471-485.

Bruce, A., T. 1886. Nervous system of Insects and Spiders and remarks on Phrynus. Johns Hopkins University Circular, 6: 47.

Bruntz, L. 1903. Contribution à l étude de l'excrétion chez les Arthropodes. Archives de Biologie, 20: 217-422 (Arachnida Pp. 359-395).
Translated title: Contribution to a survey of excretion by arthropods.

Brusca, R.C. and Brusca, G.J. 1990. Invertebrates. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland. XVIII, 922 p. I-XVIII, 1-96, 493-542.

Brusca, R.C. and Brusca, G.J. 2003. Invertebrates. Second Edition. Sinauer Associates: Sunderland. 936 p. Title, 653-699.

Buddenbrock, W. von. 1918. Einige Bemerkungen zu Demoll's Buch: Die Sinnesorgane der Arthropoden, ihr Bau und ihre Funktion. Biologisches Centralblatt, 38: 385-391.
Translated title: Some remarks on Demoll's book: The sense organs of the arthropods, their construction and their function.

Burmeister, E.G. 1989. Eine walzenspinnen (Solifugae, Galeodidae) als Nahrung des gemeinen Chameleons (Chamaeleo chamaeleon Linnaeus 1758). Herpetofauna (Weinst.) 11(58): 32-34.

Burmeister, H. 1836. 'Handbuch der Naturgeschichte'. (Publisher?: Berlin.)

Butler, A. G. 1873. List of the species of Galeodides, with description of a new species in the collection of the British Museum. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London, [Volume?]: 415-425.

Buxton, B. H. 1913. Coxal glands of the Arachnids. Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Supplementheft, 14: 231-282.

wBuxton, B. H. 1917. Notes on the anatomy of Arachnids. The coxal glands of the Arachnids. The ganglia of the Arachnids. Journal of morphology (Boston), 29: 1-25.

Buxton, B.H. 1937. A natural history of the Tuskana fauna. Journal of the East Africa and Uganda Natural History Society 13: 85-104.

Canard, A. and Stockmann, R. 1993. Comparative postembryonic development of arachnids. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33(2): 461-468.

Caporiacco, L. di. 1927. Scorpioni e Solifugi raccolti in Somalia dai Prof Stefanini e Puccioni nel 1924. Monitore zoologico italiano, 38 (2-3): 58-62.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifuges picked up in Somalia by Profs Stefanini and Puccioni in 1924.

Caporiacco, L. di 1929. Aracnidi. In Ricerche faunistiche nelle Isole Italiane dell'Egeo. Archivio Zoologico Italiano 13(1-2): 221-242.

Caporiacco, L. di. 1932. Spedizione scientifica all' oasi di Cufra. (Marzo-Luglio 1931). Scorpioni e Solifugi. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 55: 395-408.  
Translated title: Scientific venture to the oasis of Cufra. (March-July 1931). Scorpions and solifuges.

Caporiacco, L. di. 1936a. Scorpioni, Pedipalpi, Solifugi e Chernetidi di Somalia e Dancalia. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 58:1 35-149.
Translated title: Scorpions, pedipalpi, solifuges and chernetids of Somalia and Dancalia.

Caporiacco, L. di 1936b. Aracnidi raccolti durante le primavera 1933 nelle oasi del deserto Libico. Memorie della Societа Entomologica Italiana 15: 93-122.

Caporiacco, L. di 1936c. Aracnidi fezzanesi raccolti dal Prof. G. Scortecci nel 1934 -XII (Missione della R. Società Geografica). Atti della Societа Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano 75: 67-93.

Caporiacco, L. di. 1937. Risultati scientifici della Missione del Prof. G. Scortecci nel Fezzani e sui Tassili (1936). Scorpioni e Solifughi. Atti della Societáa Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano, 76: 340-354.
Translated title: Scientific results of the mission of Prof. G. Scortecci in the Fezzani ... Scorpions and solifuges.

Caporiacco, L. di 1938. Aracnidi del Messico, di Guatemala e Honduras Britannico. Atti della Societа Italiana di Scienze Naturali di Milano 77: 251-282.

Caporiacco, L. di 1939a Aracnidi di Mogadiscio. Memorie della Societа Entomologica Italiana 17: 115-117.

Caporiacco, L. di 1939b. Osservazioni sulla Morfologia generale e sulla Filogenesi degli Aracnidi. Memorie della Societа Entomologica Italiana 49(11-12): 318-328.

Caporiacco, L. di 1939c. Arachnida. In 'Missione Biologica nel Paese dei Borana, Raccolte Zoologiche'. ). Vol. 3: 303-385 (Reale Accademia d'Italia: Rome.)

Caporiacco, L. di 1940. Aracnidi raccolti nella regione dei Laghi Etiopici della Fossa Galla. Atti della R. Accademia Ital. Memorie (6) 11: 767-872.

Caporiacco, L. di 1941. Arachnida (Esc. Acarina). In 'Missione Biologica Sagan-Omo 12, Zoologia 6.). Vol. 6: 1-159 (Reale Accademia d'Italia: Roma.)

Caporiacco, L. di 1944. Su alcuni Solifugi Somali. Monitore Zoologico Italiano 54(11-12): 91-96.

Caporiacco, L. di 1947. Arachnida africae orientalis, a dominibus Kittenberger, Kovács et Bornemisza lecta, in Museo Nationali Hungarico servata. Annales Historico-Naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici 40(3): 97-257.

Caporiacco, L. di 1948. L'aracnofauna di Rodi. Redia 33: 27-75.

Caporiacco, L. di 1949a. Un manipolo di Aracnidi dalla Cirenaica. Atti del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Trieste 17: 113-119.

Caporiacco, L. di 1949b. Aracnidi della Colonia del Kenya raccolti da Toschi e Meneghetti negli anni 1944-1946. Commentationes Pontificiae Academia Scientarum 13(6): 309-492. (not seen, in part)

Caporiacco, L. di 1950. Un nuovo Solifugo di Somalia. Redia 35: 385-386.

Caporiacco, L. di. 1951. Studi sugli aracnidi del Venezuela raccolti dalla Sezione di Biologia (U. C. V.). I parte: Scorpiones, Opiliones, Solfuga, y Chernetes. Acta Biolâogica Venezuelica, 1:1-46.
Translated title: Research on the arachnids of Venezuela collected by the Section of Biology (Universidad Central de Venezuela). 1st part: Scorpions, opilionids, solifuges, and chernetids.

Carlisle, D.B. and Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1968. Respiratory function and thermal acclimation in tropical invertebrates. Nature 218(5142): 684-685.

Carpenter, G. H. 1892. Notes on the development and structure of Arachnida. Natural Science, 7: 522-527.

Carpenter, G. H. 1903. On the relationships between the classes of the Arthropoda. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. Section B, 24 (4): 320-360.

Carrière, J., 1886. Die Entwicklung und die verschiedenen Arten der Ocellen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 9: 496-500.
Translated title: The development and the different types of ocelli.

Carrière, J. 1889. Bau und Entwicklung des Auges der zehnfüßigen Crustaceen und der Arachniden. Biologisches Centralblatt, 9: 225-234.
Translated title: Construction and development of the eye of the decapod crustaceans and the arachnids.

Cekalovic, K. T. 1974. Biogeographic divisions of region XII of Chile (Magallanes). Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologâia de Concepciâon, 48: 297-314.

Cekalovic, K. T. 1975. Catalogo sistematico de los Solifugae de Chile (Arachnida). Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologâia de Concepciâon, 49: 131-137.
Translated title: Systematic catalog of the Solifugae of Chile (Arachnida).

Cekalovic, K. T. 1976. Catalogo de los Arachnida: Scorpiones, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari, Araneae, y Solifugae de la XII region de Chile, Magallanes, incluyendo la Antartica Chilena (Chile). Gayana, 37:14-17.
Translated title: Catalog of the Arachnida: Scorpiones, Pseudoscorpiones, Opiliones, Acari, Araneae, and Solifugae of region XII of Chile, Magallanes, including the Chilean antarctic.

Cekalovic, K. T., and Quezada, A. E. 1969.  Hallazgo de Mummucia patagonica Roewer, 1934, en la zona del Payne, Magallanes, Chile.  Boletin de la Sociedad de Biologâia de Concepciâon, 41: 175-178.

Cekalovic, K. T. and Quezada, A.E. 1976. Nota sorbe la presencia de Uspallata purchra Mello-Leitao, 1938 en el Parque Botanico Hualpen (Solifugae). Ammotrechidae, Mummucinae. Boletín de la Sociedad de Biología de Concepción 50: 129-132.

Cetti, F. 1777. 'Anfibi e Pesci di Sardegna'. (Sassari: Piattoli), 208 p.

Cetti, F. 1784. 'Naturgeschichte von Sardinien'. Vol. 3. (?: Leipzig.)

Chamberlin, R. V. 1916. Results of the Yale Peruvian Expedition of 1911. - The Arachnida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 60 (6): 177-299.

Chamberlin, R. V. 1919. A new solpugid from Panama. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 32: 211, 212.

Chamberlin, R. V. 1920. South American Arachnida, chiefly from the guano islands of Peru. Brooklyn Museum of Science Bulletin, 3 (2): 35-44.

Chamberlin, R. V. 1925. Diagnoses of new American Arachnida. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, 67: 211-248.

Chandra, H. 1988. Some observations on the predatory behaviour of Galeodes sp. (Solifugae: Galeodidae) on acridids. Plant Protection Bulletin (Faridabad), 40: 3, 4, 23, 24.

Clark, W. H., Frohlich, D. R. and Comanor, P. L. 1982. Shrike predation on the scorpion Anuroctonus phaiodactylus (Wood) and on a solpugid (Scorpionida: Vaejovidae; Solpugida). The Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 58 (2): 164.

Chemini, C. 1995. Arachnida: Scorpiones, Palpigradi, Solifugae, Opiliones. In 'Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana'. (Minelli, A., Ruffo, S. and La Posta, S. Eds). 21/23 (Calderini: Bologna.) 42 pp.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J..L., 1947. Notes on Arachnida. 1. A rare spider recorded from Cambridgeshire. 2. Warning colouration in water mites. 3. Libyan Solifugae. 4. Courtship behavior of the harvester, Mitopus morio. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 11), 14: 808-810.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1949a. Notes on Arachnida. 9. Do Solifugae mimic scorpions? Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 85: 47.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1949b. Solifugae. Zoo Life, Zoological Society of London 4(3): 84-85.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1954. Notes on Arachnida, 22.- The function of the palpal organ of Solifugae. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 90: 236-237.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1956. Studies in diurnal rhythms. - VI. Bioclimatic observations in Tunisia and their significance in relation to the physiology of the fauna, especially woodlice, centipedes, scorpions and beetles. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (12) 9: 305-329.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1958. Spiders, scorpions, centipedes, and mites; the ecology and natural history of woodlice, myriapods, and arachnids. xiv + 228 pp.
Author: John L. Cloudsley-Thompson
Published: New York, Pergamon Press, 1958.
LC Call No.: QL434 .C55

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1960. Adaptive functions of circadian rhythms. Cold Spring Harb. Symp. Quant. Biol. 25: 345-355.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1961a. Observations on the natural history of the 'camel-spider', Galeodes arabs C. L. Koch (Solifugae: Galeodidae) in the Sudan. Entomologists Monthly Magazine, 97: 145-152.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1961b. Some aspects of the physiology and behavior of Galeodes arabs. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 4: 257-263.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1962. Lethal temperatures of some desert arthropods and the mechanism of heat death. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 5: 270-280.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1964a. Terrestrial animals in dry heat: arthropods. In 'Handbook of Physiology - Environment' (pp. 451-465 .)

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1964b. Guide to the Natural History of Khartoum Province Part 1. Desert Invertebrates of Khartoum Province. Sudan Notes and Records 44: 1-11.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1967a. Reproduction in Solifugae. Turtox News, 45: 212-215.

Cloudsey-Thompson, J.L. 1967b. Reproduction in Solifugae. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 103: 144-145.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1968. Spiders, scorpions, centipedes and mites. Revised edition. New York: Pergamon Press. xv + 278 pp.
Author: John L. Cloudsley-Thompson
Published: Oxford, New York, Pergamon Press, 1968.
The Commonwealth and international library. Biology division.
LC Call No.: QL451.C53 1968
ISBN: 0080123236

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1975. Adaptations of Arthropoda to arid environnments. Annual Review of Entomology 20: 261-283.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1976. 'Evolutionary Trends in the Mating of Arthropoda.'. (Meadowfield: Sheldon.)

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1977a. 'Man and the Biology of Arid Zones'. (Arnold: London.)

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1977b. Adaptational biology of Solifugae (Solpugida). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 4 (2): 61-67.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1978. Biological clocks in Arachnida.  Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 4: 184-191.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L. 1984. Chapter 13.  Arachnids. Pages 175-204 in Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L., ed. 1984. Key Environments. Sahara Desert. x + 348 pp.
Editor: John L. Cloudsley-Thompson ; foreword by HRH the Duke of Edinburgh.
Published: Oxford [Oxfordshire] ; New York : Published in collaboration with the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources by Pergamon Press, 1984.
Series: Key environments
LC Call No.: QH195.S3 S24
ISBN: 0080288693

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1986. Desert adaptations in arachnids. In 'Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983'. (Eberhard, W. G., Lubin, Y. D. and Robinson, B. C. Eds): 29-32 (Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington D.C.)

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1991. Ecophysiology of desert arthoropods and reptiles. Springer-Verlag: Berlin.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1992. Solifugae - and keeping them in captivity. In 'Arachnida. Proceedings of a one day symposium on spiders and their kin held at the Zoological Society of London'. (Cooper, J. E., Pearce-Kelly, P. and Williams, D. L. Eds): 52-56 (Chiron Publications: Keighley.)

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 1994. Ecophysiology of desert Arachnida. Bolletino dell'Accademia Gioenia de Scienze Naturali 26: 53-63.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J.L. 2000. Bilogical rhythms in Arachnida (excluding Acari). Memorie della Societé Entomologica Italiana, Supplemento 78: 251-273.

Cloudsley-Thompson, J. L., and Constantinou, C. 1984. Stridulatory apparatus of Solifugae (Solpugida). Journal of Arid Environments, 7 (4): 365-369.

Cockerell, T.D.A. 1940. The insects of the Californian islands. In 'Proceedings of the 6th Pacific Science Congress.') Vol. 4: 283-295 .)

Coddington, J. A., Larcher, S. F. and Cokendolpher, J. C. 1990. The systematic status of Arachnida, exclusive of Acari, in North America North of Mexico. Pp 5-20 in Kosztarab, M. and C. W. Schaefer. 1990. Systematics of the North American Insects and Arachnids: Status and Needs. Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station Information Series 90-1. Blacksburg: Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.

Cokendolpher, J.C. and Bryce, F.D. 1980. Arachnids (excluding Acarina and Pseudoscorpionida) of the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge, Oklahoma. Occasional Papers of the Museum, Texas Tech University 67: 1-25.

Comstock, J.H. 1913. 'The Spider Book'. Doubleday, Page and Co.: New York.. 721 pp.

Comstock, J.H. 1965. 'The Spider Book'. Val-Ballou Press, Inc.: New York.. 729 pp.

wCook, A. J. 1898. The nature and habits of Pliny's Solpuga.  Nature, 58: 247, 320.

Cook, O.F. 1899. Hubbardia, a new genus of Pedipalpi. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 4: 249-261.

Corey, D. T. and Stout, I. J. 1990. Ground surface arachnids in sandhill communities of Florida. Journal of Arachnology, 18: 167-172. Adobe PDF icon

Crawford, C.S. 1981. 'Biology of desert invertebrates'. (Springer-Verlag: Berlin.)

wCretin, E. 1896. Habits and distribution of Galeodes. Nature, 54: 366.

Crome, W. 1956. Taranteln, Skorpione und schwarze Witwen. Ein Streifzug durch Reich der “giftigen” Spinnentiere. In: Die neue Brehm-Bücherei, Heft 167 (Berlin?): 1-94.

Croneberg, A. 1879. - Über die Giftdrüsen von Solpuga. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 2: 450-451.
Translated title: On the poison-glands of solpugids.

Croneberg, A. 1880. - Über die Mundteile der Arachniden. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, 46 (1): 285-300, Tables 14-16.
Translated title: On the mouth-parts of the arachnids.

Croneberg, A. 1887. Über ein Entwicklungsstadium von Galeodes. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 10: 163-164.
Translated title: On a developmental stage of Galeodes.

Cuénot, L. 1897. Les globules sanguins et les organes lymphoides des Invertébres. Archives d'Aatomie Microscopique et de Morphologie Expâerimentale, 1: 153-192, Table 10.
Translated title: The blood globules and lymphatic organs of Invertebrates.

Cushing, P.E. Brookhart, J.O., Kleebe, H.-J., Zito, G., Payne, P. 2005.  The suctorial organ of the Solifugae (Arachnida, Solifugae).  Arthropod Structure & Development, 34(4):397-406.

Dahl, F., 1883. Über die Hörhaare bei den Arachniden in: Zoologischer Anzeiger, 6: 267-270.
Translated title: On the sensory hairs in Arachnida.

Dahl, F. 1884. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Funktion der Insektenbeine. Inaug. Diss. Kiel.
Translated title: Contributions to the knowledge of the function of the exoskeleton.

Dahl, F. 1913. Vergleichende Physiologie und Morphologie der Spinnentiere unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Lebensweise, von Friedrich Dahl. Teil 1.
Translated title: Comparative physiology and morphology of the arachnids with particular consideration of their way of life.
Author: Friedrich Theodor Dahl (1856-1929)
Published: Jena, G. Fischer, 1913-
Call Number: QL451 .D3 1913

Daiber, M. 1913. Arachnoidea sive Chelicerata.  Handb. der Morph: der wirbellosen Tiere, herausgeg. von A. Lang, 2. bzw. 3. Aufl., 14: 269-350.

Dallai, R. and Callaini, G. 1983. The giant acrosome of Geogarypus (Arachnida, Pseudoscorpiones) and phylogenetic considerations. In 'The Sperm Cell'. (André, J. Ed.): 431-435 (Martinus Nijhoff: The Hague.)

wDavygora, A.V., Rusakov, A.V., 2001. On northern limits of distribution of scorpion Mesobuthus eupeus and solpugid Galeodes pallasi in steppes of Southern Urals [O severnykh predelakh rasprostraneniya pestrogo skorpiona Mesobuthus eupeus i galeoda pallasa Galeodes pallasi v stepyaklh Yuzhnogo Urala]. 210-211. In: Ryabinina, Z.N. (ed.). Biodiversity and bioresourses of Urals and adjacent territories. Materials of International Conference. Orenburg, January 30-31, 2001. Orenburg: Publishing House “Gasprompress”. 396 pp. [in Russian]

Dean, W.R.J. and Griffin, E. 1993. Seasonal activity patterns and habitats in Solifugae (Arachnida) in the southern Karoo, South Africa. South African Journal of Zoology 28(2): 91-94.

Dean, W. R. J., and Milton, S. J. 1991. Prey capture by Solpuga chelicornis Lichenstein (Solifugae: Solpugidae). Journal of the Entomolgical Society of South Africa, 54 (2): 266, 267.

Delle Cave, L. 1971. Additional notes on the Solpugidae (Arachnida, Solifugae) from Ethiopia and Somalia. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s., Supplemento 4 (4): 91-99.

Delle Cave, L. 1973. Notes on some Solpugidae and Daesiidae (Arachnida Solifugae) from the Awash National Park (Shoa, Ethiopia). Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s., Supplemento 5 (2): 15-22.

Delle Cave, L. 1978. On Biton monodentatus, a new species of the family Daesiidae (Solifuga, Arachnida).  Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 4: 238-240.

Delle Cave, L. 1979b. On a remarkable Galeodes barbarus (Lucas) from Ethiopia (Arachnida, Solifugae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 4 (9): 396, 397.

Delle Cave, L. 1979a. Researches on the coast of Somalia. The shore and the dune of Sar Uanle. 11. Solpugidae (Solifugae Arachnida). Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s., Supplemento 9: 53-58.

Delle Cave, L. 1989. Amblypygi and Daesiidae, from the Sultanate of Oman (Arachnida, Chelicerata). Journal of Oman Studies 10: 93-97.

Delle Cave, L. and Simonetta, A. M. 1971. A tentative revision of Daesiidae (Arachnida, Solifugae) from Ethiopia and Somalia. Monitore Zool. Ital., Suppl. 4 (2): 37-77.

Demoll, R. 1917. Die Sinnesorgane der Arthropoden, ihr Bau, und ihre Funktion. 243 pp.
Translated title: The sensory organs of the arthropods, their construction, and their function.
Author: Reinhard Demoll
Published: Braunschweig: Friedr. Vieweg & Sohn, 1917
ISBN: 9917858946

Demoor, J. 1890. Recherches expérimentales sur la locomotion des Arthropodes. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 111(22): 839-840.
Translated title: Experimental researches on the locomotion of Arthropods.

Devaraj, A. 1979. Population studies on Galeodes (Galeodes) in a trophic niche. Journal of Madurai Kamaraj University 8: 77-78.

Déyle, G. 1969. Permeabilité du tégument et résistance aux températures élevées de quelques arthropodes sahariens. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 74: 51-55.

wDial, B. E. 1978. Aspects of the behavioral ecology of two Chihuahan Desert geckos (Reptilia, Lacertilia, Gekkonidae). Journal of Herpetology, 12: 209-216.

wDistant, W. L. 1892. Are the Solpugidae poisonous? Nature, 46: 247.

Dixon, J.E.W. 1981. Diet of the owl Glaucidium perlatum in the Etosha National Park. Madoqua 12(4): 267-268.

Doflein, F. (1???). 'Macedonien'. (Gustav Fischer: Jena.)

Dondale, C. D. 1979. Canada and its insect fauna. Part 3. Status of taxa in Canada. 11. Opiliones, Pseudoscorpionida, Scorpionida, Solifugae. Memoirs of the Entomological Society of Canada, 108: 250-251.

Drenski, P. 1931. Galeodes graecus C.L. Koch (Arach.) in Bulgarien. Bull. Inst. Roy. Hist. Nat. Sophia 4: 87-96.

Dubinin, V.B., 1946. Obitateli nor mlekopitayushchikh Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskoi oblasti i ikh znachenie dlya cheloveka [Inhabitants of the mammal burrows of South Kazakhstan Area and their value for man]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Seriya Parasitologicheskaya, No. 33, Part 4, Almaty: 93-102 [in Russian].

Dubinin, V.B. [Dubinin, W.B.], 1957. O novoi sisteme nadklassa Chelicerata [New system of the superclass Chelicerata]. Byulleten' Moskovskogo Obshchestva Ispytatelei Prirody, Novaya Seriya, Otdel Biologicheskii [Bull. Soc. Nat. Moscow, New Ser., Biol.], Vol. 62, Part 3, Moscow: 25-33 [in Russian].

Dubinin, V.B. 1962. [Chelicerophora]. In '[Fundamentals of Paleontology]'. (Rodendorf, B. B. Ed.): 375-530 (Academy of Sciences of the USSR: Moscow.) (in Russian)

Dufour, L. 1820. Description d'une nouvelle espèce de Galéode.  Annales générales des Sciences physiques et naturelles de Bruxelles, 4: 370-374.
Translated title: Description of a new species of galeodid.

Dufour, L. 1849. Observations critiques sur l'organe digestif du Galeodes. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris 28: 340-342.

Dufour, L. 1853. Un mot et un portrait sur la femelle du Galeodes barbara, H. Lucas. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (3) 1: 5-8.

Dufour, L. 1857. Mélanges entomologiques. IV. Galeodes phalangista de l'Algérie. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (3) 5: 64-68.

Dufour, L. 1861. Anatomie, Physiologic et Histoire naturelle des Galéodes. Mémoires Présenteés par Divers Savants à l'Académie Royal des Sciences. Deuxième Série, 17: 338-446, Tables 1-4.
Translated title:  Anatomic, physiology and natural history of Galeodes.

Dugès, A. 1834. Recherches sur l'ordre des Acariens en general et la famille des Trombidies en particular. Premier Memoire. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie (2)1: 5-46.

Dugès, A. and Edwards, M. 1836. Arachnides. In 'Le Règne Animal Distribue d'Après son Organisation'. (Cuvier, G. Ed.). Vol. 15-16. 3rd edition. (Fortin, Masson: Paris.) 1-106, Pl. 1-28.

Duméril, A.M.C. 1806. 'Zoologique analytique, ou Méthode naturelle de classification des animaux, rendue plus facile à l'aide de tableaux synoptiques'. (Allais: Paris.) I-XXXII, 1-344 pp. ЗИН N 389

Duméril, A.M.C. 1820. Galéode. In 'Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles'. (Levrault, F. G. Ed.). Vol. 18: 75-77 (F.G. Levrault: Strasbourg.)

Duméril, A.M.C. 1823. 'Considerations générales sur la classe des insectes: Ouvrage orné de 60 pl. en taille-douce représentant plus de 350 genres d'insectes'. (F.G. Levrault: Strasbourg, Paris.). I-XXII, 1-272 pp. 60 p. with ill. ЗИН N 388

Duméril, A.M.C. 1827. Solpuga ou Solifuga. In 'Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles'. (Levrault, F. G. Ed.). Vol. 49: 454 (F.G. Levrault: Strasbourg, Paris.)

Dunlop, J.A. 1998b. The origins of tetrapulmonate book lungs and their significance for chelicerate phylogeny. In: P.A.Selden (ed.). Proceedings of the 17th European Colloquium of Arachnology, Edinburgh 1997: 9-16.

Dunlop, J.A. 1999. Poecilophysidea: a forgotten arachnid order illustrating a forgotten phylogenetic hypothesis. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 85: 4-6.

Dunlop, J.A. 2000. The epistomo-labral plate and lateral lips in solifuges, pseudoscorpions and mites. Ekológia, Bratislava 19, Supplement 3: 67-78.

Dunlop, J.A. and Rössler, R. 2003. An enigmatic, solifuge-like fossil arachnid from the Lower Carboniferous of Kamienna Góra (Intra-Sudetic Basin), Poland. Paläontologische Zeitschrift, Stuttgart 77(2): 389-400.

Dunlop, J.A. and Martill, D.M. 2004. Four additional specimens of the fossil camel spider Cratosolpuga wunderlichi Selden 1996 (Arachnida: Solifugae) from the lower Cretaceous Crato formation of Brazil. Revista Ibérica de Arachnología, Zaragoza 9: 143-156.

Dunlop, J.A., Wunderlich, J. and Poinar Jr, G.O. 2004. The first fossil opilioacariform mite (Acari: Opilioacariformes) and the first Baltic amber camel spider (Solifugae). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 94: 261-273.

Edmunds, M. 1974. Defense in animals: a survey of antipredator defenses.?

Eisner, T. 1962. Survival by acid defense - whip scorpion repels enemies with spray. Natural History, New York 71(6): 10-19.

Eisner, T., Meinwald, J. et al. 1961. Defense mechanisms of arthropods - I. The composition and function of the spray of the whipscorpion, Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas) (Arachnida: Pedipalpida). Journal of Insect Physiology 6: 272-298.

El-Hennawy, H. K. 1990. Key to solpugid families (Arachnidae: Solpugida). Serket, 2 (1): 20- 27.

El-Hennawy, H.K. 1998. Arachnida of Egypt. 1. Order Solpugida. Serket 6:1-37.

El-Hennawy, H.K. 1999. Sun-spiders of the Arab countries (Arachnida: Solpugida). Serket 6:73-104.

El-Hennawy, H.K. 2001. Photography of arachnids, a simple technique. Serket 7(3): 106-107.

Ergashev, N.E. 1972. Polezna ili vredna falanga? Priroda 5: 123-124. [in Russian]

Essig, E.O. 1958. Insects and mites of western North America, revised edition. Macmillan: New York.

Esterbauer, H. 1978. Solifugen im Terrarium. Aquarien-und Terrarien Zeitschrift 31(11): 387-388.

Esterbauer, H. 1986. Die Walzenspinne. Ökologie, Verhalten und Pflage von Galeodes orientalis. Aquarien Magazin 20: 231-234.

Esterbauer, H. 1998. Die Walzenspinne Galeodes orientalis: Beobachtungen uber Verhalten und Lebensweise. Reptilia (D) 3(6): 68-72.

Evans, G.O., Sheals, J.G. and MacFarlane, D. 1968. The terrestrial Acari of the British Isles. British Museum: London.

Evans, M. and Bates, P. 1993. Diet of the Desert Eagle Owl in Harrat al Harrah Reserve, northern Saudi Arabia. Bulletin of the Ornithological Society of the Middle East 30: 26.

Ewing, H.E. 1928. The legs and leg-bearing segments of some primitive arthropod groups, with notes on leg-segmentation in the Arachnida. Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 80(11): 1-41.

Fabricius, J. C. 1781. Species insectorum: exhibentes eorum differentias specificas, synonyma auctorum, loca natalia, metamorphosin, adjectis observationibus, descriptionibus. Volume 1: I-VIII, 1-552 pp.
Author: Johan Christian Fabricius (1745-1808).
Published: Hamburg and Kilonii: C.E. Bohnii, 1781.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL463.F33

Fabricius, J.C. 1793. 'Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta. Secundum classes, ordines, genera, species adjectis synonimis, locis, obervationibus, descriptionibus'. Vol. 2 (Impensis C. G. Proft: Hafniae [=København]): I-VIII, 1-519 pp.
Author: Johann Christian Fabricius (1745-1808).
Published: Hafniae : Impensis Christ. Gottl. Proft., 1792-1799.[Five volumes]

Fabricius, J.C. 1798. 'Supplementum entomologicae systematicae'. (Apud Proft et Storch: Hafniae [=København]). [4], 1-572 pp.
Author: Johann Christian Fabricius (1745-1808).
Published: Hafniae : Impensis Christ. Gottl. Proft., 1792-1799.[Five volumes]

Fabricius, C., Burger, M. and Hockey, P.A.R. 2003. Comparing biodiversity between protected areas and adjacent rangeland in xeric succulent thicket, South Africa: arthropods and reptiles. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 392-403.

Fage, L. 1921. Travaux scientifiques de l'Armée d'Orient (1916-1918). Arachnides. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 27: 96-102, 173-177, 227-232.

Fage, L. 1923a. Remarques sur les solifuges de la famille des Hexisopodidae et sur les especes africaines du genre Diaea (Aran. Thomisidae). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 29: 222-225.
Translated title: Remarks on solifuges of the family of the Hexisopodidae and on the African species of the genus Diaea (Aran. Thomisidae).

Fage, L. 1923b. Arachnides rapportes par M. Chabanaud de la Guinee francaise et du Liberia (1919-1920). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 29: 298-302.
Translated title: Arachnids brought back by M. Chabanaud from French Guinea and Liberia (1919-1920).

Fage, L. 1925. Arachnides., Vol. 4 (3): 189-198 in: Mission Rohan-Chabot. Angola et Rhodesia (1912-1914)Author: Jacques de Rohan-Chabot (1889-?)
Published: Paris : Imprimerie nationale, 1923-
Call Number: Q115 .M58

Fage, L. and Simon, E. 1936. Mission Scientifique de l'Omo. Arachnida. III. Pedipalpi, Scorpiones, Solifuga et Araneae. Mémoires du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, 4: 293-340.
Translated title: Scientific mission to the Omo. Arachnida. III. Pedipalpi, Scorpiones, Solifuga et Araneae.

Faragalla, A.A., Al-Chamdy, Kh.M. 2001. Some accounts on the solpugid Galeodes arabs C.Koch (Galeodidae : Arachnida) in the semi-arid ecosystems in Western Saudi Arabia. Archives of Phytopathology and Plant Protection 34(2: 111-121.

Fathinia, B., S. C. Anderson, N. Rastegar-Pouyani, H. Jahani, and H. Mohamadi.  2009.  Notes on the Natural History of Pseudocerastes urarachnoides (Squamata: Viperidae). Russian Journal of Herpetology Vol. 16 (2): 134 – 138. 

Faussek, V., 1906. Biologicheskie issledovaniya v Zakaspiiskoi oblasti [Biologische Untersuchungen in Transkaspien]. Zapiski Imperatorskogo Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva po Obshchei Geografii, Vol. 27, No. 2, St.-Petersburg: 1-192, Tab. I-IV [in Russian].
Translated title: Biological investigations in the TransCaspian.

Fedchenko, A.P., 1872. Kratkii otchet o puteshestvii v bassein verkhnego Zaravshana v iyune 1870 g. [Short report on expedition trip in basin of upper Zaravshan in June 1870]. Izvestiya Obshchestva Lubitelei Estestvoznaniya 10(1): 79-86 [in Russian]

Fedotov, D. 1924. On the relations between the Crustacea, Trilobita, Merostomata and Arachnida. Bulletin de l'Academie des Sciences de Russie, 1924. Pp. 383-408.

wFichter, E. 1940a. Studies of North American Solpugida, I. The true identity of Eremobates pallipes (Say). The American Midland Naturalist, 24: 351-360.

Fichter, E. 1940b. Solpugida of Nebraska. In Proceedings of the Fiftieth Annual Meeting held jointly with the Nebraska Section of the Mathematical Asoociation of America, the Nebraska Council of Mathematics Teachers, the Nebraska Council of Geography Teachers, the Nebraska Science Teachers Association. Golden Anniversary Meeting, May 9-11, 1940, Chadron, Nebraska. Proceedings of the Nebraska Academy of Science 1940: 9.

wFichter, E. 1941. Studies of North American Solpugida, II. A second species of solpugid from Nebraska. The American Midland Naturalist, 26: 179-181.

Filipcenko, J. A. 1906. Über die Abstammung des Fettkörpers und der Nephrocyten bei den Arthropoden. Trudy Sankt-Peterburgskago obshchestva estestvoispytateleæi, 37 (5 & 6): 270-272.
Translated title: About the origin of the fat-body and the nephrocytes with the arthropods.

Filmer, M.R., 1999. Southern African spiders. An identification guide. Struik Publishers: Cape town. 128 p.

Firstman, B. 1973. The relationship of the chelicerate arterial system to the evolution of the endosternite. Journal of Arachnology, 1: 19-32. Adobe PDF iconAdobe PDF icon

Fischer, C. E. C. 1910. Observations on the spider Galeodes indicus. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 20: 886-887.

Flower, S.S. 1901. Notes on the millipedes, centipedes, scorpions, etc., of the Malay Peninsula and Siam. Journal of the Straits Branch of the Asiatic Society 36: 1-48.

Forcart, L. 1961. Katalog der Typusexemplare in der Arachnida-Sammlung des Naturhistorischen Museums zu Basel:Scorpionidea, Pseudoscorpionidea, Solifuga, Opilionidea und Araneida. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel, 72 (1): 47-87.
Translated title: Catalog of the type specimens in the arachnid collection of the natural history museum at Basel: Scorpionidea, Pseudoscorpionidea, Solifuga, Opilionidea and Araneida.

Foureau, F. 1905. 'Documents scietifiques de la mission saharienne (Mission Foureau-Lamy).'. Vol. 2.

Frade, F. 1940a. Solifugos das Colónias Portuguesas (Angola, Guiné e Moçambique). Arquivos do Museu Bocage 11: 135-146.

Frade, F. 1940b. Solífugos das Colónias Portuguesas (Angola, Guiné e Moçambique). Bulletin de la Société Portugaise des Sciences Naturelles 13: 119-129.

Frade, F. 1948. Escorpioes, Solifugos e Pedipalpos da Guinea Portuguesa. Anais. Junta de Investigaðcäoes Coloniais (Lisboa), 3 (4): 5-18.
Translated title: Scorpions, solifuges and pedipalpi of Portuguese Guinea.

Frade, F. 1951. Escorpioes, Solifugos e Pedipalpos da Guinea Portuguesa. Trabajos 2a Conf. Int. Afr. Occid., Bissau 1947, 3: 265-270.
Translated title: Scorpions, soliguges and pedipalpi of Portuguese Guinea.

Franganillo Balboa, P. 1930. Mas arácnidos nuevos de la Isla de Cuba. Memorias de la Inst. Nac. de Invest. Cient. y Mus. Hist. Nat., La Habana 1: 45-99.

Franganillo Balboa, P. 1936. 'Los Arácnidos de Cuba hasta 1936.'. (Cultural S.A.: La Habana.)

Fritsch, A. 1899. Fauna der Gaskohle und der Kalksteine der Permformation Böhmens. Four volumes.
Translated title: Fauna of the Gaskohle and the limestones of the Permformation of Bohemia.
Author: A. Fritsch
Call No.: QE755.A9F8 (University of Chicago)
Arachnid references: Vol. 4 (2): 66-63. 2 Tables.

Fritsch, A. 1902. Notizen über die Arachniden der Steinkohlenformation. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 25: 483-484.
Translated title: Notes about the arachnids of the Steinkohlenformation.

Fritsch, A. 1903. Bericht über die mit Unterstützung der kaiserl. Acad. Unternommene Reise behufs Studiums fossiler Arachniden. Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Classe, 112 (Abt. 1): [pages?].
Translated title: Report about a trip undertaken with support of the Kaiserlichen Akademie for the purpose of studying fossil arachnids.

Fritsch, A. 1904. Palaeozoische Arachniden. 80 pp.
Translated title: Paleozoic arachnids.
Title: Palaeozoische Arachniden.
Author: Fritsch, A.
Published: Prague, 1904.
Call Number: QE825.F75

Frost, C. 1890. Notes on the habits and senses of spiders.  Victorian Naturalist 6: 147-152.

Gadzhiev, A.T. and Aliev, Sh.I., 1983. Pitanie sol'pug v Azerbaidzhane [Feeding of solpugids in Azerbaidzhan]. In: Materialy simpoziuma Poleznye nasekomye i okhrana ikh v Azerbaidzhane. Baku: 31-32 [in Russian].

Gadzikiewicz, W. 1905. Zur Phylogenie des Blutgefäß-Systems bei Arthropoden.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 29: 36-40.
Translated title: On the phylogeny of the blood-vessel-system in arthropods.

Gadzikiewicz, W. 1908. Ein Beitrag zur Histologie des Blutgefäß-Systems der Arachnoidea. Mémoires de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de Saint-Pétersbourg, (8), 12.
Translated title: A contribution to the histology of the circulatory system of arachnids.

Galiano, M. E. and Maury, E. A., 1979. Lista de los ejemplares tipicos de Arachnida (Araneae, Opiliones, Scorpiones y Solfugae) depositados en el Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia". Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" e Instituto Nacional de Investigaciâon de las Ciencias Naturales. Entomologâia, 5: 301-334.
Translated title: List of the type specimens of Arachnida (Araneae, Opiliones, Scorpiones and Solifugae) deposited in the Bernardino Rivadavia Argentine Museum of Natural Sciences.

Gaubert, P. 1890a. Observations nouvelles sur le mouvement des membres et des poils tactiles des Arachnides. Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris 8), 2: 15.
Translated title: New observations on the movement of members and of the tactile hairs of Arachnids.

Gaubert, P. 1890b. Note sur les organes lyriformes des Arachnides. Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris, Series 8, 2: 47.
Translated title: Note on the lyriform organs of arachnids.

Gaubert, P. 1890c. Note sur le mouvement des membres et des poils articulés chez les Arthropodes.  Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris (8), 2: 118.
Translated title: Note on the movement of members and of articlulated hairs of Arthropods.

Gaubert, P. 1891a. Note sur un nouvel organe de sens et sur les raquettes coxales des Galéodes. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 14: 211-212.
Translated title: Note on a new organ of sense and on coxal raquets of solpugids.

Gaubert, P. 1891b. Sur la locomotion des Arthropodes. Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris , Series 8, 3 (1): 5-7.
Translated title: On the locomotion of arthropods.

Gaubert, P. 1891c. Note sur les organes lyriformes des Arachnides. Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris, Series 8, 3 (1): 14-16.
Translated title: Notes on the lyriform organs of arachnids.

Gaubert, P. 1892a. Sur les muscles des membres et sur l'homologie des articles des Arachnides. Bulletin de la Société Philomatique de Paris, Series 8, 4 (1): 31-33.
Translated title: On muscles of members and on the homology of articles of the arachnids.

Gaubert, P. 1892b. Recherches sur les organes des sens et sur les systèmes tégumentaires, glandulaires et musculaires des appendices des Arachnides.  Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie., Series 7, 13: 1-184.
Translated title: Researches on sense organs and on integumentary, glandular and muscular systems of Arachnid appendages.

Gay, C. 1847-1854 (1844-1871?). Historia fâisica y polâitica de Chile: segun documentos adquiridos en esta repâublica durante doce aänos de residencia en ella y publicada bajo los auspicios del supremo gobierno, por Claudio Gay. 28 volumes, atlas, 2 vol. plates.
Translated title: Physical and political history of Chile according to acquired Documents... Zoology I-VIII
Author: Claudio Gay (1800-1873)
Published: Paris: En casa del autor; Chile: en el Museo de Historia Natural de Santiago.
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a set.
Solpugid references: Zoologia I-VIII.

Gering, R.L. 1956. Arachnids: spiders, pseudoscorpions, scorpions, solpugids. In: Woodbury, A.M. (ed.), Ecological Check Lists. The Great Salt Lake Desert Series. University of Utah: Dugway.

Gertsch, W.J. 1949. 'American spiders'. (D. van Nostrand: Princeton.)

Gervais, P. 1842. Entomologie. L'Institut, Journal Universal des Sciences et des Sociétés Savantes en France et a l'Étranger, 1ere Section 10: 76.

Gervais, P., 1844.  Aceres, Phryneides, Scorpionides, Solpugides, Phalangides et Acarides; Diceres Epizoiques, Aphanipteres et Thysonoures. In: Walckenaer, C. A.  Histoire naturelle des insectes. Aptáeres. Four volumes and atlas.
Translated title: 
Author: C. A. (Charles Athanase) Walckenaer (1771-1852). [Paul Gervais (1816-1879)]
Published: Paris, Librairie encyclopâedique de Roret, 1837-47.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL501.W15
Solpugid references: Vol. 3

Gervais, P., 1849.  Fauna Chilena, Arachnides, Orden III, Galeodidos.  In Gay, Claudio, Historia fisica y politica de Chile.  Paris, pp. 14-17.

Gibson, W.W., 1958. Directorio de taxonomos de insectos de la America Latina. Folleto Miscellaneo, Mexico 7: 1-40

Gigoux, E.E. 1935. El Morro Copiapo. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 29: 253-265.

Giltay, L. 1926. Note sur la Morphologie du squelette céphalothoracique de Galeodes caspius. Annales de la Sociâetâe royale zoologique de Belgique, 56: 27-32.
Translated title: Note on the morphology of the cephalothoracic skeleton of Galeodes caspius.

Girard, C. 1854. Arachnidians. In 'Exploration of the Red River of Louisiana, in the Year 1852'. (Marcy, R. B. and McClellan, G. B. Eds): 233-242 (A.O.P. Nicholson: Washington.)

wGiribet, G., Carranza, S., Baguса, J., Riutort, M. and Ribera, C. 1996. First Molecular Evidence for the Existence of a Tardigrada + Arthropoda Clade. Molecular Biology and Evolution 13(1): 76-84.

Giribet, G., Rambla, M., Carranza, S., Baguñà, J., Riutort, M.  and Ribera, C. 1999. Phylogeny of the Arachnid Order Opiliones (Arthropoda) Inferred from a Combined Approach of Complete 18S and Partial 28S Ribosomal DNA Sequences and Morphology. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 11(2): 296-307.

wGleadow, F. 1896. Distribution of Galeodes. Nature, 54: 574.

Gmelin, S. G. 1770-1774. Reise durch Russland zur èuntersuchung der drey natur-reiche. Four volumes, 158 plates.
Translated title: Trip through Russia to study the three natural provinces.
Author: Samuel Gottlieb Gmelin (1744-1774).
Published:  St. Petersburg: Academie der Wissenschaftern, [1770]-1784.
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a set.
Solpugid references: Vol. 3: 484-485, Table 54 (1774).

Goetsch, W. 1930. Beiträge zur Biologie chilenischer Tiere (III. Die Walzenspinnen oder Solifugen). In 'Deutsche Monatshefte für Chile'. ): [352-356 .)

Goetsch, W. and Lawatsch, E. 1944. Beiträge zur Biologie und Verbreitung südamerikanischer Walzenspinnen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 144(5-6): 73-90.

Goldfuss, A. 1834. 'Grundriss der Zoologie'. 2ter edition. (?: Nürnberg.)

Gore, J. A., and Cushing, B. C. 1980. Observations on temporary foraging areas of the sun spider Ammotrechula peninsulana (Banks) (Arachnida: Solpugida). The Southwestern Naturalist, 25 (1): 95-102.

Graber, V. 1879. Über das unicorneal tracheaten- und speciell das Arachniden- und Myriopoden-Auge.  Archiv fuer Mikroskopische Anatomie, 17: 58, 3 Tables.

Grasshoff, M. 1978. A model of the evolution of the main chelicerate groups. Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, 42: 273-284.

Gravely, F.H. 1915. Notes on the habits of Indian insects, myriapods and arachnids. Records of the Indian Museum 11: 483-539.

Gray, M.R. 1981. Arachnids. Australian Natural History 17: 87-92.

Grenacher, H. 1879. Untersuchungen über das Sehorgan der Arthropoden, insbesondere der Spinnen, Insekten und Crustaceen. vii + 188 pp., 11 Tables.
Translated title: Studies on the sight organ of the arthropods, especially the spiders, insects and crustaceans.
Author: Hermann Grenacher (1843-1923).
Published: Gèottingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, 1879.

Griffin, E. 1990. Seasonal activity, habitat selection and species richness of Solifugae (Arachnida) on the gravel plains of the central Namib Desert. In: Seely, M.K. (Ed.). Namib ecology: 25 years of Namib research. Transvaal Museum Monograph 7: 77-82.

wGriffin, E. 1998. Species richness and biogeography of non-acarine arachnids in Namibia. Biodiversity and Conservation 7(4): 467-481.

wGriffin, E. 2000. Provisional checklist of Araneae and Solifugae (Arachnida) from the Brandberg Massif, Namibia. Cimbebasia Memoir 9:387-389.

Grimm, O.A. 1876. Kaspiiskoe more i ego fauna [Caspian Sea and its fauna]. Part 1. In: Trudy Aralo-Kaspiiskoi Ekspeditsii. Vyp. 2. Prilozhenie k Trudam S.-peterburgskogo Obshchestva Estestvoispytatelei. 1-168.

Gromov, A. 1993. A new species of Karschiidae (Solifugae, Arachnida) from Kazakhstan. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33:527-528.

Gromov, A.V. 1996. Solifugae – Sol’pugi, falangi – sun spiders. In, Genetical fund cadastre of Kyrgyzstan. Vira, Bacteria, Animalia (Protozoa, Porifera, Coelenterata, Plathelminthes, Acanthocephales, Annelida, Bryozoa, Mollusca, Tardigrada, Arthropoda), vol. 2: 103. Institute for Biology and Pedology, National Academy of Sciences, Kyrghyz Republic: Bishkek.

Gromov, A. 1998a. Solpugids (Arachnida: Solifugae) of Turkmenistan. Arthropoda Selecta 7:179-188.

Gromov, A.V. 1998b. [Value of some taxonomic characters in the genus Galeodes (Galeodidae, Solifugae, Arachnida)]. Izvestiya Ministerstva Nauki – Akademii Nauk Respubliki Kazakhstan. Ser. Biologicheskaya I Meditsinskaya, Almaty 3(207): 57-60.

Gromov, A.V. 1999. [Variability in the number of the ventral spines at the extremities of solpugid Daesia rossica Birula, 1905 (Arachnida: Solifugae, Daesiidae)] In, Problems of conservation and sustainable use of animal biodiversity in Kazakhstan. Proceedings of International scientific Converence, 6-8 april, 1999: 114. Tethys: Almaty. (in Russian).

Gromov, A.V. 2000. Solpugids of the genus Eusimonia Kraepelin 1899 (Arachnida: Solifugae, Karschiidae) of Central Asia. Ekológia, Bratislava 19, Supplement 3: 79-86.

Gromov, A.V. 2003. Sol'puga Rickmersa, Gylippus rickmersi Kraepelin 1899 [Solpugid of Rickmers, Gylippus rickmersi Kraepelin 1899]: 42-43. In: Mitjaev, I.D. and Jashenko, R.V. (eds), Krasnaya Kniga Kazakhstana, Tom. 1. Zhivotnye, Chast' 2. Bespozvonochnye [Red Data Book of Kazakhstan, Vol. 1. Animals, Part. 2. Invertebrates]. 232 p. (in Russian)

Gromov, A.V. 2004. Four new species of the genus Karschia Walter, 1889 (Arachnida: Solifugae: Karschiidae) from Central Asia. Pp. 83-92. In: Logunov, D.V. & Penney, D. (Eds.). European Arachnology 2003. Proceedings of the 21st European Colloquium of Aracnlogy, St. Petersburg, 4-9 August 2003.

Gromov, A.V. 2006. Karakurt [Black widow]. Turizm, otdykh, priroda: Almaty 2(3): 24-27. (in Russian)

Gromov, A.V. and Kopdykbaev, E.E. 1994. [The fauna of the scorpions and solpugids (Arachnida: Scorpiones, Solifugae) of Kazakhstan]. Selevinia, Almaty 2:19-23. (in Russian)

Grosso-Silva, J.M. 1998. Sobre a presenca do solifugo Gluvia dorsalis (Latreille, 1817) (Arachnida, Solifugae, Daesidae) no concelho de Vila Nova de Foz Coa (NE de Portugal). Boletin de la S.E.A. 21:23.

Guérin-Méneville, F.E. 1838. Iconographie du Règne Animal, de G. Cuvier. Arachnides. Premier Ordre.-les Pulmonaires. Vol. 2, 3. : Paris.

Gulland, E. L. 1885. Evidence in favour of the view that the coxal glands of Limulus and of other Arachnids is a modified Nephridium. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science, 25: 511-520.

Gupta, A. P. 1979. Arthropod Phylogeny. Van Norstrand and Reinhold, New York.

Haase, E. 1890. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der fossilen Arachniden. Zeitschrift der Deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, 42: 629-657.
Translated title: Contributions to the knowledge of the fossil arachnids.

Haller, B. 1904. Über den allgemeinen Bau des Tracheaten-Cerebrums. Archiv fuer Mikroskopische Anatomie, [Vol. ?]: 113.
Translated title: About the general construction of the cerebrums of tracheates.

Haller, B. 1911. Über die Atmungsorgane der Arachnoiden. Ein Beitrag zur Stammesgeschichte dieser Tiere. Archiv fuer mikroskopische Anatomie, 79 (1): 1-58.
Translated title: Concerning the respiratory organs of the Arachnoidea. A contribution to the basic history of these animals.

Haller, B. 1912. Über das Zentralnervensystem des Skorpions und der Spinnen. Ein zweiter Beitrag zur Stammesgeschichte der Arachnoideen. Archiv fuer Mikroskopische Anatomie, 79 (1): 504-524.
Translated title: Concerning the central nervous system of the scorpions and the spiders. A second contribution to the basic history of the Arachnoidea.

Hammen, L. van der. 1977a. A new classification of Chelicerata. Zoologische mededelingen, Leiden 51: 307-319.

Hammen, L. van der. 1977b. The evolution of coxa in mites and other groups of Chelicerata. Acarologia, 19: 12-19.

Hammen, L. van der 1978. The evolution of the chelicerate life-cycle. Acta Biotheoretica 27: 44-60.

Hammen, L. van der. 1985. A structuralist approach in the study of evolution and classification. Zoologische mededelingen, Leiden, 59: 391-409.

Hammen, L. van der. 1985. Functional morphology and affinities of extant Chelicerata in evolutionary perspective. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 76: 137-146.

Hammen, L. van der. 1985. Comparative studies in Chelicerata III. Opilionida. Zoologische Verhandelingen 220: 1-60.

Hammen, L. van der. 1986a. On some aspects of parrallel evolution in Chelicerata. Acta Biotheoretica 35: 15-37.

Hammen, L. van der. 1986b. Comparative studies in Chelicerata IV. Apatellata, Arachnida, Scorpionida, Xiphosura. Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden, 226: 1-52.

Hammen, L. van der. 1989. An Introduction to Comparative Arachnology. x + 576 pp.
Author: L. van der Hammen
Published: The Hague, Netherlands: Academic Publishing, 1989
Call Number: QL451.H35

Hancock, J. L. 1888. Description of Datames magna Hancock. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 25: 107-110.

Handlirsch, A. 1906. Über Phylogenie der Arthropoden. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, [Vol.?]: 88-103.
Translated title: Concerning the phylogeny of arthropods.

Hansen, H. 1893. Organs and characters in different orders of Arachnids.  Entomologiske meddelelser, 4: 135-251. 2 Tables.

Hansen, H. 1897. Are the Arthropoda a natural group?  Natural Science, 10: 103-105.

Hansen, H. J. 1917. On the Trichobothria ("auditory hairs") in Arachnida, Myriopoda, and Insects, with a summary of the external sensory organs in Arachnida. Entomologisk Tidskrift, 38: 240-259.

Hansen, H.J. 1930. On the comparative morphology of the appendages in the Arthropoda. B. Crustacea (supplement), Insecta, Myriopoda, and Arachnida. In 'Studies on Arthropoda.) Vol. 3: 1-376 (Gyldendalske Boghandel: Kjøbenhavn.)

Hansen, H.J. and Sörensen, W. 1897. The order Palpigradi Thor. (Koenenia mirabilis Grassi) and its relationship to the other Arachnida. Entomologisk Tidskrift 18: 223-240.

Hanstrom, B. 1919. Zur Kenntnis des zentralen Nervensystems der Arachnoiden und Pantopoden nebst Schlußfolgerungen betreffs der Phylogenie der genannten Gruppen. Pp. 1-191.
Translated title: Toward the knowledge of the central nervous system of the Arachnoiden and Pantopoden together with conclusions regarding the phylogeny of the groups named.
Author:  Bertil Hanstrèom, 1891-
Notes: Thesis (doctoral): --Hochschule zu Stockholm.

Hanström, B. 1926. Eine genetische Studie über die Augen und Sehzentren von Turbellarien, Anneldien und Arthropoden. Kgl. Svensk. Vetensk. Akad. Handl. (3) 4: 3-176.

Hanström, B. 1928. 'Vergleichende Anatomie des Gehirns Kenntnis Nervensystems der Wirbellosen Tiere'. : Berlin.)

Harvey, M.S. 2001. Ammotrecha Banks, 1900 and Ammotrechula Roewer, 1934 (Arachnida, Solifugae): proposed conservation by the desgination of Galeodes limbata Lucas, 1835 as the type species of Ammotrecha; and Eremobates Banks 1900 and Eremorhax Roewer, 1934: proposed conservation by the designation of Galeodes pallipes Say, 1823 as the type species of Eremobates. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 58: 196-201.

Harvey, M.S. 2002a. Nomenclatural notes on Solifugae, Amblyppygi, Uropygi and Araneae (Arachnidda). Records of the Western Australian Museum 20:449-459.

Harvey, M.S.  2002b. The neglected cousins: what do we know about the smaller arachnid orders? The Journal of Arachnology 30: 357-372.Adobe PDF icon

Harvey, M.S. 2003a. Rhagodes Pocock, 1897 (Solifugae: Rhagodidae), proposed conservation through the suppression of Rhax Hermann, 1804. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 21:

Harvey, M.S. 2003b. Case 3236. Zeriassa Pocock, 1897 (September) (Arachnida, Solifugae): proposed precedence over Canentis Pavesi, 1897 (August). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 60(1): 26-27.

Harvey, M.S. 2003a. Gaetulia Simon, 1879 and Caerellia Simon, 1879 (Arachnida, Solifugae): designation of type species; and proposed conservation of Solpuga chelicornis Lichtenstein, 1796. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 21:

Harvey, M.S. 2003b. Gaetulia aciculata Simon, 1879 (currently Oparbella aciculata; Arachnida, Solifugae): proposed conservation of the specific name. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 21:

Harvey, M.S. 2003c. Catalogue of the Smaller Arachnid Orders of the World. Csiro Publishing, Collingwood, Victoria, Australia. 385 pp.

Harvey, M.S., Shear, W.A. and Hoch, H. 2000. Onychophora, Arachnida, myriapods and Insecta. In Wilkens, H., Culver, D.C. and Humphreys, W.F. (eds), Subterranean ecosystems: 79-94. Elsevier: Amsterdam.

Harwood, R.F. and James, M.T. 1979. 'Entomology in Human and Animal Health'. (Macmillan Publishing Co.: New York.)

Haunerland, N. H., and Bowers, W. S. 1989. Comparative studies of arthropod lipoproteins. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 1: 137-141.

Haupt, J. 1982. Hair regeneration in a solpugid chemotactile sensillum during moulting (Arachnida, Solifugae). Wilhelm Roux's Archives of Developmental Biology, 191 (2): 137-142.

Haupt, J. 1988. Fortpflanzungsbiologie bei Spinnentieren (Chelicerata). Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender der Freunde zu Berlin, N.F. 28: 89-94.

Haupt, J. & Haupt, H. 1993. Insecten und Spinnentiere am Mittelmeer. Franckh-Kosmos: Stuttgart (Kosmos-Naturführer). 357 pp.

Hausdorf, B. 1999. Molecular phylogeny of araneomorph spiders. J. Evol. Biol. 12: 980-985.

Hayashi, C., Wheeler, W. et al. 1992. Molecular phylogenetics of chelicerates with a special emphasis on basal araneomorphs. American Arachnology 46: 9.

Henry, L.M. 1954. The cephalic nervous system and segmentation in the Pedipalpida and the Solpugida (Arachnida). Microentomology 19(1): 2-13.

Herbst, J.F.W. 1787. 'Kurze Einleitung zur Kenntniss der Insecten fur Ungeübte und Anfänger'. Vol. 3. (?: Berlin and Stralsund.)

Hermann, J., F. 1804. Mâemoire aptâerologique. Publiâe par Frâederic-Louis Hammer. Strasbourg. 144 pp., 9 plates.
Author: Johann Friedrich Hermann (1768-1794)
Published: Strasbourg : F. G. Levault, 1804.
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a copy.

Hesse, P. 1901. Untersuchungen über die Organe der Lichtempfindung bei niederen Tieren. VII. Von den Arthropoden-Augen. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 70: 347-473, Tables 16-21.
Translated title: Examinations concerning the organs of light-sensation in lower animals. VII. Of the arthropod eye.

Hewitt, J. 1912. Description of an new species of Chelypus (Solpugidae). Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 2: 312-313.

Hewitt, J. 1913. Descriptions of new species of Arachnida from Cape Colony. Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 2: 462-481.

Hewitt, J.1914a. Records and Descriptions of the Arachnida of the collection of the Percy Sladen Memorial Expedition to Great Namaqualand 1912-1913.  Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 4: 146-159, Table 15.

wHewitt, J. 1914b. Records of species of Solifugae in the collection of the Transvaal Museum and descriptions of several new species of the family Solpugidae. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 14: 160-167, Table 15.

Hewitt, J. 1914c. Descriptions of new Arachnida from South Africa. Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 3 (1): 1-37.

Hewitt, J. 1915a. New South Africa Arachnida. Annals of the Natal Museum, 3: 289-327, Table 15.

Hewitt, J. 1915b. Descriptions of new South Africa Arachnida. Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 3: 70-106.

Hewitt, J. 1916. Descriptions of several species of Arachnida in the collection of the Durban Museum. Annals of the Durban Museum, 1: 217-227.

Hewitt, J. 1917. Descriptions of new South African Arachnida. Annals of the Natal Museum, 3: 687-711, Table 47.

Hewitt, J. 1919a. Descriptions of new South Africa Araneae and Solifugae. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 6: 63-111, Tables 1-4.

wHewitt, J. 1919b. A short survey of the Solifugae of South Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 7: 1-76, Tables 1-8.

Hewitt, J. 1919c. Descriptions of new South African Spiders and a Solifuge of the genus Chelypus.  Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 3: 196-215.

Hewitt, L, 1921. On some Lizards and Arachnids of Natal. Annals of the Natal Museum, 3: 55-65.

Hewitt, J.. 1923. On certain South African Arachnida, with descriptions of three new species. Annals of the Natal Museum, 5: 55-66.

Hewitt, J. 1925. Descriptions of some African Arachnids. Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 3 (4): 277-299.

Hewitt, J. 1927. On some new arachnids from South Africa. Records of the Albany Museum, Grahamstown, 3 (5): 416-429.

Hewitt, J. 1931. A new solifuge and scorpion from South-West Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 30: 93-99.

wHewitt, J. 1934. On several solifuges, scorpions, and trap-door spiders from South-West Africa. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 15: 401-412.

wHewitt, J. 1935. Scientific results of the Vernay-Lang Kalahari expedition, March - Sept. 1930. The trap-door spiders, scorpions and solifuges. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 16: 459-479.

Heymons, R. 1902. Biologische Beobachtungen an asiatischen Solifugen, nebst Beiträgen zur Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschafen zu Berlin, 1902: Anhang 1 [pages?].
Translated title: Biological observations on Asian solifuges, together with contributions to the systemics of the same.

Heymons, R. 1904a. Die flügelförmigen Organe (Lateralorgane) der Solifugen und ihre Bedeutung. Sitzungsberichte der Koniglich  Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, 1904: 282-294.
Translated title: The wing-shaped organs (Lateralorgane) of the solifuges and their meaning.

Heymons, R. 1904b. Über die Entwicklungsgeschichte and Morphologie der Solifugen. Proceedings of the International Congress of Zoology, 1904, Pp. 429-436.
Translated title: About the evolution and morphology of the solifuges.

Heymons, R. 1904c. Sur les premières phases du developpement de Galeodes caspius. Proceedings of the International Congress of Zoology, 1904, Pp. 713-718.
Translated title: On the first stages of leg development in Galeodes caspius.

Hilken, G., 1998. Vergleich von Tracheensystemen unter phylogenetischem Aspekt. Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF)37: 5-94.

Hilton, W.A. 1932. Nervous system and sense organs. Solpugida. Pomona College Journal of Entomology and Zoology 24: 52-53

Hingston, R. W. G. 1925. Nature at the Desert's edge. Studies and observations in the Bagdad Oasis. 299 pp.
Author: Richard William George Hingston
Published: Boston : Small, Maynard; London: Witherby.
Call Number: QH88.H56 1925

Hirst, A. S. 1907a. On a new species of Karschia of Tibet.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 7), 19: 322-324.

Hirst, A. S. 1907b. Descriptions of new species of African spiders and Solifugae.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 7), 20: 33-39.

Hirst, A. S. 1908. On some Oriental Solifugae, with descriptions of new forms. Records of the Indian Museum, 2 (3): 241-247.

Hirst, A. S. 1910. On a new genus and species of the order Solifugae from Algeria. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 8), 6: 367-368.

Hirst, A. S. 1911a. Scorpions and Solifugae collected by Captain S. S. Flower in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8), 7: 217-222.

wHirst, A. S. 1911b. On a collection of Arachnida and Chilopoda made by Mr. S. A. Neave in Rhodesia, North of the Zambezi. Memoirs of the Literary and Philosophical Society of Manchester, 56 (2): [Pages?].

Hirst, A. S.1912. Descriptions of new arachnids of the orders Solifugae and Pedipalpi. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8), 9: 229-237.

Hirst, A. S. 1916a. On a new species of Solpuga from the Belgian Congo.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 8), 17: 306-308.

Hirst, A. S. 1916b. On a new species of Solpuga from Zululand.  Annals of the Durban Museum, 1: 228-229.

Höfer, H. and Beck, L. 1995. Die Spinnentierfauna des Regenwaldreservats "Reserva Ducke" in Zentralamazonien I. Natur und Museum 125(12): 389-420

Holmberg, E. L. 1876. Araenidos Argentines. Anal. Agric. Rep. Argent. 4. (Buenos Aires).
Translated title: Argentine spiders.

Holmberg, R.G. and Buckle, D.J. 1982. Preliminary report on the sun-spiders (Arachnida, Solpugida) of Canada. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Alta., 30: 13.

Holmgren, N. 1910. Über die Muskelinsertionen an das Chitin bei den Arthropoden.  Anatomischer Anzeiger, 36: 116-122.
Translated title: Concerning the muskelinsertionen on the chitin in the arthropods.

Holmgren, N. 1916. Zur vergleichenden anatomie des gehirns von polychaeten, onychophoren, xiphosuren, arachniden, crustaceen, myriapoden und insekten. Vorstudien zu einer phylogenie der anthropoden, von dr. Nils Holmgren. Svenska Vetenskapsakademien, Stockholm Handlingar. Series 2. v.56 no.1, 303 pp, 12 plates.
Translated title: On the comparative anatomy of the brain of polychaetes, onychophorans, xiphosurans, arachnids, crustaceans, myriapods and insects.
Author: Nils Fritiof Holmgren (1877-1954)
Published: Stockholm, Almqvist & Wiksells boktryckeri-a.-b., 1916.

Hounsome, M.V. 1980. The terrestrial fauna (excluding birds and insects) of Little Cayman. In: Stoddart, D.R. and Giglioli, M.E.C. (eds), Geography and ecology of Little Cayman, vol. 241: 81-90. Smithsonian Institution: Washington D.C.

Howard, L.O. 1917. An active ant-killer (Arachn., Solpugid.). Entomological News 28(7): 310.

Hull-Williams, V. 1988. Solifugids captive management and identification. Journal of the British Tarantula Society 4(2): 7-9.

Hutton, T. 1842.On Galeodes (vorax?).  In: Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 11(2): [Pages?].

Hutton, T.1843. Observations on the habits of a large species of Galeodes (vorax). The Annals and Magagazine of Natural History, 12: 81.

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature 1995. Opinion 1820. A.A.H. Lichtenstein's (1796, 1797) Catalogus musei zoologici ... Sectio Tertia. Continens Insecta and D.H. Schneider's (1800) Verzeichniss einer Parthei Insekten ...: suppressed, with conservation of some Lichtenstein (1796) names (Insecta and Arachnida). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 52: 283-285.

wIrish, J. 1985. Zoological types in the State Museum. Cimbebasia A7(8): 107-132. (only 107-110)

Ivie, M. A. 1988. Distribution of Eremobates pallipes (Say) in Montana (Arachnida: Solpugida). Proceedings of the Montana Academy of Sciences, 48: 41-46.

Janetschek, 1957. Das selsamelte Tier Tirols. Palpenläufer (Arachn., Palpigradida): Stellung, Verbreitung, Arten, Bibliographie. In Festschrift zum 50 jähringen Bestand der Kufsteiner Mittelschule 1907-1957. Kufsteiner Buch Bd. 3 (Schlern-Schr. Bd. 158). Univ. Verlag Wagner. S. 192-214

Jawarowski, A. 1891. Über die Extremitäten bei den Embryonen der Arachniden und Insekten.  Zoologischer Anzeiger, 14: 164-169 and 173-176.
Translated title: On the extremities of the embryos of arachnids and insects.

Jaworowski, A. 1897a. Are the Arthropoda a natural group?  Natural Science, 10: 105-108.

Jaworowski, A. 1897b. Zu meiner Extremitäten- und Kiementheorie bei den Arthropoden. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 20: 177-184.
Translated title: On my extremities-theory and gill-theory in the arthropods.

Junqua, C. 1957. Aspects histologiques du système nerveux d'un solifuge. Note préliminaire. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 82: 136-138.

Junqua, C. 1958. Observations preliminaires sur la mue et la croissance chez les solifuges. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 83: 262-264.
Translated title: Preliminary observations on the molt and the growth of solifuges.

Junqua, C. 1961. Etude de l'organe adhésif des solifuges. Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afr. 52: 118-124.

Junqua, C. 1962. Donnees sur la reproduction d'un solifuge: Othoes saharae Panouse. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 255: 2673-2675.
Translated title: Data on the reproduction of a solifuge: Othoes saharae Panouse.

Junqua, C. 1963. Sur l'existence de glandes endocrines protocérébrales chez Othoes saharae Panouse (Arachnides, Solifuges). Comptes Rendu Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences, Paris 257(17): 3762-3765.

Junqua, C. 1966. Recherches biologiques et histophysiologiques sur un solifuge saharien Othoes saharae Panouse. Mémoires du Musée d'Histoire Naturelle, (NS), série A, zoologie, 43: 1-124.
Translated title: Biological and histophysiological research on the Saharan solifuge Othoes saharae Panouse.

Karsch, F. 1879. Sieben neue Spinnen von Sta. Martha. Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung, 40: 106-109.
Translated title: Seven new spiders from Sta. Martha.

wKarsch, F. 1880. Zur Kenntnis der Galeodiden. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, 46 (1): 228-243.
Translated title: Towards the knowledge of the solpugids.

Karsch, F. 1881. Verzeichnis der während der Rohlfsehen afrikanischen Expedition erbeuteten Myriopoden und Arachniden. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, 47 (1): 1-14.
Translated title: Myriapods and arachnids collected during the Rohlfsehen African expedition.

Karsch, F. 1885. Verzeichnis der von Dr. G. A. Fischer auf der im Auftrage der geographischen Gesellschaft in Hamburg unternommen Reise in das Massai-Land gesammelten Myriopoden und Arachnoiden. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 2: 131-139.
Translated title: List of the myriapods and arachnids collected on Dr. G. A. Fischer's trip to Masai-Land undertaken in the service of the Geographical Society of Hamburg.

Kassianow, N. 1914. Die Frage über den Ursprung der Arachnoideen lungen aus den Merostomen - Kiemen (Limulus-Theorie). Biologisches Centralblatt, 34: 8-46, 108-149, 170-213, and 221-247.
Translated title: The question concerning the origin of the lungs of the Arachnoidea from the gills of the Merostomata (Limulus theory).

Kästner, A. 1931a. Die Hüfte und ihre Umformung zu Mundwerkzeugen bei den Arachniden. Zeitschrift fèur Morphologie und èOkologie der Tiere, 22 (4): 722-758.
Translated title: The [hüfte] and its coversion to a feeding apparatus in the arachnids.

Kästner, A. 1931b. Arachnida. 356-387. In 'Handwörterbuch der Naturwissenschaften. 2. Auflage.') Vol. 1. (Verlag von Gustav Fischer: Jena.)

Kästner, A. 1932a. Über die Gliederung der Solifugae (Arachnida). Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere 24: 342-358.

Kästner, A. 1932b. 6. Ordnung der Arachnida: Solifugae Sundevall, Walzenspinnen. In 'Handbuch der Zoologie.'. (Kükenthal, W. Ed.). Band 3, Hälfte 2,: Lief. 4, Teil 2: 193-299 (Walter de Gruyter und Co.: Berlin.)

Kästner, A. (1933-1935). Solifugae Sundevall, Walzenspinnen. In Kukenthal, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie, vol. 3 (2) (6): 193-299. Walter de Gruyter & Co.: Berlin und Leipzig.

Kästner, A. 1939c. Solifugae Sundevall, Walzenspinnen. In Kükenthal, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie, vol. 3 (3) (3): 186-187. Walter de Gruyter & Co.: Berlin und Leipzig.

Kästner, A. 1940. Arachnida. In Kükenthal, W. (ed.), Handbuch der Zoologie, vol. 3 (2) (1): 97-116. Walter de Gruyter & Co.: Berlin und Leipzig.

Kästner, A. 1952a. Über zwei Entwicklungstadien von Solifugen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 149(1-2): 8-20.

Kästner, A. 1952b. Zur Entwicklungsgeschichte des Prosoma der Solifugen. Zoologischer Anzeiger 148 (5/8): 156-168.

Kästner, A. 1956. Wirbellose. In Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie, vol. 1(3): 485-658. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

Kästner, A. 1965. Wirbellose. In Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie, 2nd edition. Gustav Fischer: Jena.

Kästner [Kaestner], A. 1968. Arthropod relatives, Chelicerata, Myriapoda. In 'Invertebrate Zoology. Vol. 2 (John Wiley & Sons: New York.)

Kästner [Kaestner], A. 1969. Wirbellose. In Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie, 3rd edition, vol. 1. Gustav Fischer: Stuttgart.

Kaup, I.J. 1837a. 'Das Thierreich in seinem Hauptformen'. Vol. 3. (Publisher?: Darmstadt.)

Keferstein, A. 1837b. 'Naturgeschichte der Schädlichen Insecten'. Vol. 1. (Publisher?: Erfurt.)

Kennel, J. von. 1889. Die Ableitung zunächst der sog. einfachen Augen der Arthropoden, nämlich der Stemmata der Insektenlarven, Spinnen, Scorpioniden, etc. von den Augen der Anneliden. Sitzungsberichte der Naturforscher-Gesellschaft zu Dorpat, 8: 405-406.
Translated title: The origin of the so-called simple eyes of the arthropods, namely the stemmata of the insect larvae, spiders, scorpions, etc., from the eyes of the annelids.

Kerzhner, I.M. 1994. A.A.H. Lichtenstein's (1796, 1797) Catalogus musei zoologici ... Sectio tertia. Continens Insecta and D.H. Schneider's (1800) Verzeichniss einer Parthei Insekten ...: proposed suppression, with conservation of some Lichtenstein (1796) names (Insecta and Arachnida). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 51: 108-115.

Kirby, W. and Spence, W. 1815. 'An Introduction to Entomology; or Elements of the Natural History of Insects'. Vol. 1. (Publisher?: London.)

Kittary, M. 1848. Anatomische Untersuchung der gemeinen (Galeodes araneoides) und der furchtlosen (Galeodes intrepidus) Solpuga. Bulletin de la Sociâetâe impâeriale des naturalistes de Moscou, 21 (4): 307-371, Tables 6-8.
Translated title: Anatomical examination of the mean (Galeodes araneoides) and the fearless (Galeodes intrepidus) Solpuga.

wKlann, A., Peretti, A.V., and Alberti, G. 2005. Ultrastructure of male genital system and spermatozoa of a Mexican camel-spider of the Eremobates pallipes group (Arachnida: Solifugae). Journal of Arachnology 33: 613-622. Adobe PDF icon

Klausnitzer, B. 1984. Haltung von Walzenspinnen (Solifugae). Entomologische Nachrichten und Berichte 28(3): 137-138.

Kleinsteuber, E. 1989. Kleintiere im Terrarium. Wirbellose halten, züchten, kennenlernen. Urania-Verlag: Leipzig, Jena, Berlin. 192 p.

Kobakhidze, D.N. 1949. Materialy k izucheniyu sol'pugofauny okrestnostei gor. Tbilisi [Materials on study of the solpugid fauna of near Tbilisi]. Trudy Tbilisskogo Gos. Pedagogicheskogo Instituta im. Pushkina 6: 299-301. (in Russian)

Kobert, R., 1901. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Ciftspinnen. Stuttgart: Verlag von Ferdinand Enke. I-VIII, 1-191 p.

Koch, C. L. 1836. Die Arachniden, Getreu nach der Natur abgebildet und beschrieben. 3: 1-119.
Translated title: The arachnids, portrayed and described according to their true nature. [Title varies with volume].
Author: Carl Ludwig Koch (1778-1857).
Published: Nèurnberg, In der C. H. Zeh'schen Buchhandlung, 1831-48 . Sixteen volumes.

Koch, C. L. 1839. Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. 2: 1-38nTranslated title: Overview of the arachnid systems.
Author: Carl Ludwig Koch (1778-1857).
Published: Nèurnberg, C.H. Zeh, 1837-50. Five volumes.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL451.K6
Solpugid references: Fascicle 2.

Koch, C. L. 1842. Systematische Übersicht über die Familie der Galeoden. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, 8: 350-356.
Translated title: Systematic overview of the families of solpugids.

Koch, C.L. 1848. Die Arachniden. Getreu nach der Natur Abgebildet und Beschrieben. 15: 1-136. (J.L. Lotzbeck: Nürnberg.)

Koch, C.L. 1850. Übersicht des Arachnidensystems. 5: 1-104. (J.L. Lotzbeck: Nürnberg.)

Koch, L. 1856. Arachnoidea. In: Rosenhauer, W. G.  Die Thiere Andalusiens nach dem Resultate einer Reise zusammengestellt, nebst den Beschreibungen von 249 neuen oder his jetzt noch unbeschriebenen Gattungen und Arten. 429 pp., 3 plates.
Translated title: Arachnids. In: Rosenhauer, W. G. The results of a journey to compile the Fauna of Andalusia, together with the descriptions of 249 new or previously unknown genera and species.
Author: Wilhelm Gottlob Rosenhauer (1813-1881) [Ludwig Koch (1825-1908)]
Published: Erlangen: T. Blaesing, 1856.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL482.A2

Koch, L. 1878. Kaukasische Arachniden. Pp. 36-71, Table 1 and 2. In: 0. Schneider. 1878. Naturwissenschaftliche Beitrèage zur Kenntniss der Kaukasuslèander : auf Grund seiner Sammelbeute / herausgegeben von Oscar Schneider. 160pp.
Translated title: Caucasian arachnids. In: 0. Schneider's Scientific Contributions to the Knowledge of the Caucases.
Author: Oskar Schneider (1841-1903). [Ludwig Koch (1825-1908)]
Published: Dresden : Im Verlage der Burdach'schen Hofbuchhandlung, 1878.
Library of Congress Call No.: QH161.N38

Kok, O.B., Kok, A.C. and Van, E.C.A. 2000. Diet of the migrant Lesser Kestrels Falco naumanni in their winter quarters in South Africa. Acta Ornithologica Warsaw 35(2): 147-151.

Komposch, Ch. 2002. Spinnen, Weberknechte, Skorpione und Walzenspinnen aus dem Iran (Arachnida: Araneae, Opiliones, Scorpiones, Solifugae). In: Gutleb, B. & Ch. Wieser. Ergebnisse einer zoologischen Exkursion in den Nordiran, 2001. Carinthia II, 192./112.: 98-103.

Kopij, G., De, S.D.H. and Nuttall, R.N. 2000. Diet of seven coraciiform species (Coraciiformes) in South Africa. Acta Ornithologica Warsaw 35(2): 207-209.

Kopij, G. 1999. Breeding ecology of the Fiscal Shrike Lanius collaris in a peri-urban environment in Bloemfontein, South Africa. Navorsinge van die Nasionale Museum Bloemfontein 15(3): 45-63.

Korschelt, E. 1936. 'Vergleichende Entwicklungssgeschichte der Tiere'. Vol. 2. 2nd edition. (Fischer: Jena.)

Korschelt, E. and Heider, K. 1892. Lehrbuch der vergleichenden Entwicklungsgeschichte der wirbellosen Tiere. Spezieller Teil, Heft 2. Jena.
Translated title: Text-book of the embryology of invertebrates, by Dr. E. Korschelt ... [and] Dr. K. Heider ..
Author: Eugen Korschelt (1858-?) and Karl Heider (1856-1935)
Published (Translation): London, S. Sonnenschein and co., ltd.; New York, The Macmillan co., 1895-1900. Volumes 3-4 translated by Matilda Bernard, reviewed and edited by Martin F. Woodward.
Call No.: QL958.K81 (University of Chicago)
Solpugid references: Vol. 3. Arachnida, Pentastomidae, Pantopoda, Tardigrada, Onychophora, Myriopoda, Insecta.

Kovařík, F. 1993. Solifugy. Akvárium Terárium 36: 19-21. (in Czech)

Kovařík, F. 1998. Jak zabít solifugu? Akvárium Terárium 41: 43-46. (in Czech)

Kovařík, F. 2006. Svět sklípkanů. Madagaskar: Jihlava. 1-232. (in Czech)

Kovařík, F. and Kholová, H. 1997. Strašidelní noční lovci. ABC 42(7): 6-7. (in Czech)

Kowalewsky, A. 1889. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Exkretionsorgane. Biologisches Centralblatt, 9. Translated title: A contribution to the knowledge of the excretory organs.

Kowalewsky, A. 1892. Sur les organes excréteurs des Arthropodes terrestres. Congrès International de. Zoologie, 1892. Vol. 1: 187-235. Laschkevitsch, Znamensky et Cie: Moscou
Translated title: On the excretory organs of terrestrial arthropods.

Kraepelin, K. 1899a. Zur systematik der Solifugen. Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg, 16 Jahrgang: 197-259.
Translated title: On the systematics of the solifuges.

Kraepelin, K. (1899b). Catalogue des Solifuges (?) des collections du Museum d'histoire Naturelle de Paris. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 5: 376-378.

Kraepelin, R. 1900. Über einige neue Gliederspinnen. Abhandlungen und Verhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg, Vol. 16 (1): 4.
Translated title: Concerning some new solifuges.

Kraepelin, K. 1901. Palpigradi und Solifugae. Heft 12, Pp. xi + 1-159 in Das Tierreich. Eine Zusammenstellung und Kennzeichnung der rezenten Tierformen.Adobe PDF icon
Author: Karl Matthias Friedrich Kraepelin (1848-1915).
Title: Palpigradi und Solifugae.
Published: Weinheim, Germany: Cramer, 1965 [Republication].
Note: this citation is for the 1965 Cramer republication; the original work, published in Leipzig, Germany, varies slightly in the title of the series.

Kraepelin, K. 1903. Scorpione und Solifugen Nordost-Afrikas, gesammelt 1900 und 1901 von Carlo Freihern von Erlanger und Oscar Neumann. Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung fèur Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 18: 557-578.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifuges of northeast Africa, collected in 1900 and 1901 by Carlo Freihern von Erlanger and Oscar Neumann.

wKraepelin, K. 1908a. Die sekundaren Geschlechtscharaktere der Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen. Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 25: 181-225.
Translated title: The secondary sexual characteristics of the scorpions, pedipalpi and solifuges.

wKraepelin, K. 1908b. Skorpione und Solifugen. In: Schultze, L. (editor). 1908. Zoologische und anthropologische Ergebnisse e Forschungsreise in Sudafrika. Denkschriften der Medicinisch-naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena, 13: 247-282.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifuges. In: Schultze, L. (editor). 1908. Zoological and anthropological results of an expedition in South-Africa.

Kraepelin, K. 1908c. Ordre des Solifuges. Pp. 579-589 in Bouvier, E. L., Arachnides du Zambèze et des grands lacs in Foáa, E. 1908. Résultats scientifiques des voyages en Afrique d'Edouard Foà. xli + 742 pp.
Translated title: Solifuges in Arachnids of the Zambesi and the great lakes in Scientific results of the journeys in Africa of Edward Foà.
Book title: Râesultats scientifiques des voyages en Afrique d'âEdouard Foáa
Author: Foáa, Edouard, 1862-1901.
Published: Paris : Impr. nationale, 1908.
Call Number: Q115 .F63

Kraepelin, K. 1911. Beiträge zur Systematik der Gliederspinnen.  Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten/Mitteilungen aus dem Naturhistorischen Museum in Hamburg, 28 (2): 57-107 (57,98-107).
Translated title: Contributions to the systematics of solifugids.

Kraepelin, K. 1914a. Neue Beiträge zur Systematik der Gliederspinnen. B. Die Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen Deutsch-Ost-Afrikas.  Jahrbuch der Hamburgischen Wissenschaftlichen Anstalten, 30 (2): 123-196.
Translated title: New contributions to the systematics of the solifugids. B. The scorpions, Pedipalpi and solifuges of German East Africa.

Kraepelin, K. 1914b. Skorpiones und Solifugae. Vol. 1, pp. 107-136 in: Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Land--und Sèusswasserfauna Deutsch-Sèudwestafrikas Ergebnisse der Hamburger deutsch-sèudwestafrikanischen Studienreise 1911 herausgegeben von W. Michaelsen. Two volumes.
Translated title: Scorpiones und Solifugae...in...Contributions to the knowledge of the land and fresh-water fauna of German Southwest Africa.
Published: Hamburg (Hamburger deutsch-sèudwestafrikanische Studienreise 1911), 1914-1928.
ISBN/ISSN: 9922552000

wKraepelin, K. 1929. Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen der Zweiten Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1910-1911. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, Hamburg, 22:85-91.
Translated title: Scorpions, Pedipalpen and Solifugen of the second German central-African expedition 1910-1911.

Krantz, G.W. 1975. A manual of acarology. Oregon State University Book Stores: Corvallis.

Krantz, G.W. 1978. A manual of acarology, 2nd edition. Oregon State University Book Stores: Corvallis. 5-9

Kraus, O. 1956. Neue Solifugen aus Sudwest-Afrika (Arach.). Senckenbergiana Biologica, 37: 421-423.
Translated title: New solifuges from Southwest Africa.

wKraus, O. 1959. Solifugen aus dem Iran (Arach.). Senckenbergiana Biologica, Vol. 40: 93-98.
Translated title: Solifuges from Iran.

Kraus, O. 1963a. Carl-Friedrich Roewer, 1881-1963. Senckenbergiana Biologica 44(6): 553-562.

Kraus, O. 1963b. Carl-Friedrich Roewer, 1881-1963. Natur und Museum 93(9): 392-393.

wKraus, O. 1966. Solifugen aus Chile (Arach.). Senckenbergiana Biologica, 47(3): 181-184.
Translated title: Solifuges from Chile.

Kraus , O. 1976. Zur phylogenetischen Stellung und Evolution der Chelicerata. Entomologica germanica, 3: 1-12.
Translated title: On the phylogenetic position and evolution of the Chelicerata.

Krishnakumaran, A. 1962. A comparative study of the cuticle in Arachnida. I. Structure and staining properties. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abteilung für Systematik, Ökologie und Geographie der Tiere 80(1): 49-64.

Kukashev, D.Sh., 1992. O vragakh strekoz (Insecta, Odonata) v biozenozakh Kazakhstana [On the enemies of dragons-fly (Insecta, Odonata) in biocenoses of Kazakhstan]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Respubliki Kazakhstan, Seriya Biologicheskaya, No. 1, Almaty: 68-70 [in Russian].

Kumar, R., Lavigne, R.J. et al. 1976. Insects of the Central Plains Experiment Range, Pawnee National Grassland.  Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Wyoming: Laramie.

Kury, A. and Nogueira, A.L.C. 1999. Annotated check list of type specimens of Arachnida in the Museu Nacional - Rio de Janeiro. I. Scorpiones, Pseudoscorpiones and Solifugae. Publicaçхes Avulsas do Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro 77: 1-19.

Kuznetsov, G.T., 1985. K ekologii paukov Eresus niger Pet. i Lithyphantes paykullionus Walck.(Aranei, Eresidae, Theridiidae) na yuge Turkmenistana [On the ecology of the spiders Eresus niger Pet. and Lithyphantes paykullionus Walck. (Aranei; Eresidae Theridiidae) in South Turkmenistan]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Turkmenskoi SSR, Seriya Biologicheskaya, No. 6, Ashkhabad: 70-72 [in Russian].

Lamarck, J, B. de. 1801. Systáeme des animaux sans vertáebres. Paris. viii + 432 pp.
Full Title: Systáeme des animaux sans vertáebres; ou, Tableau gâenâeral des classes, des ordres, et des genres de ces animaux. Prâesentant leurs caractáeres essentiels et leur distribution, d'apráes la considâeration de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement âetabli dans les galeries du Musâeum d'hist. naturelle, parmi leurs dâepouilles conservâees. Prâecâedâe du discours d'ouverture du cours de zoologie, donnâe dans le Musâeum national d'histoire naturelle l'an 8 de la Râepublique.
Translated title: System of animals without vertebrae, etc.
Author: Jean Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck (1744-1829).
Published: Paris, France: Chez Deterville, 1801.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL362.L22

Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de.1818. 'Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres, présentant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une introduction offrant la determination des caractères essentiels de l'animal, sa distinction du végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la zoologie'. Vol. 5. (Verdière, libr.: Paris.). [4], 1-612 pp.

Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de. 1838. 'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres'. Vol. 5. 2nd edition. (J.B. Baillière: Paris.)

Lamarck, J.B.P.A. de. 1839. 'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres'. 3rd edition. (Meline: Bruxelles.)

Lameere,  A. 1891. Sur l'unité d'origine du type Arthropode.  Comptes-rendus des sâeances de la Sociâetâe entomologique de Belgiquem, [Series?]: 4 (9): 125,126.
Translated title: On the unit of origin of the Arthropod type.

Lamoral, B. H. 1972. New and little known scorpions and solifuges from the Namib desert, South West Africa. Madoqua, Series 2, 1:117-131.

wLamoral, B. H. 1973. The arachnid fauna of the Kalahari Gemsbok National Park. Part I. A revision of the "mole solifuges" of the genus Chelypus Purcell, 1901 (Family Hexisopodidae). Koedoe, 16: 83-102.

wLamoral, B. H. 1974.  Blossiola pringlei, a new solifuge from the northern Cape Province of South Africa (Daesiidae, Solifugae).  Annals of the Natal Museum 22:  265-269.

Lamoral, B.H. 1975. The structure and possible function of the flagellum in four species of male solifuges of the family Solpugidae. In 'Proceedings of the 6th International Arachnological Congress.'. ): 136-141 (Vrije Universiteit of Amsterdam: Amsterdam.)

Lampe, E. 1918. Katalog der Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen des Naturhist. Mus. der Residenzstadt Wiesbaden. Jahrbèucher des Nassauischen Vereins fèur Naturkunde Utgivning (Wiesbaden), 70: 185-208.
Translated title: Catalog of the scorpions, Pedipalpi and solifuges of the Natural History Musem of the city of Wiesbaden.

Lankester, E. R. 1904. Structure of the Arachnida. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (n. s.), 48 (2): 165-269.

Latreille, P.A. 1796. 'Précis des caractères génériques des insectes, disposés dans un ordre naturel'. (F. Bordeaux: Brive.). I-XIV, 1-201, [7] pp., 1 p. with tab.

Latreille, P., A. 1802. Histoire naturelle, gâenâerale et particuliáere des crustacâes et des insectes : ouvrage faisant suite aux oeuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du cours complet d'histoire naturelle râedigâe par C. S. Sonnini. Paris. Volume 1.
Translated title:  General and particular natural history of crustaceans and insects...
Author: Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833).
Published: Paris : F. Dufart, 1802-1805.  Fourteen volumes, atlas.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL435.L380.

Latreille, P., A. 1804. Histoire naturelle, gâenâerale et particuliáere des crustacâes et des insectes : ouvrage faisant suite aux oeuvres de Leclerc de Buffon, et partie du cours complet d'histoire naturelle râedigâe par C. S. Sonnini. Paris. Volume 7.
Translated title:  General and particular natural history of crustaceans and insects...
Author: Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833).
Published: Paris : F. Dufart, 1802-1805.  Fourteen volumes, atlas.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL435.L380.

Latreille, P. A. 1806. Genera crustaceorum et insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque plurimis explicata. Parisiis et Argentorati. Volume 1.
Author: Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833).
Published: Parisiis, Argentorati, A. K¶nig, 1806-09. Four volumes.
Call No.: QL434.L36 (Cornell University)
Solpugid references: Vol. 1: 303.

Latreille, P., A. 1817a. Galéode.  In: Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, appliquâee aux arts, áa l'agriculture, áa l'âeconomie rurale et domestique, áa la mâedecine, etc. Par une sociâetâe de naturalistes et d'agriculteurs. Second edition. Volume 12: 368-374.
Author: Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833).
Translated title: Spiders. In: New Dictionary of Natural history... by a Society of Naturalists and Agriculturists. Second edition.
Published: Paris, France: Chez Deterville, 1816-1819.  36 volumes.
Library of Congress Call No.: QH13.N3
Solpugid references: Volume 12.

Latreille, P.A. 1817b. Arachnides. In 'Le règne animal distribué d'après son organisation, pour servir de base à l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction a l'anatomie comparée: Avec figures, dessinées d'après nature'. (Cuvier, G. Ed.). Vol. 3. 1st edition. Contenant les crustacés, les arachnides et les insectes. (Deterville: Paris.). I-XXX, 1-653 pp.

Latreille, P.A. 1818a. 'Nouvelle Dictionnaire d'Histoire Naturelle, Appliquée aux Arts, a l'Agriculture, a l'économie Rurale et Domestique'. Vol. 26. (?: Paris.)

Latreille, P.A. 1818b. 'Tableau Encyclopédique et Méthodique des Trois Règnes de la Nature'. (?: Paris.)

Latreille, P., A. 1825. Familles naturelles du ráegne animal, exposâees succinctement et dans un ordre analytique, avec l'indication de leurs genres. 570 pp.
Translated title: Natural families of the animal kingdom, exposed succintly and in an analytical order, with the indication of their genera.
Author: Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833).
Published: Paris, France: J. B. Bailliáere, 1825.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL45.L36

Latreille, P.A. 1827. 'Natürliche Familien des Thierreichs, aus dem Franzöischen, mit Anmerkungen und Zusätzen von Dr. Arnold Berthold'. (?: Weimar.)

Latreille, P. A. 1829. Vol. 4. Les crustacés, arachnides et partie des insectes, par M. Latreille. In Cuvier, G. 1829-30. Le ráegne animal distribuâe d'apráes son organisation, pour servir de base áa l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction áa l'anatomie comparâee, par M. le cher, Cuvier ... Avec figures, dessinâees d'apráes nature. Second edition. Five volumes.
Translated title: The crustaceans, arachnids and part of the insects, by M. Latreille. In Cuvier, G. 1829-30. The animal Kingdom, arranged in conformity with its organization by baron Cuvier... 2nd edition.
Author: Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) [Pierre Andrâe Latreille (1762-1833)]
Published: Paris, Deterville, 1829-30.
Library of Congress Call No.: QL45.C94 (University of Chicago Library)
Note: Translated version published (London: G. B. Whittaker, 1827-1833). Translation by Eward Griffith (1790-1858). Call No. QL45.C94
Solpugid references: Vol. 4

Latreille, P.A. 1831. 'Cours d'Entomologie, ou de l'Histoire naturelle de Crustacées, des Arachnides'. (?: Paris.)

Latreille, P.A. 1837. In 'The Animal Kingdom'. (Cuvier, G. Ed.). Vol. 3 (G. Henderson: London.)

Launoy, L. 1903. Contribution à l étude des phénoménes nucléaires de la sécrétion. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie., Series 9, 18: 1-224.
Translated title: Contribution to a survey of the nuclear phenomena of secretion.

wLawrence, R. F. 1927. Contributions to a knowledge of the fauna of South West Africa. V. Arachnida. Annals of the South African Museum, 25: 1-75, Tables 1-4.

wLawrence, R. F. 1928. Contributions to a knowledge of the Fauna of South-West Africa. Annals of the South African Museum, 25 (2): 217-312, Tables 21-24.

wLawrence, R. F. 1929. New South African Solifugae. Annals of the South African Museum, 29: 153-179.

wLawrence, R. F. 1931. New South African Solifugae. Annals of the South African Museum, 30 (1): 131-136.

wLawrence, R.F. 1935a. New South African Solifugae. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 23(1): 71-90.

wLawrence, R.F. 1935b. New species of Solifugae in the collection of the Transvaal Museum. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 15: 505-512.

Lawrence, R.F. 1937. A collection of Arachnida from Zululand. Annals of the Natal Museum 8(2): 211-273.

wLawrence, R. F. 1938. The arachnida of the Transvaal Museum Expedition to South Rhodesia, Nov.-Dec. 1937. Scorpions and Solifugae.  Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 19: 289-296.

wLawrence, R.F. 1942. A collection of scorpions and solifuges in the Transvaal Museum, with notes on two Natal solifuges. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 20: 399-408.

Lawrence, R.F. 1943a. Die lewe van di jagspinnekop. Soek-en Leer-reeks 3: 86-100.

Lawrence, R. F. 1943b. Die spinnekoppe, jagspinnekoppe en skerpioene van ons land. Soek-en leer-reeks, 130 pp.
Author: Reginald Fredrick Lawrence, 1898-?
Title: Die spinnekoppe, jagspinnekoppe en skerpioene van ons land. Published: Beperk, Voortrekkerpers, 1943.
Series: Soek- en Leer-Reeks. No. III
Call Number: QL453.S33 L3

wLawrence, R. F. 1945. A collection of scorpions and solifuges in the Transvaal Museum, with notes on two Natal solifuges.  Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 20: 399-408.

wLawrence, R.F. 1947a. Some observations on the eggs and newly hatched embryos of Solpuga hostilis White (Arachnida). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 117: 429-434.

wLawrence, R.F. 1947. A collection of Arachnida made by Dr. I. Trägardh in Natal and Zululand (1904-1905). Göteborgs Kungl. Vetenskaps- och Vitterhetssamhälles Handlingar (B) 5(9): 1-41.

wLawrence, R. F. 1949a. Observations on the habits of a female solifuge, Solpuga caffra Pocock. Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 21 (2): 197-200.

wLawrence, R.F. 1949b. New species of Solifugae in the collection of the Transvaal Museum. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 21: 201-208.

Lawrence, R.F. 1952. The unequal distribution of some invertebrate animals in South Africa. South African Journal of Science [Suid-Afrikaanse Joernaal van Wetenskap] 48: 308-310.

wLawrence, R. F.  1953.  A collection of African Solifugae in the British Museum (Natural History).  Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 122: 955-972.

wLawrence, R.F. 1954a. Fluorescence in Arthropoda. Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 17: 167-170. 

wLawrence, R.F. 1954b. Some Solifugae in the collection of the British Museum (Natural History). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 124 (1): 111-124.

Lawrence, R. F. 1955. Solifugae, Scorpions, and Pedipalpi, with checklists and keys to the South African families, genera, and species. South African Animal Life, 1:152-262.

wLawrence, R. F. 1956. The 3rd Danish expedition to central Asia. Zoological results 20. Solifugae (Chelicerata) from Afghanistan. Videnskabelige meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 118: 115-140.

wLawrence, R.F. 1959. A collection of Arachnida and Myriopoda from the Transvaal Museum. Annals of the Transvaal Museum 23: 363-386.

wLawrence, R.F. 1960a. The Solifugae (Arachnida) of Angola. Companhia de Diamantes de Angola, Publiçacхes Culturais 51: 109-127.

Lawrence, R.F. 1960b. Some observations on the arachnid fauna of South West Africa. South African Museums Association Bulletin 7: 67-72.

Lawrence, R. F. 1961. New scorpions and solifuges from South West Africa and Angola. Kungliga Fysiografiska sallskapets i lund forhandlingar, 31:147-160.

wLawrence, R. F. 1962a. Solifuges, Scorpions and Chilopoda of the Namib Desert.  Annals of the Transvaal Museum, 24: 213-222.

Lawrence, R.F. 1962b. A new South African solifuge (Arachnida), with notes on some known species. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 36 (4): 197-203.

wLawrence, R.F. 1962c. The significance of cave-living animals in the study of zoogeography. Annals of the Cape Province Museum 2: 206-211.

wLawrence, R.F. 1963a. The Solifugae of South West Africa. Cimbebasia 8: 1-28.

Lawrence, R.F. 1963b. New Solifugae (Arachnida) from the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (13) 6: 529-535

wLawrence, R. F. 1964a. The Solifugae, Scorpions and Pedipalpi of the Kruger National Park. Koedoe, 7: 30-39.

wLawrence, R.F. 1964b. Four new South African Solifugae (Arachnida). Journal of the Entomological Society of Southern Africa 26: 355-365.

Lawrence, R.F. 1965a. Some new or little known Solifugae from southern Africa. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 144: 47-59.

wLawrence, R.F. 1965b. New and little known Arachnida from the Namib Desert, S.W. Africa. Scientific Papers of the Namib Desert Research Station 27: 1-12.

wLawrence, R.F. 1965c. Sun-spiders. Animals, London 6: 232-235.

wLawrence, R. F. 1966a. New and little known scorpions and solifuges from the Namib desert and South West Africa. Scientific papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 29: 5-7.

wLawrence, R. F. 1966b. Two new Solifugae (Arachnida) from Algerian North Africa. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Series 2, 37(1965): 983-988.

wLawrence, R. F. 1967a. Additions to the fauna of South West Africa : Solifuges, Scorpions and Pedipalpi. Scientific papers of the Namib Desert Research Station, 34:1-19.

wLawrence, R. F. 1967b. Supplementary list of the Solifugae, Scorpions and Pedipalpi of the Kruger National Park. Koedoe, 10: 82-86.

wLawrence, R.F., 1967c. The life of the sunspider. African Wildlife 21(1): 10-16.

wLawrence, R.F. 1968. A contribution to the solifugid fauna of southern Africa (Arachnida). Annals of the Transvaal Museum 26 (3): 53-77.

Lawrence, R.F. 1969. The trichoid structures on the chelicerae of the short-tailed whip-scorpions (Schizomida; Arachnida). Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 38: 123-132.

wLawrence, R. F. 1972. New psammophilous Solifugae, chiefly from desert regions of the Kalahari and South West Africa. Madoqua, Series 2, 1: 97-116.

wLawrence, R. F. 1973. Some observations on the eggs and newly hatched embryos of Solpuga hostilis White (Arachnida). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 117: 429-434.

Leach, W.E. 1814. Crustaceology. In 'The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia'. (Brewster, D. Ed.). Vol. 7: 383-437 (Blackwood: Edinburgh.)

Leach, W.E. 1815. A tabular view of the external characters of four classes of animals, which Linné arranged under Insecta; with the distribution of the genera composing three of these classes into orders, andc. and descriptions of several new genera and species. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London 11: 306-400.

Leach, W.E. 1816. Annulosa. In 'Encyclopedia Britannica.') Vol. Supplement 1: 401-453 (Publisher?: London.)

Leach, W.E. 1817. The zoological miscellany; being descriptions of new or interesting animals. Vol. 3. Nodder: London.

Leackart, R. 1849. Über den Bau und die Bedeutung der sogenannten Lungen bei den Arachniden.  Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 1: 246-254.
Translated title: On the construction and the meaning of the so-called lungs with the arachnids.

Lebrun, P. 1996. [Cratosolpuga wunderlichi, a first Aptian solifuge from Brazil]. Mineraux et Fossiles 246: 34-35. (in French)

Legendre, R. 1968. Morphologie et development des Chelicerates: Embryologie, Developpement et Anatomie des Xiphosures, Scorpions, Opilions, Palpigrades, Uropyges, Amblypyges, Solifuges et Pycnogonides. Fortschritte der Zoologie, 19: 1-50.
Translated title: Morphology and development of the chelicerates: Embryology, development and anatomy of the xiphosurans, scorpions, opilionids, palpigrades, uropygids, amblypygids, solifuges and pycnogonids.

Legendre, R. 1979. La segmentation de la région antérieure des Arachnides: historique et perspectives actuelles. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 104: 277-287.

Legendre, R. & M.Vachon (Year? Title?). Arachnides: 467-475.

Lendl, A. 1917. Die Muskelfasern der Arachniden. Annales historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, 25: 229-275, Tables 1-9.
Translated title: The muscle-fibers of the arachnids.

Leuckart, R. 1849. Über den Bau und die Bedeutung der sogenannten Lungen bei den Arachniden. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 1: 246-254.

Levi, H.W. 1967. Adaptations of respiratory systems of spiders. Evolution 21: 571-583.

Levi, H.W. and Levi, L.R., 1968. Spiders and their kin. Golden Press: New York.

Levi, H.W., Levi, L.R. and Zim, H.S., 1968. A guide to spiders and their kin. A golden nature guide. Golden Press: New York. 1-160 pp.

wLevy, G. and Shulov, A. 1964. The Solifuga of Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 13: 102-120.

Lewis, R. T. 1912. Notes on Solpuga ferox. Journal of the Queckett Microscopical Club, 11: 507-510.

Lichtenstein, A..A.H. 1796. 'Catalogus musei zoologici ditissimi Hamburgi, d. III. Februar. 1796 auctionis lege distrahendi. Sectio Tertia. Continens Insecta'. (Schniebes: Hamburg.)
(a suppressed work, see International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1995)  
Author: Anton August Heinrich Lichtenstein (1753-1816). 
Published: Hamburg, Germany: G.F. Schniebe (1796)
Solpugid references:  Vol. 3: 216-218.

Lichtenstein, A. A.H. and Herbst, J.F.W. 1797a. Naturgeschichte der Insekten-Gattungen Solpuga und Phalangium. Volume 1, I-VIII, 1-88 pp., 6 pp. with illustrations. In: Herbst, J. F. W., Natursystem der ungeflügelten Insekten.
Translated title (likely truncated): Classification of the unwinged insects.
Author: Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst (1743-1807) [Anton August Heinrich Lichtenstein (1753-1816)]. 
Published: Berlin : G.A. Lange, 1797-1800. One volume (four parts).
Library of Congress Call No.: QL451.H47
Note: Natursystem series is authored by Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Herbst (1743-1807).]

Lichtenstein, A.A.H. 1797b. 'Catalogus musei zoologici ditissimi Hamburgi, d. 16 Majus 1797 auctionis lege distrahendi. Sectio Tertia. Continens Insecta'. (Harmson Witwe: Hamburg.) (a suppressed work, see International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1995))

Lighton, J.R.B. and Fielden, L.J. 1996. Gas exchange in wind spiders (Arachnida, Solphugidae [sic]): independent evolution of convergent control strategies in solphugids [sic] and insects. Journal of Insect Physiology 42: 347-357.

Lindquist, E. E. 1984. Current theories on the evolution of major groups of Acari and on their relationships with other groups of Arachnida, with consequent implications for their classification. Pp. 28-62 in: D. A. Griffiths and C. E. Bowman (eds.). Acarology VI, Vol. 1.
Title: Acarology VI
Editors: Donald Alister Griffiths and Clive Edward Bowman.
Publisher: Chichester, England: Horwood; New York, NY: Halsted Press, c1984.
Notes: "Proceedings of the VI International Congress of Acarology held 5-11 September 1982 in ... Edingburgh University Scotland."--
Call Number: QL458 .I57 1984

Linnaeus, C. 1789. 'Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonimis, locis. 13th edition, aucta, reformata. Cura J.F. Gmelin.'. Vol. 1(5). (Apud J.B. Delamolliere: Lugduni). 2225-3020 pp.

Linsenmair, K. E. 1968. Zur Lichtorientierung der Walzenspinnen (Arachnida, Solifugae). Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung für fèur allgemeine Zoologie und Physiologie der Tiere, 74: 254-273.
Translated title: On the light-orientation of the 'walzenspinnen' (Arachnida, Solifugae).

Loman, J. C. C. 1888. Altes und Neues über das Nephridium (die Coxaldrüse) der Arachniden. Bijdragen tot de dierkunde, 14: 89-97.
Translated title: Old and new on the nephridium (the coxal glands) of the arachnids.

Lönnberg, E. 1899. Some biological observations on Galeodes and Buthus. Öfversigt af Kongl. Vetenskaps - Akademiens Förhandlingar, 46: 977-983.

Lönnberg, E. and Neumann, L. G. 1912. Scorpions, Solpugids and Ixodides collected by the Swedish Zoological Expedition to British East Africa, 1911.  Arkiv Foer Zoologi, 7 (24): 1-8.

Loveridge, A. 1923. Notes on East African lizards collected 1920-1923, with the description of two new races of Agama lionotus Blgr. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1923: 935-969.

wLoveridge, A. 1925. Notes on East African Scorpions and Solifugae, collected 1916-1923. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, [Vol.?]: 303-309.

Lucas, H. 1834. Galéode. Galeodes. Olivier. Magasin de Zoologie 5: Classe VIII, Plate 5.

Lucas, H.  1835.  Galéode. Galeodes. Oliv..  Magasin de Zoologie 5: Classe VIII, Plate 11.

Lucas, P. H. 1846 (1849). Histoire naturelle des animaux articulâes. Arachnides, Myriopodes, et Hexapodes de l'Algérie. In Zoologie I of Exploration scientifique de l'Algâerie : pendant les annâees 1840, 1841, 1842 / publiâee par ordre du gouvernement et avec le concours d'une commission acadâemique.
Translated title: Arachnids, myriapods, and hexapods of Algeria. In Zoology of Scientific exploration of Algeria...
Series: Exploration scientifique de l'Algâerie pendant les annâees 1840, 1841, 1842. Paris, 1844-67. Sciences physiques. Zoologie
Author: Pierre Hippolyte Lucas (1815-1899)
Published: Paris : Imprimerie royale, 1844-1867.
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a set.

Lucas, H. 1849. Untitled. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (2) 7: xxxi-xxxii.

Lucas, H. 1856. 'Histoire physique, politique et naturelle de l'ile de Cuba'. Vol. 7. (Publisher?: Paris.)

Lucas, H. 1890. [Title?]. Bulletin de la Sociâetâe entomologique de France, Series 6, 10: 57,58.

Ludwig, M. and Alberti, G. 1990. Peculiarities of arachnid midgut glands.  Acta Zoologica Fennica, 190: 255-259.

Ludwig, M. and Alberti, G. 1992. Ultrastructure and function of the midgut of camel-spiders (Arachnida: Solifugae). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 228: 1-11.

wLudwig, M. and Alberti, G. 1992. Ultrastructure of male genital system and spermatozoa of a Mexican camel-spider of the Eremobates pallipes species group (Arachnida, Solifugae).  The Journal of Arachnology 22: 613-621.  Adobe PDF icon

Macenae, P. 1925. Innocuité de Galeodes olivieri au Maroc. Bulletin de la Sociâetâe de pathologie exotique et de ses filiales, 18: 781-784.
Translated title: [Innocuité] of Galeodes olivieri in Morocco.

Machado, A. 1987. Bibliografía entomológica Canaria (A bibliography of Canary Island entomology). Instituto de Estudos Canarios. Monographía XXXIV. La Palma. 295 p.

MacLeay, W.S. 1821. 'Horae Entomologicae: or Essays on the annulose animals.' Vol. 1(2). Containing an attempt to asceration the rank and situation which the celebrated Egyptian insect, Scarabaeus Sacer, holds among organized beings. (Print. for S. Bagster by Richard and Arthur Taylor: London). 161-524 pp., 3 pp. with ill.

Macleod, J. 1880. La structure des trachées et la circulation péritrachéenne. Mém. cour. au conoours univ. 1878-1879. Bruxelles 1880. Pp. 1-50, Tables 1-4.
Translated title: The structure of tracheae and peritracheal circulation.

Macleod, J. 1882. Recherches sur la structure et la signification de l'appareil respiratoire des Arachnides. Bulletins de l'Academie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique, Series 3, 3: 779-792.
Translated title: Researches on the structure and the significance of the respiratory apparatus of Arachnids.

Macleod, J., 1883. La structure de l'intestin antérieur des Arachnides. Bulletins de l'Academie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique , Series 3, [Vol?]: 377-391.
Translated title: The structure of the foregut in Arachnida.

Macleod, J. 1884a. Recherches sur la structure et la signification de l'appareil respiratoire des Arachnides.  Archives de Biologie, 5: 1-34, Tables 1-2.
Translated title: Researches on the structure and the significance of the respiratory apparatus of Arachnids.

Macleod, J., 1884b. Sur la présence d'une glande coxale chez les Galéodes. Bulletins de l'Academie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique Series 3, [Vol.?]: 655-657.
Translated title: On the presence of a coxal gland in the Galéodes.

Maes, J.-M., Palacios Vargas, J.G. and Jimenez, M.L. 1989. Catalogo de los artropodos terrestres no insectes. Revista Nicaraguense de Entomologia 7: 1-55.

Manavalaramanujam, S. G. 1922. Occurrence of the galeod spider Rhagodes nigrocinctus in the South Arcot District, Madras Presidency. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 28: 814-815.

Manton, S.M. 1968. Terrestrial Arthropoda. In: Gray, J. (ed.), Animal locomotion. Weidenfeld & Nicolson: London.

Manton, S.M. 1973. The evolution of arthropodan locomotory mechanisms. Part 11. Habits, morphology and evolution of the Uniramia (Onychophora, Myriapoda, Hexapoda) and comparisons with the Arachnida, together with a functional review of uniramian musculature. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 53: 257-375.

Manton, S. M. 1977. The Arthropoda:  Habits, Functional Morphology, and Evolution. Carendon Press, Oxford. xx + 527pp.
Author: Sidnie Milana Manton, 1902-
Published: Oxford [Eng.] : Clarendon Press, 1977.
Call Number: QL434 .M36 1977

Manton, S.M. 1978. Habits, functional morphology and evolution of pycnogonids. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 63: 1-21.

Marcano, F. E. de J. 1981. Solpugida en el país. In 'Naturalista Postal.': 178 (Inst. Invets. Zool. Bot.: UASD.)

Marcenac, P. 1925. Innocuité de Galeodes olivieri au Maroc. Bulletin de la Société Pathologie Exotique, Paris 18: 781-784.

Marcenac, M. 1926a. Innocuité de Galeodes oliveiri au Maroc. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 32: 88.

Marcenac, M. 1926b. Arachnides, Myriapodes et Serpentes de la région de Tadla (Maroc). Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 32: 278-281.

Marikovskiy, P.I. 1980. Vliyanie zasukhi i perevypasa na chlenistonogikh - obitatelei pustyn' Semirech'ya [Influence of drought and overgrazing on arthropods - inhabitants of deserts in Semirechye]. Izvestiya Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR. Ser. Biologicheskaya, Alma-Ata 6: 8-13. (in Russian)

Marikovskiy, P.I. 1982. Tam, otkuda ushli reki. Mysl': Moscow. 152 p. (in Russian)

Marikovskiy, P.I. 1985. Arakhnoentomotsenoz severnogo poberezh'ya ozera Balkhash [Arachnoentomocenosis of the northern coast of the Balkhash Lake]. Trudy Instituta Zoologii Akademii Nauk Kazakhskoi SSR, Alma-Ata 42: 191-201. (in Russian)

Marikovskiy, P.I. 1991. Zabytye ostrova. Mysl': Moscow. 240 p. (in Russian)

wMartins, E. G., Bonato, V., Machado, G., Pinto-Da-Rocha, R., Rocha, L.S. 2004. Description and ecology of a new species of sun spider (Arachnida: Solifugae) from the Brazilian Cerrado. Journal of Natural History 38(18): 2361.

Marcenac, M. 1926. Innocuité de Galeodes olivieri au Maroc. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 1926. Pp. 86-87.
Translated title: [Innocuité] of Galeodes olivieri in Morocco.

Marx, G. 1892. Contributions to the knowledge of the life history of Arachnida. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 2: 252-254.

Matos, A. de 1978. Note on the existence of the solifugid Gluvia dorsalis (Arachnida, Solifugae, Daesiidae) in Portugal. Arquivos do Museu Bocage, 6: 319-324.

wMaury, E. A. 1970. Sobre la presencia de Gaucha fasciata Mello-Leitão 1924 en la Argentina (Solifugae, Ammotrechidae, Mummuciinae). [On the presence of Guacha fasciata Mello-Leitao 1924 in Argentina.] Physis, 29 (79): 357-362.

wMaury, E.A. 1976. Nuevos solífugos Ammotrechidae de la Argentina (Arachnida, Solifugae). Physis, Buenos Aires 35: 87-104.

wMaury, E.A. 1977. Notas sobre la sistemática y distribución geográfica de Procleobis patagonicus (Holmberg 1876) (Solifugae, Ammotrechidae, Saronominae). Physis, Buenos Aires 36: 283-293.

wMaury, E.A. 1979. Primera cita del orden Solifugae para el Uruguay (Arachnida). Neotropica 25: 159-160.

wMaury, E.A. 1980a. Dos nuevos Pseudocleobis de la Patagonia (Arachnida, Solifugae, Ammotrechidae). Physis, Buenos Aires 39: 41-43.

wMaury, E. A. 1980b. Presencia de la familia Daesiidae en America del Sur con la descripcion de un nuevo genero (Solifugae). Journal of Arachnology, 8: 59-67. Adobe PDF icon
Translated title: Presence of the family Daesiidae in South America with the description of a new genus (Solifugae).

wMaury, E. A. 1981. Un nuevo genero de Daesiidae de la Argentina (Arachnida, Solifugae). Comunicaciones del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales Bernardino Rivadavia. Serie entomología, 1 (5): 75-82.
Translated title: A new genus of Daesiidae from Argentina (Arachnida, Solifugae).

wMaury, E. A. 1982a. Solifugos de Colombia y Venezuela (Solifugae, Ammotrechidae). Journal of Arachnology, 10 (2): 123-143. Adobe PDF icon
Translated title: Solifuges of Colombia and Venezuela.

wMaury, E. A. 1982b. Nota sobre un solifugo altoandino Dasycleobis crinitus Mello-Leito 1940 (Solifugae, Ammotrechidae). Neotropica, 28 (80): 183-187.
Translated title: Note on a high Andean solifuge Dasycleobis crinitus Mello-Leito 1940 (Solifugae, Ammotrechidae).

wMaury, E.A. 1983. Los Pseudocleobis del oeste árido Argentino (Arachnida, Solifugae, Ammotrechidae). Physis, Buenos Aires 41: 169-174.

wMaury, E.A. 1985. Nota sobre los géneros Namibesia y Syndaesia (Solifugae, Daesiidae). Aracnologia 4: 1-6.

Maury, E. A. 1985. Los familias de Solifugos americanos y su distribucion geografica (Arachnida, Solifugae). Physis, 42 (103): 73-80.
Translated title: The families of American solifuges and their geographical distribution (Arachnida, Solifugae).

wMaury, E.A. 1986. The American solifugid families and their geographical distribution (Arachnida, Solifugidae). Page 318 [abstract] in Egerhard, W. G., Y. D. Lubin, and B. C. Robinson, eds. 1986. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983. [9th International Congress of Arachnology, Panama City (Panama), 1-8 August 1983].

wMaury, E.A. 1987. Consideraciones sobre algunos solifugos de Chile (Solifugae: Ammotrechidae, Daesiidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 44: 419-432.

wMaury, E. A. 1992. Lista de los ejemplares tipicos de "Arachnida" (Opiliones, Scorpiones y Solifugae) depositados en el Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia". Suplemento I. Aracnol., Supl., 6: 1-10.
Translated title: List of the type specimens of Arachnida (Opiliones, Scorpiones and Solifugae) deposited in the Bernardino Rivadavia Argentinean Museum of Natural Sciences.

Maury, E.A. 1998. Solifugae. In: Morrone, J.J. and Coscarón, S. (eds), Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos: 560-568. Editiones SUR: La Plata.

Meglitsch, P.A. and Schram, F.A. 1991. 'Invertebrate Zoology'. (Oxford University Press: New York.)

Meijere, J. C. H. de. 1901. Über das letzte Glied der Beine bei den Arthropoden (Arachn.). Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 14: 417-476, Tables 35, 36.
Translated title: About the last joint of the legs of the arthropods (Arachn.).

Meisenheimer, J. 1908. Über den Zusammenhang von Geschlechtsdrüsen und sekundären Geschlechtsmerkmalen bei den Arthropoden. Verhandlungen der Deutschen Zoologischen Gesellschaft, 18: 84-96.
Translated title: Concerning the correlation of sex-glands and secondary sex-characteristics in the arthropods.

Melic, A. 1998. Catalogo de ordenes menores de Arachnida de Aragon. Catalogus de la Entomofauna Aragonesa 19: 15-16.

Mello-Leitao. 1924. A new South American Solpugid. Revista chilena de historia natural pura y aplicada, 28: 140-143.

Mello-Leitão, C. 1931. Pedipalpos do Brasil e algumas notas sobre a ordem. Archivos do Museu Nacional 33: 7-72.

Mello-Leitão, C. 1936. Etude sur les Arachnides de Papudo et Constitucion. Revista Chilena de Hisoria Naural 40: 112-129.

wMello-Leitão, C. 1937. Notes sur quelques solifugues de l'Amérique du Sud. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias 9: 83-86.

Mello-Leitão, C. 1938a. Notas sobre solífugos argentinos. Notas del Museo de La Plata 3: 265-271.

Mello-Leitao, C. 1938b. Solifugos de Argentina. Anales del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia.", 40: 1-32.
Translated title: Solifuges of Argentina.

Mello-Leitão, C. 1939. Les Arachnides et la zoogéographie de l'Argentine. Physis, Buenos Aires 17: 601-630.

Mello-Leitão, C. 1940. Un solífugo da Argentina e alguns opiliхes da Colombia. Annaes da Academia Brasileira de Sciencias 12(4): 301-311.

Mello-Leitao, C. 1942.  Novos solifugos do Chile e do Mexico.  Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências, Buenos Aires, 14: 305-313.

Mello-Leitao, C. 1943. Arachnides recognidos en el Ecuador y el Peru pol la senora H. E. Frizell Don. Comun. Mus. Hist. Nat. Montevedeo, 1 (5): 1-8.
Translated title: Arachnids found in Ecuador and Peru by Mrs. H. E. Frizell.

Millot, J. 1942. Glandes abdominales ventrales chez les Solpugides (Arachnida Solifugidae). Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 47: 127-129.

Millot, J. 1945. L'anatomie interne des Ricinulei (Arachnides). Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie (11)7: 1-29.

Millot, J. 1948. Revue générale des Arachnides de Madagascar. Mémoires de l'Institut Scientifique de Madagascar, Série A 1: 137-155.

Millot, J. 1949. Classe de Arachnides (Arachnida). I. - Morphologie générale et anatomie interne. In 'Traité de Zoologie.'. (Grassé, P.-P. Ed.). Vol. 6: 263-319 (Masson: Paris.)

Millot, J. and Vachon, M. 1949. Ordre des Solifuges. In 'Traité de Zoologie.'. (Grassi, P. P. Ed.). Vol. 6: 482-519 (Masson: Paris.)

Milne, L. and Milne, M. 1980. 'The Audubon Society Field Guide to North American Insects and Spiders'. (A.A. Knopf: New York.)

Milne-Edwards, H. 1834. 'Elémens de Zoologie'. (?: Paris.)

Milne-Edwards, H. 1836. Arachnides. In: Cuvier, G., Le ráegne animal distribuâe d'apráes son organisation : pour servir de base áa l'histoire naturelle des animaux et d'introduction áa l'anatomie comparáee. 3. édit.  22 volumes.
Translated title: The animal Kingdom, arranged in conformity with its organization by baron Cuvier...  3rd edition.
Author: Georges Cuvier (1769-1832). [H. (Henri) Milne-Edwards, (1800-1885)]
Published: Paris : Fortin, Masson, [1836-49]
Library of Congress Call No.: QH45.C88

Milstead, W.M. 1958. A list of the arthropods found in the stomachs of whiptail lizards from four stations in southwestern Texas. Texas Journal of Science 10: 443-446.

Miranda, H. S., Bustamante, M. M. C., and Miranda, A. C.  2002. The fire factor. In: Oliveira, P. S., and Marquis, R. J. (Ed.). Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Savanna. 51-68.

Monard, A. 1937. Scorpions, Solifuges, et Opiliones d'Angola. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 44: 257-270.
Translated title: Scorpions, solifuges, and opilionids of Angola.

wMoriggi, M. 1941. Le Solpughe dell'Africa Orientale italiana. Rivista di Biologia Coloniale, Roma 4: 273-291.

Morin, S.M., 1928. K zoogeografii sol'pug. Sol'pugi na Dnepre, Kavkaze i v Zakaspiiskoi oblasti [To zoogeography of solpugids. Solpugids on the Dnepr, Caucasus and in the Transcaspian region]. Trudy Tret'ego Vserosiiskogo S'ezda Zoologov, Anatomov i Gistologov v Leningrade 14-20 dekabrya 1927 g. [Proceedings of the Third Congress of the Russian Zoologists, Anatomists and Histologists in Leningrad, December 14-20, 1927], Leningrad: 83-86 [in Russian].

Moritz, M. 1993. Wirbellose Tiere, part 4, Arthropoda (ohne Insecta). In 'Kästner, A., Lehrbuch der Speziellen Zoologie'. (Gruner, H.-E. Ed.). Vol. 4th revised edition. (Gustav Fischer Verlag, Jena: Stuttgart.)

Moritz, M. and Fischer, S.-C. 1980. Die Typen der Arachniden-Sammlung des Zoologischen Museums Berlin. II. Uropygi, Amblypygi, Schizomida, Ricinulei, Solifuga. Mitteilung aus dem Zoologischen Museum in Berlin 56: 137-154.

Muchmore, W.B. 1993. List of terrestrial invertebrates of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands (exclusive of Acarina and Insecta), with some records of freshwater species. Carribean Journal of Science 29: 30-38.

wMukherjee, Sh., 1999. Observation on the feeding habits of Solifugae (Arachnida: Solifugae) in Semarsot Sanctuary (M.P.), India. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 96(2): 347.

wMuma, M. H. 1951. The arachnid order Solpugida in the United States. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 97 (2): 35-141. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1962. The arachnid order Solpugida in the United States, Supplement 1. American Museum Novitates 2092: 1-44. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1963. Solpugida of the Nevada Test Site. Brigham Young University Science Bulletin. Biological series, 3 (2): 1-15.

wMuma, M. H. 1966a. Burrowing habits of North American Solpugida (Arachnida). Psyche 73 (4): 251-260. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1966b. Feeding behavior of North American Solpugida (Arachnida). The Florida Entomologist, 49: 199-216. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1966c. Egg deposition and incubation for Eremobates durangonus with notes on the eggs of other species of Eremobatidae (Arachnida: Solpugida). The Florida Entomologist, 49: 23-32 Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1966d. The life cycle of Eremobates durangonus (Arachnida: Solpugida). The Florida Entomologist, 49: 233-242. Adobe PDF icon

Muma, M. H. 1966e. Mating behavior in the solpugid genus Eremobates Banks. Animal Behavior, 14: 346-350.

wMuma, M. H. 1967a. Basic behavior of North American Solpugida. The Florida Entomologist, 50: 115-123. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1967b. Scorpions, whip scorpions and wind scorpions of Florida.  Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas, 4: 1-28.

wMuma, M. H. 1970a. A synoptic review of North American, Central American, and West Indian Solpugida (Arthropoda, Arachnida). Arthropods of Florida and Neighboring Land Areas, 5: 1- 62.

Muma, M. H. 1970b. An improved can trap. Notes of the Arachnologists of the Southwest, 1: 16-18.

Muma, M.H., 1970c. VIII. The Galapagos Islands Solpugid: 125-135. In: Mission zoologique belge aux îles >Galapagos et en Ecuador (N. et J. Leleup, 1964-1965). Résultats scientifiques. Deuxième partie. 237 pp.
Published: Musée royal de l'Afrique centrale, Tervuren, Belgium.

wMuma, M. H. 1971a. A new Ammotrechella Roewer (Solpugida: Ammotrechidae) from Jamaica. The Florida Entomologist, 54 (1): 97-99. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1971b. The Solpugids (Arachnida: Solpugida) of Chile with descriptions of a new family, new genera, and new species. American Museum Novitates, 2476: 1-23. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1974a. Maturity and reproductive isolation of common solpugids in the North American deserts. Journal of Arachnology, 2: 5-10. Adobe PDF icon

Muma, M. H. 1974b. An annotated list of solpugids of New Mexico. New Mexico Academy of Sciences Bulletin, 15(2): 13-16.

wMuma, M. H. 1974c. Solpugid populations in southwestern New Mexico. The Florida Entomologist, 54 (4): 385-392. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1975a. Long term can trapping for population analyses of ground-surface, arid-land arachnids. The Florida Entomologist, 58: 257-270. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1975b. Two vernal ground-surface arachnid populations in Tularosa Basin, New Mexico. The Southwestern Naturalist, 20: 55-67.

wMuma, M. H. 1976. A review of solpugid families with an annotated list of western hemisphere solpugids. Publications of the Office of Resesearch, Western New Mexico University, 2 (1): 1-33.

wMuma, M. H. 1979. Arid-grassland solpugid population variations in southwestern New Mexico. The Florida Entomologist, 62 (4): 320-328. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1980a. Comparison of three methods for estimating solpugid (Arachnida) populations. Journal of Arachnology, 8: 267-270. Adobe PDF icon

wMuma, M. H. 1980c. Solpugid (Arachnida) populations in a creosotebush vs. a mixed plant association. The Southwestern Naturalist, 25 (2): 129-136.

wMuma, M. H. 1982. Solpugida. Pp 102-104 in Parker, S. P., ed. 1982. Synopsis and classification of living organisms. 2 volumes.
Editor in chief: Sybil P. Parker.
Published: New York : McGraw-Hill, 1982.
Call Number: QH83.S89

Muma, M. H. 1985. A new, possibly diagnostic, character for Solpugida (Arachnida). Novitates Arthropodae, 2 (2): 1-5.

wMuma, M. H. 1986. New species and records of Solpugida (Arachnida) from Mexico, Central America, and the West Indies. Novitates Arthropodae, 2 (3): 1-31.

wMuma, M. H. 1987. New species and records of Solpugida (Arachnida) from Mexico, Central America and the West Indies, pp. 1-24, and 4 plates. Privatly published for the author by Southwest Offset, Silver City, New Mexico.

wMuma, M. H. 1989. New species and records of Solpugida (Arachnida) from the United States. 60 pp. Privately published for the author by Douglas Print Shop, Douglas, Arizona.

wMuma, M. H., and Brookhart, J. 1988. The Eremobates palpisetulosus species-group (Solpugida: Eremobatidae) in the United States, pp. 1-65, plates 1-20. Published for the authors by Cherry Creek High School Print Shop, Englewood, Colorado.

wMuma, M. H., and Muma, K. E. 1949. Studies on a population of prairie spiders.  Ecology, 30 (4): 485-503.

Muma, M. H., and Muma, K. E. 1988. The arachnid order Solpugida in the United States (Supplement 2, a biological review), pp. 1-35 and 2 plates. Published for the authors by Southwest Offset, Silver City, New Mexico.

Muma, M. H., and Nezario, M. L. 1971. New solpugids (Arachnida, Solpugida) from Puerto Rico. The Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico, 55 (4): 505-512.

Murphy, F. and Murphy, J.A. 2000. An introduction to the spiders of south east Asia. Malaysian Nature Society: Kuala Lumpur.

Mursch, A. and Steffan, A.W. 1997 (1996). Subfossile Gliederfusser von Salzsee-Ufern im nordlichen Namibia (Arthropoda: Solifugae, Scorpiones, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Insecta). Verhandlungen Westdeutscher Entomologentag 1996: 197-211.

Nesterov, P.V., 1912 (1911). Otchet o zoologicheskikh issledovaniyakh v Yugo-Zapadnom Zakavkaz'e (1909 i 1910) i Erzerumskom vilaiete (1910). Annuaire du Musée Zoologique de l'Académie Impériale des Sciences de St.-Pétersbourg 16: 137-184. [in Russian]

wNew, T. R. 1999. By-catch, ethics, and pitfall traps. Journal of Insect Conservation 3: 1-3.

Newlands, G. 1978. Arachnida (except Acari). In 'Biogeography and Ecology of Southern Africa'. (Werger, M. J. A. Ed.). Vol. 31: 685-702 (Junk: The Hague.)

Nigam, H.C. 1976. Cuticle of the Indian whip-tailed scorpion Uroproctus assamensis (Stoliczka, 1869) and the solifugid Galeodes orientalis (Stoliczka, 1869). Current Science 45: 749-750.

Nisbet, J. 1917a. Solpugids from the Claremont-Laguna Region. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, Claremont, 9: 22-25.

Nisbet, J. 1917b. Arachnologica varia. XIX-XX. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, Section A (Zoology), 82 (2): 70-76 and 158-167.

Nisbet, J. [as Nesbet], 1921. Solpugida. In Moles, M. A List of California Arachnida. Journal of Entomology and Zoology, Claremont. 13: 14.

wNogge, G. 1976. Ventilationsbewegungen bei Solifugen (Arachnida, Solifugae). [Ventilation movements in Solifugae (Arachnida, Solifugae)]. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 196 (3/4): 145-149.

Nomenclature, International Commission on Zoological 1995. Opinion 1820. A.A.H. Lichtenstein's (1796, 1797) Catalogus musei zoologici ... Sectio Tertia. Continens Insecta and D.H. Schneider's (1800) Verzeichniss einer Parthei Insekten ...: suppressed, with conservation of some Lichtenstein (1796) names (Insecta and Arachnida). Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 52(3): 283-285.

Obst, P. 1899. Verhalten der Nucleolen bei der Eibildung einiger Mollus- und Arachnoideen.

wO'Hea, J.P. 1923. Tactile vision of Insects and Arachnida. Nature, 111: 498.

Oken, L. 1835. 'Allgemeine Naturgeschichte, für alle Stände, 2ter Theil.'. Vol. 5. (Publisher?: Stuttgart.)

Olivier, G. A. 1807. Voyage dans l'Empire Othoman, l'Égypte, et la Perse fait par Ordre du Gouvernement, pendant les six premières années de la République. Two volumes, atlas.
Translated title: Travels in the Ottoman empire, Egypt, and Persia, undertaken by order of the government of France, during the first six years of the republic.
Author: Guillaume Antoine Olivier (1756-1814)
Published: London, T.N. Longman & O. Rees [etc] 1801-?
Library of Congress Call No.: DR425.O48

Olivier, G. A. 1819a. Faucher, Phalangium: 455-461. In Volume 6. Encyclopâedie mâethodique. Histoire naturelle. Insectes.
Translated title: Methodical encyclopedia. Natural History: Insects.
Author: Guillamme Antoine Olivier (1756-1814).
Published: Paris, Panckoucke 1789-1828 (Vol. 5-9 published by H. Agasse).  Nine volumes (includes 2 volume atlas).
Publication dates: v. [1], 1789; v. [2], 1790; v. [3], 1791; v. [4], 1792; v. [5], 1811; v. [6], 1819[-1824]; v. [7], 1825; v. [8], 1797; v. [9], 1825[-1828].
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a set.
Solpugid references:   Vol. 6: 578-580 (1819?).

Olivier, G. A. 1819b. Galéode, Galeodes: 578-580.  In Volume 6. Encyclopâedie mâethodique. Histoire naturelle. Insectes.
Translated title: Methodical encyclopedia. Natural History: Insects.
Author: Guillamme Antoine Olivier (1756-1814).
Published: Paris, Panckoucke 1789-1828 (Vol. 5-9 published by H. Agasse).  Nine volumes (includes 2 volume atlas).
Publication dates: v. [1], 1789; v. [2], 1790; v. [3], 1791; v. [4], 1792; v. [5], 1811; v. [6], 1819[-1824]; v. [7], 1825; v. [8], 1797; v. [9], 1825[-1828].
Note: American Museum of Natural History has a set.
Solpugid references:   Vol. 6: 578-580 (1819?).

Olivier, A.G. 1807. 'Voyage dans l'Empire Ottoman, l'Égypte et la Perse fait par Ordre du Government, pendant les six premières de la République'. Vol. 3. (?: Paris.)

Oliveira-Filho, A.T. & J.A. Ratter.  2002. Vegetation physiognomies and woodyflora of the Cerrado biome. In: Oliveira, P.S.; Marquis, R.J. (Ed.). Ecology and Natural History of a Neotropical Savanna. 91-120.

Olsen, A.R. 1996. Other arthropods. In 'Fundamentals of microanalytical entomology: a practical guide to detecting and identifying filth in foods.'. (Olsen, A. R., Sidebottom, T. H. and Knight, S. A. Eds): 151-155 (CRC Press, Inc.: Boca Raton, New York etc.)

Ost, L. 1906. Zur Kenntnis der Regeneration der Extremitäten bei den Arthropoden. Archiv fuer Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen, 22: 289-324.
Translated title: Toward the knowledge of the regeneration of the extremities in the arthropods.

Oudemans, A., C. 1886. Die gegenseitige Verwandtschaft, Abstammung und Classifikation der sog. Arthropoden. Tijdschrift der Nederlandsche dierkundige vereeniging. Series 3, 1: 37-56.
Translated title: The reciprocal relationship, descent and classification of the so-called arthropods.

Pablos, F. 1967. Sobre la presencia de Gluvia dorsalis, var. conquensis en los puertos de Contreras (Cuenca). Publicaciones del Instituto de Biologia Aplicada 43: 45-48.

Packard, A. S. 1884. The coxal glands of Arachnida and Crustacea. The American Naturalist, 17: 795-797.

Packard, A. S. 1903. Hints on the classification of the Arthropoda; the group a phylogenetic one. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 42 (173): 142-161.

Pallas, P. S. 1771. Phisicalische Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs im 1768 und 1769sten. Pp. 382-383 in Volume 1. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reichs. St. Petersburg.
Translated title: Journey through different provinces of the Russian empire.
Author: Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811).
Published: St. Petersburg, Gedruckt bey der kayserlichen Academie der Wissenschaften, 1771-76; Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, 1967 (republished). Three volumes, atlas.
Library of Congress Call No.: DK23.P16
Solpugid references: Volume 1: 382-383 (1771).

Pallas, P. S. 1772. Volume 1, Fasicle 9, pp. 37-40, Table 3, figures 7-9 in Spicilegia zoologica, quibus novae imprimus et obscurae animalium species iconibus, descriptionibus atque commentariis illustrantur cura P.S. Pallas. Berlin.
Author: Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811).
Published: Berlin: Gottl. August. Lange, 1767-80; Two volumes (14 fascicles). 
Call No.: QL45.P16 (Cornell University)
Solpugid references: Volume 1, Fasicle 9, pp. 37-40, Table 3, figures 7-9 (1772).

Pallas, P.S. 1776. 'Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reiches.'. Vol. 1. (Publisher?: Frankfurt A. M.)

Pallas, P.S. 1777. 'Naturgeschichte Merkwurdiger Theire.'. Vol. 1 (9). (Publisher?: Berlin and Stralsund.)

Pallas, P.S. 1788. Voyages de M. P.S. Pallas, en différentes provinces de l'Empire de Russie, et dans l'Asie Septentrionale. 1. Trad. de l'allemand, par m. Gauthier de la Peyronie : 5 vol. in-4º, et un de planches. Cez Lagrange, libraire: Paris. [4], I-XXXII, 1-773 pp

Pallas, P. S. 1801. Zweite Auflage. Phisicalische Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des Russischen Reichs im 1768 und 1769sten Jahre. in Volume 1. Reise durch verschiedene Provinzen des russischen Reichs. St. Petersburg.
Translated title: Journey through different provinces of the Russian empire.
Author: Peter Simon Pallas (1741-1811).
Published: St. Petersburg, Gedruckt bey der kayserlichen Academie der Wissenschaften, 1771-76; Graz: Akademische Druck und Verlagsanstalt, 1967 (republished). Three volumes, atlas.
Library of Congress Call No.: DK23.P16
Solpugid references: Volume 1: 382-383 (1771).

Panouse, J. B. 1950. Sur la systematique des solifuges. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Series 2, 22: 717-722.
Translated title: On the systematics of solifuges.

Panouse, J.B. 1955. Un Solifuge nouveau du Maroc: Eusimonia cornigera sp. n. (Karschiidae). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 34: 343-350.

Panouse, J.B. 1956. Eusimonia fagei sp. n. (Karschiidae) nouveau Solifuge du Maroc. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 35: 209-216.

Panouse, J.B. 1957. Karschiidae (Solifuges) nouveaux ou peu connus du Maroc. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 37: 21-38.

Panouse, J.B. 1960a. Diagnose préliminaire, d'Othoes saharae n. sp. (Solifuges). Comptes Rendus des Séances Mensuelles, Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 26: 15-16.

Panouse, J.B. 1960b. Un nouveau Solifuge saharien Othoes saharae (Galeodidae). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 39: 175-184.

Panouse, J.B. 1961a. Variation avec l'вge des caractères utilisés pour la systématique des Solifuges. [Variation with the age of characters used for the systematics of solipugids.] Venhl. XI Internat. Kongr. Ent. 1960, 1: 258-262.

Panouse, J.B. 1961b. Note complémentaire sur la variation des caractères utilisés dans la taxonomie des Solifuges. Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 40: 121-129.

Panouse, J.B. 1964. Revision du genre Othoes (Solifuga, Galeodidae). Bulletin de la Société des Sciences Naturelles et Physiques du Maroc 44: 47-74.

wPanouse, J., Levy, G. and Shulov, A. 1967. Un nouveau Solifuge (Galeodidae) d'Israel: Othoes rimmonensis. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Series 3, 39 (3): 515-521.
Translated title: A new solifuge (Galeodidae) from Israel: Othoes rimmonensis.

Pascoe, F.P. 1886. 'Analytical Lists of the Classes, Orders, etc. of the Animal Kingdom.'. (Taylor and Francis: London.)

Paulus, H.F. 1979. Eye structure and the monophyly of the Arthropoda. In 'Arthropod Phylogeny.'. (Gupta, A. P. Ed.): 299-383 (Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York.)

Pavesi, P. 1876. Gli Aracnidi Turchi. Atti della Societáa Italiana di Scienze Naturali, 19 (1): 1-27.
Translated title: The Turkish arachnids.

Pavesi, P. 1877. Sugli Aracnidi di Grecia. Rendiconti - Istituto Lombardo. Accademia di Scienze e Lettere (2), 10: 323-327.
Translated title: On the arachnids of Greece.

Pavesi, P. 1878. Aracnidi: Aggiunto un Catalogo sistematico delle specie di Grecia in resultati zoologici, Crociera del Violente. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 11: 337-396.
Translated title: Arachnids: Companion to a systematic catalog of the species of Greece in the zoological results, Cruise of the Violente.

Pavesi, P. 1880. Studi sugli Aracnidi Africani. 1. Aracnidi di Tunisia. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 15: 283-388.
Translated title: A study on the Aracnidis African arachnids. I. Arachnids of Tunisia.

Pavesi, P. 1881. Studi sugli Aracnidi Africani. - II. Aracnidi d'Inhambane, raccolti da C. Fornasini, e considerazione sull' Aracnofauna del Mozambico. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 16: 536-560.
Translated title: Study on the African arachnids. - II. Arachnids of Inhambane, collected by C. Fornasini, and consideration of the arachnofauna of Mozambique.

Pavesi, P. 1883. Spedizione Italiana nell'Africa Equatoriale. Resultati Zoologici. Aracnidi del Regno di Scioa. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova 20: 5-105.

Pavesi, P. 1885. Aracnidi raccolti dal conte Bourtourlin ad Assab e Massaua. Bollettino della Societáa Entomologica Italiana, 17: 197-200.
Translated title:  Arachnids collected by Count Bourtourlin from Assab and Massaua.

Pavesi, P. 1897a. Aracnidi raccolte nell' alto Zambesi dal rev. L. Jalla. Bollettino dell'Istituto e Museo di Zoologia della Universita di Torino, 12 (271): 4.
Translated title: Arachnids collected in the upper part of Zambesi by the rev. L. Jalla.

Pavesi, P. 1897b. Studi sugli Aracnidi Africani. I. Aracnidi Somali e Galla raccolti da Don Eugenio dei Principi Ruspoli. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, (Series 2) [Vol.18]: 151-188.
Translated title: Studies on the arachnids of Africa.....

Pawlowsky, E. N. 1916. Dzhulek (Perovskogo uezda, Syr-Darinskoi oblasti) i nekotorye biologicheskie nablyudeniya v ego okrestnostyakh [Julek (in the district of Perovsk of the Sir-Daria Province [Turkestan]) and some biological observations in its neighbourhood]. - Trudy Petrogradskago obshchestva estestvoispytateleæi [Travaux Soc. Nat. Petrograd ] 47: 27-68.

Pawlowsky, E.N. [Pavlovsky, E.N.], ???. Falangi Turkmenii i vopros ob yadovitosti ikh ukusa dlya cheloveka [Falanges of Turkmenia and toxicity of their biting for man].???: 165-176 [in Russian].

Pawlowsky, E.N. 1932. Falangi Turkmenii i vopros ob yadovitosti ikh ukusa dlya cheloveka [Solpugids of Turkmenistan and toxicity of their biting for man]. In: Murgabskaya parazitologicheskaya ekspeditsiya 1930 g. AN SSSR i Narkomzdrava Turkmenii. Trudy Soveta po Izucheniyu Proizvoditelnykh Sil, Ser. Turkmenskaya, Leningrad Part 2: 289-306. (in Russian)

Pawlowsky, E.N. and Stein, A.K., 1930. Eksperimental'noe issledovanie nad deistviem na cheloveka ukusa falangi Galeodes araneoides [Experimental study on the effect of Galeodes araneoides biting upon man]. Meditsinskaya Mysl' Uzbekistana i Turkmenistana, No. 11-12: 158-164 [in Russian].

Pawlowsky, E.N. and Stein, A.K., 1930. Experimentelle Untersuchung über die Wirkung des Bisses der Walzenspinne Galeodes araneoides auf den Menschen. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, Bd. 3, H. 1, Berlin: 8-16.

Peach, B. N. 1882. Further researches on the Crustacea and Arachnida of the carboniferous rocks of the Scottish border.  Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 30: 511-529.

wPeach, B. N. 1885. Ancient air breathers. Nature, 31: 295-298.

Pekár, S., Král, J. and Hrušková, M. 2004. Cesta za tajomstvom solifúg [Towards discovering the mystery of solifugids]. ?iva, Academia: Prague 1: 25-28. (in Czech)

Penther, A. 1913. Solifugae.  In Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Expedition nach Mesopotamien, 1910. Solifugae. Annalen des Kaiserlich Köninglichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums in Wien, 27: 107-108.
Translated title: Scientific results of the expedition to Mesopotamia, 1910.

Pesker, D. 1909. Zur Frage von den Cardiocölomöffnungen bei den Arachnoideen. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 34: 90-93.
Translated title: On the question of the Cardiocölomöffnungens in the Arachnoidea.

Petiver, J. 1764. 'Opera, Historium Naturalem Spectantia, or, Gazophylacium.'. Vol. 1. (Publisher?: City?)

Petrunkevitch, A. 1913. A monograph of the terrestrial Palaeozoic Arachnida of North America. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences 18: 1-137.

wPetrunkevitch, A. 1922. The circulatory system and segmentation in Arachnida. Journal of Morphology 36: 157-185.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1945. Palaeozoic Arachnida. An inquiry into their evolutionary trends. Scientific Papers, Illinois State Museum 3(2): 1-76

Petrunkevitch, A. 1949. A study of the structure, classification and relationships of the Palaeozoic Arachnida. Based on the collections of the British Museum. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 37: 69-315.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1953. Palaeozoic and Mesozoic Arachnida of Europe. Memoir. Geological Society of America, 53: i-xi + 1-128.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1955. Arachnida. Pp. 42-162 in Moore, R. C. (ed.). Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part P. Arthropoda 2. xvii + 181 pp.
Editor: Raymond C. Moore.

Published: New York: Geological Society of America, 1953-; Boulder, Colorado and Lawrence Kansas: University of Kansas Press.
Call Number: QE770.T7

Petrunkevitch, A. 1913. A monograph of the terrestrial Palaeozoic Arachnida of North America. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, 18: 1-137, Tables 1-13.

Petrunkevitch, A. 1922. The circulatory system and segmentation in Arachnida. Journal of morphology (Philadelphia), 36: 157-185, Tables 1-2.

Phan, F. 1997. [Hibernation of the Moroccan solifuge.]. Arachnides 34: 18. (in French)

Phisalix, M. 1922. 'Animaux Venimeux et Venins.'. Vol. 1. (Masson: Paris.)

Phisalix, M. 1926. A Propos de la note de M. Marcenac sur l'innocuité des Galéodes. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 1926. 32: 88.
Translated title: Regarding the note of M. Marcenac on the [innocuité] of Galeodes.

wPieper, H. 1977. Eine neue Eusimonia - art von den Kanaren (Solifugae: Karschiidae). Senckenbergiana biologica, 58 (1-2): 79-82.
Translated title: A new species of Eusimonia from the Canaries (Solifugae: Karschiidae).

Pieper, H. 1980. Weitere Nachweise von Eusimonia cornigera und E. wunderlichi (Solifugae: Karschiidae). Vieraea, Tenerife 8: 271-276.

Pieper, H. 1988. Fauna Caboverdiana: Solifugae. Courier Forschungsinstitut Sencekenberg 105: 167.

wPinheiro, F., Diniz, I R., Coelho, D. and Bandeira, M.P.S. (2002). Seasonal pattern of insect abundance in the Brazilian Cerrado. Austral Ecology 27: 132-136

Plagens, M.J., 1986 Aerial dispersal of Spiders (Araneae) in a Florida cornfield ecosystem. Environmental Entomology, 15 (6) : 1225-1233.

Plateau, F. 1886. Expériences sur le rô1e des palpes chez les Arthropodes maxillaires. Part 2. Palpes des Myriopodes et Arachnides. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 11: 512-530.
Translated title: Experiments on the role of the maxillary palps of arthropods. Part 2. Palps of the myriapods and arachnids.

Plateau, F. 1887a. De l'Absence de mouvement respiratoires perceptibles chez les Arachnides. Archives de Biologie, 7: 331-348.
Translated title: Of the absence of perciptible respiratory movement by arachnids.

Plateau, F. 1887b. Recherches expérimentales sur la vision chez les Arthropodes. Part. II. Vision chez les Arachnides. Bulletins de l'Academie royale des sciences, des lettres et des beaux-arts de Belgique, 14: 545-595.
Translated title: Experimental studies on the vision of arthropods. Part. II. Vision of arachnids.

Pocock, R. I. 1889a. Arachnida, Chilopoda and Crustacea, In The Zoology of the Afghan Delimination Commission (Aitchison, J. E. T. Ed.). - Transactions of the Linnean Society. 2d Series. Zoology, 5: 110-121.

Pocock, R., I. 1889b. On a new species of Rhax. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Ser. 6), 4: 473, 474.

Pocock, R. L. 1893. On some points in the morphology of the Arachnida (s. s.) with notes on the classification of the group.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Ser. 6), 11: 1-19.

Pocock, R. I. 1895a. Notes on some Solifugae contained in the collection of the British Museum with descriptions of new species. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 6), 16: 74-98.

Pocock, R.I. 1895b. On the species of Galeodidae inhabiting India and Ceylon. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 9: 438-452, 2 Tables.

Pocock, R. I. 1895c. The name of Galeodes intrepidus. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Series 6), 16: 270.

wPocock, R. I. 1896a. Report upon the Scorpions, Spiders, Centipedes and Millepedes obtained by Mr. and Mrs. E. Lord Phillips in the Goolis Mountains inland of Berbera, N. Somaliland. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Ser. 6), 18: 178-189.

Pocock, R. I. 1896b. Distribution of Galeodes. Nature, 54: 367.

Pocock, R.I. 1896c. Centipedes, Millipedes, Scorpions, and Spiders, - Classes Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Arachnida, etc. Chapter VI. In 'The Royal Natural History'. (Lydekker, R. Ed.). Vol. 6: 204-247 (Frederick Warne & Co.: London, New York.)

Pocock, R. I. 1897a. On the genera and species of tropical African arachnids of the order Solifugae with notes upon the taxonomy and habits of the group. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 20: 249-272.

Pocock, R. I. 1897b. Are the Arthropoda a natural group ? Natural Science, 10: 113,114.

Pocock, R. I. 1897c. Appendix C. Solifugae, scorpions, chilopoda, and diplopoda. Pp. 392-407, In: Smith, A. D., editor. 1897. Through unknown African countries; the first expedition from Somaliland to Lake Lamu. xvi + 471 pp.
Author: Arthur Donaldson Smith (1864-1939).
Published: London, New York: E. Arnold, 1897.
Library of Congress Call No.: DT361.S65
Note: Available on microfische. Master microform held by: LrI. Microfiche. Chicago, Ill. : Library Resources, 1970. 1 microfiche ; 8 x 13 cm. (Library of American civilization ; LAC 16627.

Pocock, R. I. 1898a. The nature and habits of Pliny's Solpuga.  Nature, 57: 618-620.

wPocock, R. I. 1898b. On the scorpions, spiders and solpugas collected by Mr. C. Stuart Betlon in British East Africa.  Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 45: 497-524.

Pocock, R.I. 1898c. The Arachnida from the Province of Natal, South Africa, contained in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)2: 197-226.

Pocock, R.I. 1898d. On the Arachnida taken in the Transvaal and in Nyasaland by Mr. W.L. Distant and Dr. Percy Rendall. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)1: 308-321.

Pocock, R.I. 1898e. The Arachnida from the regions of Lakes Nyasa and Tanganyika contained in the collection of the British Museum. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (7)2: 429-448.

Pocock, R. I. 1899a. Diagnoses of some new Indian Arachnida. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 12: 744-763.

wPocock, R. I. 1899b. The geographical distribution of the Arachnida of orders Pedipalpi and Solifugae.  Natural Science, 14: 213-231.

Pocock, R. I.  1899c.  Scorpions and Spiders. Pp. 356-370 in The highest Andes (Fitzgerald, E. A., ed.)  London, Methuen & Co.: London

Pocock, R.I. 1899d. Contributions to the natural history of Lake Urmi, N.W. Persia, and its neighbourhood. Chilopoda and Arachnida. Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Zoology 27: 399-406.

Pocock, R. I. 1900a. Arachnida. xii +279pp. In Blanford, W. T., editor. 1900. The fauna of British India including Ceylon and Burma.
Author(s): For series, various. Series Edited by Blanford, W. T.
Published: London : Taylor and Francis, 1892-?
LC Call No.: QL453.5.I4 P6
Note: Reprinted in 1975 - New Delhi: Today & Tomorrow's Printers & Publishers, xii + 279 pp. ISBN Number: Rs62.50

Pocock, R. I. 1900b. IV. Scorpions and spiders. Pp. 356-360 in Gosse, P. 1900. Notes on the Natural History of the Aconcagua Valley.

Pocock, R. I. 1900c. On some new or little known Thelyphonidae and Solifugae.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 5: 294-306.

wPocock, R. I. 1900d. Some new Arachnida from Cape Colony.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 6: 316-333.

Pocock, R. I. 1900e. Contributions to the natural history of Lake Urmi, N. W. Persia and neighbourhood.  The Journal of the Linnean Society. Zoology, 20:  399-406, Table 26.

wPocock, R. I. 1902a. Arachnida: Scorpiones, Pedipalpi, and Solifugae. Pp. 249-310 in Biologia Centrali Americana, London. Zoology: Arachnida, 3. Adobe PDF icon

Pocock, R. L. 1902b. Studies on the Arachnid Entosternite. Quarterly Journal of Microscopical Science (n. s.), 46: 225-262, Tables 13, 14.

Pocock, R. L. 1902c. On some points in the anatomy of the alimentary and nervous systems of the Arachnidian Sub-order Pedipalpi. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 11: 98-106.

Pocock, R. L. 1902d. Descriptions of some new species of African Solifugae and Araneae.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 10: 6-27, Tables 2-3.

Pocock, R. L. 1903a. Some Arachnida collected by Mr. G. W. Bury in Yemen.  The Annals and Magazine of Natural History (Series 7), 11: 214-220.

Pocock, R. L. 1903b. Descriptions of four new Arachnida of the orders Pedipalpi, Solifugae and Araneae.    The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, (Ser. 7), 11: 220-226.

Pocock, R.I. 1903c. Scorpions and spiders. In 'The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-el-Kuri'. (Forbes, H. O. Ed.): 177-205 (Liverpool Museums: Liverpool.)

Pocock, R.I. 1906. Arachnida. In Anonymous (ed.), The history of the collections contained in the Natural History Departments of the British Museum, vol. 2: 655-683. British Museum (Natural History): London.

Pocock, R. I. 1911. A Monograph of the terrestrial Carboniferous Arachnida of Great Britain. Monogr. Palaeont. Soc. London, 64.

Pocock, R. I. 1939. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Two volumes.
Title: The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma.
Author: Reginald Innes Pocock, 1863-1947.
Published: London, Taylor and Francis Ltd., 1939-1941.
Call Number: QL729.I4 P63 (American Museum of Natural History)

Poinar, G. O., Jr., and Santiago-Blay, J. A. 1989. A fossil solpugid, Haplodontus proterus, new genus, new species (Arachnida: Solpugida) from Dominican amber. Journal of the New York Entomological Society, 97 (2): 125-132.

Pointer, M. 1990. A guide to prehistoric chelicerates. Journal of the British Tarantula Society 5(4): 11-13.

Police, G. 1928. L'apparato buccofaringeo dei Galeodi. Annuario del Museo zoologico della Universitáa di Napoli, 5 (19): 1-25.
Translated title: The buccopharyngeal apparatus of Galeodes.

Polis, G. A., Barnes, J. D., Seely, M. K., Henschel, J. R. and Enders, M. M. 1998. Predation as a major cost of reproduction in Namib Desert tenebrionid beetles. Ecology 79: 2560-2566.

Polis, G. A., and McCormick, S. J. 1986. Scorpions, spiders, and solpugids: Predation and competition among distantly related taxa. Oecologia, 71 (1): 111-116.

Porter, C.E. 1920. Sobre algunos Artropodos. Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 24: 153-160.

Pratt, H.S. 1927. A manual of the common invertebrate animals exclusive of insects. A.C. McClurg and Co.: Chicago. (not seen in part, more pages needed)

Pratt, H.S. 1935. A manual of the common invertebrate animals (exclusive of insects). Blakiston Company: Philadelphia, Toronto.

wPrendini, L. 2001b. New Volumes on the "Minor" Arachnid Orders. The Biology of Camel-Spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae). Fred Punzo. 1998. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, Massachusetts. 301 pp. ISBN 0-7923-8155-6. US$135.00 (hard cover). Whip Spiders (Chelicerata: Amblypygi). Their Biology, Morphology and Systematics. Peter Weygoldt. 2000. Apollo Books, Stenstrup, Denmark, 163 pp. ISBN 87-88757-6-3 US$43.00 (DKK 320.00) (hard cover). The Journal of Arachnology 29 (3): 434-437. Adobe PDF icon

Proctor, H.C. 1998. Indirect sperm transfer in arthropods: behavioral and evolutionary trends. Annual Review of Entomology 43: 153-174.

Punzo, F. 1993a. Diet and feeding behavior in the solpugid, Eremobates palpisetulosus (Solpugida: Eremobatidae). Psyche, 100: 151-162.

Punzo, F. 1993b. An analysis of free amino acids, neurotransmitters and enzymes in the nervous system of Solpugida (Arachnida). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 106C(3): 699-703.

Punzo, F. 1994a. Trophic and temporal niche interactions in sympatric populations of Eremobates palpisetulosus Ficher and Eremobates mormonus (Roewer) (Solpugida: Eremobatidae).  Psyche, 101: 187-194.

wPunzo, F. 1994b. An analysis of feeding and optimal Hunting Behavior in the solpugid, Eremobates mormonus (Roewer) (Solpugida, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 9: 293-298.

Punzo, F. 1994c. Intraspecific variation in response to temperature and moisture in Eremobates palpisetulosus Fichter (Solpugida, Eremobatidae) along an altitudinal gradient. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 9: 256-262.

wPunzo, F. 1994d. Changes in brain amine concentrations associated with postembryonic development in the solpugid, Eremobates palpisetulosus Fichter (Solpugida: Eremobatidae). Journal of Arachnology, 22: 1-4. Adobe PDF icon

Punzo, F. 1995a. Feeding and prey preparation in the solpugid, Eremorhax mangnus Hancock (Solpugida, Eremobatidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist, 71: 13-17.

Punzo, F. 1995b. Interspecific variation in life history traits between sympatric populations of Eremobates mormonus (Roewer) (Solpugida, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 10: 109-113.

Punzo, F. 1997. Dispersion, temporal patterns of activity, and the phenology of feeding and mating in Eremobates palpisetulosus Fichter (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society, 10: 303-307.

Punzo, F. 1998a. Natural history and life cycle of the solifuge Eremobates marathoni Muma & Brookhart (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 111-118.

wPunzo, F. 1998b. The effects of reproductive status on sprint speed in the solifuge, Eremobates marathoni (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Journal of Arachnology 26(1): 113-116. Adobe PDF icon

Punzo, F. 1998c. The effects of maternal nest guarding behaviour by Eremobates marathoni Muma & Brookhart on the survivorship of offspring (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 54-56.

Punzo, F. 1998d. Intraspecific male aggression in Arenotherus joshuaensis Brookhart and Muma, and Eremobates marathoni Muma (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Southwestern Naturalist 43(3): 291-295.

Punzo, F. 1998e. The effects of locomotor movements and feeding on heart activity in the solifuge Eremobates marathoni Muma & Brookhart (Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 11: 69-71.

wPunzo, F. 1998f. 'The biology of camel-spiders (Arachnida, Solifugae)'. (Kluwer Academic Publishers: Boston.)

wPunzo, F. 1998g. Selective ingestion by Eremobates marathoni Muma (Arachnida, Solifugae: Eremobatidae). Southwestern Naturalist 43(3): 296-299.

wPunzo, F. 2000. Desert arthropods: life history variations. Springer: Heidelberg.

Punzo, F. 2001. Substrate preferences, and the relationship between soil characteristics and the distribution of the giant whipscorpion Mastigoproctus giganteus (Lucas) (Arachnida, Uropygi) in Big Bend National Park. Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12(1): 35-41.

Punzo, F. 2002. Changes in brain monoamines associated with agonistic interactions between males of Eremobates marathoni (Arachnida, Solifugae, Eremobatidae). Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society 12(5): 237-241.

wPurcell, W. F. 1899. New and little known South African Solifugae in the collection of the South African Museum. Annals of the South African Museum, 1: 381-432, figures 1-30.

wPurcell, W. F. 1902. On some South African Arachnida belonging to the orders of Scorpions, Pedipalpi and Solifugae. Annals of the South African Museum, 2: 137-225.

wPurcell, W. F. 1903a. Descriptions of new genera and species of South Africa.  Annals of the South African Museum, 3 (1): 1-12.

wPurcell, W. F. 1903b. New Arachnida collected by Mr. S. C. Crownright-Schreiner at Hanover, Cape Colony.  Annals of the South African Museum, 3: 13-40, Table 1, figure 11.

wPurcell, W. F. 1903c. On the scorpions, solifugae and a trap-door spider collected by the Rev. Henri Junod at Shilowane, near Leydsdorp in the Transvaal. Novitates Zoologicae, 10: 303-306.

Purcell, W. F. 1910. The phylogeny of the tracheae in Araneae. Journal of Microscopical Science, London, 54 (4): 519-563.

Putnam, J. D. 1876. Galeodes pallipes Say. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, 2: 35, 36.

Putnam, J. D. 1883. The Solpugidae of America: Papers of J. Duncan Putnam, arranged for publication by Herbert Osborn. Proceedings of the Davenport Academy of Natural Sciences, 3: 249-310.

Rack, G. 1971. Die Entomologischen Sammlungen des Zoologischen Instituts und Zoologischen Museums Hamburg. I. und II. Teil (Nachtrag). Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institute 67: 109-133.

Radl, E. 1902. Über spezifische Strukturen der nervösen Zentralorgane. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 72: 31-99, Tables 3-5.
Translated title: About specific structures of the nervous central-organs.

Rambla, M., and Barrientos, J. A. 1986. Nuevos datos sobre Gluvia dorsalis (Latreille, 1817) (Solifugae, Daesiidae). Pp. 213-218 in Egerhard, W. G., Y. D. Lubin, and B. C. Robinson, eds. 1986. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983. [9th International Congress of Arachnology, Panama City (Panama), 1-8 August 1983].
Translated title: New data about Gluvia dorsalis (Latreille, 1817) (Solifugae, Daesiidae).]

Rao, K.P. and Gopalakrishnareddy, T. 1962. Nitrogen excretion in arachnids. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology 7: 175-178.

Rath, 0. von. 1901. Zur Kenntnis der Hautsinnesorgane und des sensiblen Nervensystems der Arthropoden. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 69: 499-539.
Translated title: Toward the knowledge of the Hautsinnesorgane and the sensitive nervous system of the arthropods.

Remy, P. 1925. Sur la structure de l'appareil aérffère chez les Monoantennés et les Chélicérés. Comptes Rendus des Seances, Paris, 92: 44-46.

Reddell, J.R. 1970. A checklist of the cave fauna of Texas. IV. Additional records of Invertebrata (exclusive of Insecta). Texas Journal of Science 21: 389-415.

Reddell, J.R. 1981. A review of the cavernicole fauna of Mexico, Guatemala and Belize. Bulletin of the Texas Memorial Museum 27: 1-327.

Redikortsev, V.V. 1915. Instruktsiya dlya sobiraniya paukoobraznykh (Arachnoidea) [Manual to collecting of arachnids (Arachnoidea)]. Nastavleniya dlya Sobiraniya Zoologicheskikh Kollektsii, Izdavaemye Zoologicheskim Muzeem Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk 11: 1-9 (in Russian)

Renner, F. and Schawaller, W. 1988. Spinnentiere. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde (C)26: 1-64.

Ribera, C. 1986. Els aràcnids. In: Historia Natural dels Paisos Catalans, 9. Arthropodes 1. Enciclopedia Catalana: 85-192. Bublisher?: Barcelona.

Ripper, W. 1931. Versuch einer Kritik der Homologiefrage der Arthropodentracheen. Zeitschrift für Wissenschaftliche Zoologie 138: 303-369.

wRocha, L.S. 2002. Solifugae. In: Adis, J. (Ed). Amazonian Arachnida and Myriapoda. Pensoft Publishers: Sofia - Moscow. 439-448 pp.

Rocha, L.S. 2003. First record of Solifugae in the State of Mato Grosso du Sul, Brazil. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 96: 20

Rocha, L.S. and Cancello, E.M. 1997. A ordem Solifugae na América do Sul: Novas perspectives para o seu conhecimento. p. 50. In: Simó, M. (ed.). Actas del Primer Encuentro de Arachnólogos del Cono Sur. 63 pp. Facultad de Ciencias (I. NA. PE.), Montevideo, Uruguay.

wRocha, L.S. and Cancello, E.M. 2002a. Arachnida - Solifugae. In: Fauna da Amazônia Brasileira, Belém 22: 1-3.

wRocha, L.S. and Cancello, E.M. 2002b. Redescription of Metacleobis fulvipes Roewer from Brazil (Solifugae, Mummuciidae). Journal of Arachnology 30:104-109.Adobe PDF icon

Rocha, L.S. and Cancello, E.M. 2002c. South American Solifugae: new records, occurrence in humid forests and concurrence with termites. Newsletter of the British Arachnological Society 93: 4-5.

wRocha, L.S. and Carvalho, M.C. 2006. Description and ecology of a new solifuge from Brasilian Amazonia (Arachnida, Solifugae, Mummuciidae). The Journal of Arachnology 34(1): 163-169.Adobe PDF icon

Roewer, C. F. 1928. Zoologische Streifzüge in Attika, Morea und besonders auf der Insel Kreta I. Abhandlungen / Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein zu Bremen, 26 (3): 425-460.
Translated title: Zoological expeditions in Attika, Morea and particularly on the island Crete.

wRoewer, C.F. 1932. Solifugae, Palpigradi. in Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Arachnoidea und kleinere ihnen nahegestellte Gruppen. (Bronns, H. G. Ed.). Vol. 5(IV)(4)(1): 1-160 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.: Leipzig.) Adobe PDF icon

wRoewer, C.F. 1933. Solifugae, Palpigradi. in Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Abeitlung: Arachnoidea und kleinere ihnen nahegestellte Arthropodengruppen. (Bronns, H. G. Ed.). Vol. 5(IV)(4)(2-3): 161-480 (Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft M.B.H.: Leipzig.) Adobe PDF iconAdobe PDF icon

wRoewer, C. F. 1934. Solifuga, Palpigrada. in Buch 4, pp. 481-723 in Bronn, H. G. Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs. 5: Arthropoda. IV: Arachnoidea und kleinere ihnen nahegestellte Gruppen. (Bronns, H. G. Ed.).  Vol 5(IV)(4)(4): 481-723 Adobe PDF iconAdobe PDF icon

wRoewer, C. F., 1935. Schwedisch-chinesische wissenschaftliche Expedition nach den nordwestlichen Provinzen Chinas. Solifugen und Opiliones. Arkiv Foer Zoologi, 27 (A25):1-4.
Translated title: Swedish-Chinese scientific expedition to the northwestern provinces of China. Solifuges and opilionids.

wRoewer, C. F., 1941.  Solifugen 1934-1940.  Veröffentl. Deutschen Kolonial- und Uebersee-Mus., Bremen, 3: 97-192.Adobe PDF icon

wRoewer, C.F. 1942. Einige neue Arachniden I. Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Kolonial Ubersee-Museums, Bremen 3: 277-280.

Roewer, C.F. 1951. Opiliones und Solifuga aus Belgisch Congo. Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines 44 (1): 30-55.

wRoewer, C.F., 1952a. Die Solfugen und Opilioniden der Osterreichischen Iran expedition 1949-1950. S. B. ost. Akad. s., Abt. I 161(7):509-516.
Translated title: The solfugids and opilionids of the Osterreichischen Iran expedition 1949-1950.

wRoewer, C. F., 1952b. Solifuga, Opiliones, Pedipalpi und Scorpiones (Arachnoidea). Vol 5: 1-36 in Exploration du Parc national de l'Upemba : Mission G.F. de Witte, en collaboration avec W. Adam ... [et al.] (1946-1949). 73 volumes.
Title: Exploration du Parc national de l'Upemba : Mission G.F. de Witte, en collaboration avec W. Adam ... [et al.] (1946-1949)
Published: Bruxelles : Institut des parcs nationaux du Congo Belge, 1951-1976
Call Number: QH195.C6 E94

wRoewer, C.F. 1952c.  Opilioniden und Solifugen aus Ost-Afrika.  Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Kolonial Ubersee-Museums, Bremen A 2: 87-90.

wRoewer, C.F. 1952d. Neotropische Arachnida Arthrogastra, zumeist aus Peru. Senckenbergiana Biologica 33 (1/3): 37-58.

wRoewer, C.F. 1954a. Einige neue Opiliones Laniatores und Solifugae. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom Naturwissenschaftlichen Verein zu Bremen 33: 377-384. Adobe PDF icon

wRoewer, C.F. 1954b. Über einige Solifugen und Pedipalpen der äthiopische Region. Annales du Musée du Congo Belge, Sciences Zoologiques (4) 1: 262-268.

wRoewer, C. F., 1954d. Spinnentiere aus El Salvador, I. (Arachnoidea: Pedipalpi, Solifuga, Opiliones - Laniatores). Senckenbergiana Biologica, 35(1/2): 57-73.
Translated title: Arachnids from El Salvador, I. (Arachnoidea: Pedipalpi, Solifuga, Opiliones - Laniatores).

wRoewer, C.F. 1954c. Spinnentiere Südwestafrikas. Journal of the South West Africa Scientific Society 10: 5-54.

wRoewer, C. F., 1954d. Spinnentiere aus El Salvador, I. (Arachnoidea: Pedipalpi, Solifuga, Opiliones - Laniatores). Senckenbergiana Biologica, 35(1/2): 57-73.
Translated title: Arachnids from El Salvador, I. (Arachnoidea: Pedipalpi, Solifuga, Opiliones - Laniatores).

wRoewer, C.F. 1956. Arachnida Arthrogastra aus Peru, II. Senckenbergiana Biologica 37 (5/6): 429-445.

wRoewer, C.F. 1957. Arachnida Arthrogastra aus Peru, III. Senckenbergiana Biologica 38: 67-94. (67-70)

Roewer, C.F. 1959a. Neotropische Arachnida Arthrogastra zumeist aus Peru, IV. Senckenbergiana Biologica 40: 69-87.

wRoewer, C. F., 1959b. Die Araneae, Solifuga und Opiliones der Sammlungen des Herrn Dr. K. Lindberg aus Griechenland, Creta, Anatolien, Iran und Indien. Pp. 1-47 in Gèoteborgs kungl. vetenksaps- och vittethets-samhèalles handlingar, 6. fèoljden, ser.B, bd.8, no 4.
Translated title: The Araneae, Solifuga and Opiliones of Dr. K. Lindberg's collections from Greece, Crete, Anatolia, Iran and India.
Published: Gèoteborg, Elanders boktr., 1959.
Library of Congress Call No.: AS284 .G7 folio, 6, ser. B, bd. 8, no. 4

wRoewer, C. F., 1960. Araneae Orthognathae, Haplogynae und Entelegynae.  Solifugen und Opilioniden. (Contribution áa l'âetude de la faune d'Afghanistan 23). Pp. 1-52 in Gèoteborgs kungl. vetenskaps- och vitterhets-samhèalles handlingar, 6. fèoljden, ser.B, bd.8, n:o 7
Published: Gèoteborg, Elanders boktr.; [on cover: Wettergren & Kerber] 1960.
LC Call No.: AS284 .G7 fèol.6, ser.B, bd.8, no.7

Roewer, C.F. 1961a. Einige Solifugen und Opilioniden aus der palaearctischen und äthiopischen Region. Senckenbergiana Biologica 42: 479-490.

Roewer, C.F. 1961b. Biogeografica delle Isole Pelagie. Arachnida, Solifuga. Rendiconti della Accademia Nazionale delle Scienze (4) 11: 411.

Rorschelt, E. 1906. Neues über den Ersatz verloren gegangener Gliedmaßen bei den Arthropoden. Naturwissenschaftliche Rundschau, 21: 505,506.
Translated title: Concerning the replacement of lost limbs in the arthropods.

Roth, V.D. and Craig, P.R. 1970. Arachnida of the Galápagos Islands (excluding Acari). In 'Résultats Scientifiques du Mission Zoologique Belge aus оles Galapagos et en Ecuador (N. et J. Leleup, 1964-1965).') Vol. 2: 107-124 (Museé Royal de l'Afrique Centrale: Tervuren.)

wRowland, J. M. 1974. A new solpugid of the genus Eremochelis (Arachnida: Solpugida: Eremobatidae) from California with a key to males of the genus. Occassional Papers of the Texas Tech University Museum, (25): 1-8.

Rowland, J.M. and Reddell, J.R. 1976. Annotated checklist of the arachnid fauna of Texas (excluding Acarida and Araneida). Occasional Papers of the Museum of the Texas Technical University 38: 1-25.

Rucker, A. 1903. Further observations on Koenenia. Zoologische Jahrbücher, Abtheilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Thiere 18(3): 401-434.

Rühlemann, H. 1908. Über die Fächerorgane, sog. Malleoli oder Raquettes coxales, des vierten Beinpaares der Solpugiden. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 91: 599-639.
Translated title: Concerning the fan-organs, the so-called malleoli or coxal racquets, on the fourth leg-pairs of the solpugids.

Ruppert, E.E. and Barnes, R.D. 1994. Invertebrate zoology, Sixth edition. Saunders College Publishers: Fort Worth, etc.

Ryall, C. 1987. Solifuges. Bulletin of the East Africa Natural History Society 17(4): 38.

Sabatier, A. 1881. Formation du blastoderme chez les Arachnides. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 92: 200-202.
Translated title: Formation of the blastoderm in arachnids.

Saint-Remy, M. 1886. Recherches sur la structure des centres nerveux chez les Arachnides. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 102: 525-527.
Translated title: Researches on the central nervous system of arachnids.

Saint-Remy, G. 1887. Contribution à l'étude du cerveau chez les arthropodes trachéates. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale. Series 2, 2: 2nd Suppl.
Translated title: Contribution to the survey of the brain of tracheate arthropods.

Saint-Remy, G. 1889. Sur la structure du cerveau chez les Myriopodes et les Arachnides. Rev. Biol., 2: 41-45.
Translated title: On the structure of the brain of the myriapods and arachnids.

Salacroux, A. 1839. 'Nouveaux éléments d'Histoire Naturelle.'. Vol. 2. (Publisher?: Paris.)

Saunders, L.G. 1946. Canadian solpugids (Arachnida). Canadian Field-Naturalist, 60: 132.

Savigny, J. C. 1806. Volume 8. Arachnides. In: Napoleon I, Emperor of the French. Description de l'Égypte, publiée par les ordres de Sa Majesté l'Empereur Napoléon-le-Grand. Histoire naturelle. Paris.
Translated title: Arachids. In: Description of Egypt, published by orders of His Majesty the Emperor Napoléon-le-Grand.
Author: [Jules Câesar Savigny, aka Marie Jules Câesar Lelorgne de Savigny (1777-1851).]
Published: Paris : Impr. impâeriale, 1808-1828.
Note: Translation published 1994: Kèoln : Benedikt Taschen, c1994; 1007 pp. [Conception and text, Gilles Nâeret ; English translation, Chris Miller ; German translation, Bettina Blumenberg].

Savory, T. H. 1935. The Arachnida. xi + 218 pp.
Author: Theodore Horace Savory
Published: London, E. Arnold & co., 1935.
LC Call No.: QL451.S28

Savory, T.H. 1942. Animals. Oxford University Press: London.

Savory, T. H. 1964. Title: Arachnida viii + 291 pp.
Author: Theodore Horace Savory
Published: London, New York, Academic Press, 1964.
LC Call No.: QL451.S28 1964

Savory, T.H. 1964. 'Spiders and Other Arachnids'. (English Universities Press: London.)

Savory, T. H. 1971. Evolution in the Arachnida. vi + 42 pp.
Author: Theodore Horace Savory.
Published: Watford, Merrow Publishing Co. Ltd., 1971.
Series: Merrow monographs: zoology series, 1
LC Call No.: QL459.S28
ISBN: 0900541040 0900541059 (pbk)

Savory, T.H. 1972. On the names of the orders of Arachnida. Systematic Zoology 21: 122-125.

Savory, T. H. 1974. Introduction to arachnology. xiv + 111 pp.
Author: Theodore Horace Savory.
Published: London: Muller, 1974.
LC Call No.: QL451.S33
ISBN: 0584101449

Savory, T. H. 1977. Arachnida. 2nd edition. xi + 340 pp.
Author: Theodore Horace Savory
Published: London ; New York : Academic Press, 1977.
LC Call No.: QL451.S28
ISBN: 0126196605

Say, T. 1823. [Descriptions of Galeodes pallipes Say and Galeodes subulata Say] Volume 2, Page 3 in: James, E. 1822-1823. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburg to the Rocky Mountains. Compiled by E. James. Philadelphia. Two volumes, plus atlas.
Full title: Account of an expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky mountains, performed in the years 1819 and '20, by order of the Hon. J.C. Calhoun, sec'y of war: under the command of Major Stephen H. Long. From the notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other gentlemen of the exploring party; compiled by Edwin James, botanist and geologist for the expedition ...
Compiled by: Edwin James (1797-1861) (botanist and geologist for the expedition).
Authors: Various. Thomas Say (1787-1834) reported
Published: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: H.C. Carey and I. Lea, 1822-23; London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown, 1823; Ann Arbor, Mich.:, University Microfilms, 1966 (March of America facsimile series, No. 65); Barre, Mass: Imprint Society, 1972.
Library of Congress Call No.: F592.J3
Solpugid references: Vol. 2: 3 (1823).

Schaller, F. 1971. Indirect sperm transfer by soil arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology 16: 407-446.

Schaller, F. 1979. Significance of sperm transfer and formation of spermatophores in arthropod phylogeny. In 'Arthropod Phylogeny.'. (Gupta, A. P. Ed.): 587-608 (Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York.)

Schenkel, E. 1932. Notizen ueber einige Skorpione und Solifugen. Revue Suisse de Zoologie, 39: 375-396.
Translated title: Notes about some scorpions and solifuges.

Schenkel, E. 1953. Bericht über einige Spinnentiere aus Venezuela. Verhandlungen der Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Basel 64: 1-57.

Schenker, R. 1980. Erster nachweis einer Solifugae-art (Gluvia dorsalis Latreille 1817) (Arachnida) in Portugal. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 53 (2/3): 283, 284.
Translated title: First evidence of a solifuge species (Gluvia dorsalis Latreille 1817) (Arachnida) in Portugal.

Scheuring, L. 1913. Die Augen der Arachnoideen. I. Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 33: 553-636. 6 Tables.
Translated title: The eyes of the Arachnoidea.

Schimkewitsch, W. 1886. Les Arachnides et leurs affinités. Archives slaves de biologie, 1: 309-319.
Translated title: The arachnids and their affinities.

Schimkewitsch, W. 1894. Sur la signification de l'endosternite des Arachnides (1). Zoologischer Anzeiger, 17: 127-128.
Translated title: On the significance of the arachnid endosternite (1).

Schimkewitsch, W. 1895. Über Bau und Entwicklung des Endosternits der Arachniden. Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 8(2): 191-216.
Translated title: About the construction and development of the endosternite of the arachnids.

Schmidt, G., 2003. Anoplogyllipus sp. (Solifugae: Gyllipidae), eine Walzenspinne aus dem Hochland Tibets - Bericht über eine Reise in Nepal und Tibet. Tarantulas of the World 84: 15-17.

Schmidt, P.Y. 1896. Matrerialy k poznaniyu fauny Semirechenskoi oblasti (otchet o poezdke po Semirechiyu s nauchnoi tsel'yu d 1892 g.) [Materials to knowledge of the fauna of Semirechie Area]. Zapiski Zapadno-Sibirskogo Otdeleniya Russkogo Geograficheskogo Obshchestva 21(1): 1-32. (in Russian)

Schmoller, R.R. 1970. Terrestrial desert arthropods: fauna and ecology. Biologist 52: 77-98.

Schneider, A. 1891. Sur les appareils circulatoires et respiratoires de quelques Arthropodes. Comptes rendus hébdomadaires des séances (Paris), 113: 94-95.
Translated title: On the circulatory and respiratory apparatuses of some Arthropods.

Schnitnikov, V.N. 1931. Nastavlenie k sobiraniyu paukoobraznykh (Arachnoidea) [Manual to collecting of arachnids (Arachnoidea)]. Nastavleniya dlya Sobiraniya Zoologicheskikh Kollektsii, Izdavaemye Zoologicheskim Muzeem Akademii Nauk SSSR 18: 1-20 (in Russian)

Scudder, G.G.E. 1980. The Osoyoos arid biotic area. p.49-55. In Stace-Smith, R., L. Johns and P. Joslin, eds. Threatened and Endangered Species and Habitats in British Columbia and the Yukon. Proc. Symp. B.C. Ministry of the Environment.

Scudder, G.G.E. 1994. An annotated systematic list of the potentially rare and endangered freshwater and terrestrial invertebrates in British Columbia. Entomological Society of British Columbia, Occasional Paper 2: 1-92.

Seba, A. 1765. 'Locupletissimi Rerum Naturalium Thesauri Accurata Descriptio et Iconibus Artificiosissimus Expressio.'. Vol. 4. (Publisher: Amstellodami)

Selden, P.A. 1988. The arachnid fossil record. British Journal of Entomology and Natural History 1: 15-18.

wSelden, P.A. 1993a. Fossil arachnids - recent advances and future prospects. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33: 389-400.

wSelden, P.A. 1993b. Arthropoda (Aglaspidida, Pycnogonida and Chelicerata). In 'The Fossil Record 2'. (Benton, M. J. Ed.): 297-320 (Chapman and Hall: London.)

Selden, P.A. and Dunlop, J.A. 1998. Chapter 7. Fossil taxa and relationships of chelicerates. 303-331. In Edgencombe, G. (ed.) Arthropod Fossils and Phylogeny. Columba University Press.

wSelden, P.A. and Jeram, A.J. 1989. Palaeophysiology of terrestrialisation in the Chelicerata. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 80: 303-310.

wSelden, P. A. and Shear, W. A. 1996. The first Mesozoic Solifugae (Arachnida), from the Cretaceous of Brazil, and a redescription of the Palaeozoic solifuge. Palaeontology, 39: 583-604.

wSensenig, A.T. and Shultz, J.W. 2004. Elastic energy storage in the pedipalpal joints of scorpions and sun-spiders (Arachnida, Scorpiones, Solifugae). Journal of Arachnology 32(1): 1-10.Adobe PDF icon

Shaw, G. and Nodder, E. 1813. 'Naturalist's Miscellany'. Vol. 15. (Shaw and Nodder: London.)

Shipley, A.E. 1909. Introduction to Arachnida and Xiphosura. In 'The Cambridge Natural History.'. (Harmer, S. F. and Harmer, A. E. Eds). Vol. 4: 255-258 (MacMillan and Co.: London.)

Shultz, J.W. 1987. The origin of the spinning apparatus in spiders. Biological Reviews 62: 89-113.

Shultz, J. W. 1989. Morphology of locomotor appendages in Arachnida: evolutionary trends and phylogenetic implications. The Journal of the Linnean Society of London. Zoology, 97: 1-55.

Shultz, J. W. 1990. Evolutionary morphology and phylogeny of Arachnida. Cladistics, 6: 1-38.

Shultz, J.W. 1991. Evolution of locomotion in Arachnida: the hydraulic pressure pump of the giant whipscorpion, Mastigoproctus giganteus (Uropygi). Journal of Morphology 210(1): 13-31.

wShultz, J.W. 1994. The limits of stratigraphic evidence in assessing phylogenetic hypotheses of recent arachnids. Journal of Arachnology 22(2): 169-172. Adobe PDF icon

Sicherer, 0. v. 1908. Die Entwicklung des Arthropodenauges. Sitz. Ber. Ges. Morphol. München, 24: 23-42.
Translated title: The development of eyes of arthropods.

wSidirenko, M. 1891. Notice pour servir à la connaissance de la distribution géographique de la Solpuga arachnoidea.  Rev. Sci. Nat. St. Petersburg, 3(2): 35, 36, 53.
Translated title: Note to serve to the knowledge of the geographical distribution
of Solpuga arachnoidea.

Simon, E. 1872. Arachnides de Syrie, rapportés par M. Charles Piochard de la Brûlerie. Annales de la Sociâetâe Entomologique de France, Series 5, 11: 245-264.
Translated title: Arachnids of Syria, brought back by M. Charles Piochard of the Brûlerie.

Simon, E. 1877. X. Arachnides nouveaux ou peu connus. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (1) 6: 225-242.
Translated title: New or little known arachnids.

Simon, E. 1879a. Essai d'une classification des Galéodes, remarques synonymiques et description d'espèces nouvelles ou mal connues.  Annales de la Sociâetâe Entomologique de France, Series 5, Tome 9: 93-154, Plate 3. 
Translated title: Essay on a classification of the solifuges.

Simon, E. 1879b. Arachnides de France (VII volume, analyse). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (5) 9: clx-clxi.

Simon, E. 1879c. Les Ordres des Chernetes, Scorpiones et Opiliones. In 'Les Arachnides de France'. ). Vol. 7: 1-332 (Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: Paris.)

Simon, E. 1880. Description de deux nouveaux genres de l'ordre des Solifugae. Annales de la Sociâetâe Entomologique de France, Series 5, 10: 399-402.
Translated title: Description of two new genera of the order of the Solifugae.

Simon, E. 1882. Viaggio ad Assab nel mar Rosso, dei signori G. Doria ed O. Beccari con il R. Avviso "Esploratore" dal 16 Novembre 1879 al 26 Febbraio 1880. II. Étude sur les Arachnides de l'Yemen méridional. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova, 18: 207-260.
Translated title: Journey to Assab in the Red sea by Mr. G. Doria and 0. Beccari.

Simon, E. 1884. Arachnides recueillis par M. L'abbé A. David á Smyrne, á Beïrout et á Akbés en 1883. In: Études Arachnologiques. 15e Mémoire. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6)4: 181-196.

Simon, E. 1885a. Matériaux pour servir а la faune arachnologiques de l'Asie méridionale. I. Arachnides recuellis а Wagra-Karoor près Gundacul, district de Bellary par M. M. Chaper. II. Arachnides recuellis а Ramnad, district de Madura par M. l'abbé Fabre. Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France 10: 1-39.

Simon, E. 1885b. Etudes sur les Arachnides recueillis en Tunésie, en 1883 et 1884, par MM. A. Letourneux, M. Sédillot, et Valéry Mayet. Vol. 8: iv + 1-59 in Ministâere de l' education nationale (France). 1885-1903. Exploration scientifique de Tunésie. Ten volumes.
Translated title: Study on the arachnids collected in Tunisia, in 1883 and 1884, by MESSRS. A. Letourneux, M. Sédillot, and Valéry Mayet. In Ministâere de l' education nationale (France). 1885-1903. Scientific Exploration of Tunisia.
Author: Eugáene Simon
Published:  Paris, Imprimerie Nationale, 1885-1897.

Simon, E. 1885c. Matériaux pour servir a la faune des Arachnides de la Grèce. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6)4: 305-356.

Simon, E. 1888. Arachnides recueillis dans le sud de l'Afrique par le Dr. Hans Schinz. Annales de la Sociâetâe Entomologique de France, 7: 369-384.
Translated title: Native arachnids of southern Africa from Dr. Hans Schinz.

Simon, E. 1890a. Études sur les Arachnides de l'Yemen. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6)10: 77-124.

Simon, E. 1890b. Étude sur les Arachnides recueillis par M. L. von Höhnel, officier de a marine autrichienne, pendant l'expédition de M. le comte S. Téléki dans l'Afrique orientale équatoriale, en 1887-1888. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (6)10: 125-130.

Simon, E. 1891. Description des deux espèces nouvelles d'Arachnides rec. dans le Sahara par le Dr. R. Blanchard.  Bulletin de la Société Zoologique de France, 14: 198,199.
Translated title: Description of two new species of arachnids collected in the Sahara by Dr. R. Blanchard.

wSimon, E. 1892. Liste des arachnides recueillis en Syrie par M. Le Dr Théod. Barrois. In: Résultats scientifiques d'un voyage entrepris en Palestine & en Syrie par le Dr Th. Barrois. Revue Biologique du nord de la France 5(2): 3-7

Simon, E. 1895. Galeodes graecus C.L. Koch. Annales de la Société Entomologique de France (5)9: 96-100.

Simon, E. 1897. Arachnides recueillis par M. M. Maindron а Mascate, en Octobre 1896. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 3: 95-97.

Simon, E. 1899a. Liste des Arachnides recueillis en Algérie par M. P. Lesne et description d'une espèce nouvelle. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris 5: 82-87. (82, 85, 86)

Simon, E. 1899b. Arachnides recueillis par M. C.-J. Dewitz en 1898, а Bir-Hooker (Wadi Natron), en Égypte. Bulletin de la Société Entomologique de France 68: 244-247.

Simon, E. 1905. Voyage de M. Maurice Maindron dans l'Inde méridionale (mai а novembre 1901). 7eme Mémoire. Arachnides (1re partie). Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 74: 160-180.

Simon, E. 1909a. Etude sur les arachnides recueillis au Maroc par M. Martinez de la Escalera en 1907. Memorias de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 6 (1): 1-43.
Translated title: Survey of arachnids collected in Morocco by M. Martinez of the Escalera in 1907.

Simon, E. 1909b. Voyage de M. Maurice de Rothschild en Ethiopie et dans l'Afrique orientale anglaise (1904-1906). Arachnides 1. Part. Annales de la Société Entomologique Belge, 53: 29-43.
Translated title: Travel of M. Maurice de Rothschild in Ethiopia and in the English eastern Africa (1904-1906). Arachnids. Part 1.

wSimonetta, A.M. and Delle Cave, L. 1968. A tentative revision of the ceromids and solpugids (Arachnida, Solifugae) from Ethiopia and Somalia in the Italian Museums. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s., Supplemento 2: 151-180.

Simonetta, A.M., Insom, E. and Pucci, A. 2000. Are the Chelicerata a natural group? Some problems of comparative anatomy. Memoire della Società Entomologica Italiana 78: 233-250.

Sláma, K. 1995. Respiratory cycles of Chelifer cancroides (Pseudoscorpiones) and Galeodes sp. (Solifugae). European Journal of Entomology 92(3): 543-552.

Snethlage, E. 1905. Über die Frage vom Muskelansatz und der Herkunft der Muskulatur bei den Arthropoden.  Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung für Anatomie und Ontogenie der Tiere, 21: 495-514.
Translated title: Concerning the question of the muscle-base and the ancestry of the musculature with the arthropods
.

Snodgrass, R.E. 1902. Papers from the Hopkins Stanford Galapagos Expedition, 1898-1899. VII. Entomological results (6). Arachnida, part 2. Field notes. Proceedings of the Washington Academy of Sciences 4: 71-80.

Snodgrass, R.E. 1948. The feeding organs of Arachnida, including mites and ticks. Smithsonian Miscellaneous collections, Washington 110(10): 1-93.

Snow, K.R. 1970. The arachnids: an introduction. Routlegde & Kegan Paul: London.

Sørensen, W. 1914. Recherches sur l'anatomie extérieure et intérieure des Solifuges. Oversigt over det Konigelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger, Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn , 1914: 13-83, pls 1,2.
Translated title: Researches on the anatomy, external and internal, of solifuges.

Sørrensen, W. 1914. Recherches sur l'anatomie extérieure et intérieure des Solifuges. Oversigt over det Konigelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Forhandlinger, Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening i Kjøbenhavn 1914: 131-215.

Sokal, R.S. and  Rohlf, F.J. 1995. Biometry: The Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research.

Sonnini, C.S. 1801a. 'Travels in Greece and Turkey, undertaken by order of Louis XVI, and with the authority of the Ottoman Court. Translated from the French'. Vol. 1. (?: London.)

Sonnini, C.S. 1801b. 'Voyage en Grèce'. Vol. 1. : Paris.

Spencer, G.J. 1959. A solpugid in British Columbia. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of British Columbia, 56: 32.

Stamm, R. H. 1909. Über die Muskelinsertionen an das Chitin bei den Arthropoden.  Anatomischer Anzeiger, 34: 337-349.
Translated title: Concerning the muscle insertion on the chitin in the arthropods.

Stamm, R. H. 1910. Die Muskelinsertionen an das Chitin bei den Arthropoden. Abschließende Bemerkungen.  Anatomischer Anzeiger, 37: 82-83.
Translated title: The muskelinsertionen on the chitin in the arthropods.

Stearns, S.C. 1992. The evolution of life histories.

wStefan, A.W. 1999. Taphocoenoses of arthropods on saltpan floodplains of the Oshana region / Namibia (Arthoropoda: Solifugae, Scorpiones, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Insecta). Entomologia Generalis 23: 281-304.

Stoliczka, F. 1869. Contribution towards the knowledge of Indian Arachnoidea. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 38 (2): 209, Table 18.

Strand, E. 1914. Zweite Mitteilung über Spinnen aus Palästina, gesammelt von Herrn Dr. J. Aharoni. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte. Series A, 80 (3): 173-186.
Translated title: Second communication about spiders from Palestine, collected by Dr. J. Aharoni.

Strand, E. 1916a. Arachnologia varia. XIV-XVIII. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 82A2: 70-76.

Strand, E. 1916b. Arachnologia varia. XIX-XX. Archiv für Naturgeschichte 82A2: 158-167.

Strand, E. 1917. Collectana Arachnologica. Beiträge zur Bibliographie und Geschichte der Arachnologie. Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, Section A (Zoology), 82 (1): 42-69.
Translated title: Collectana Arachnologica. Contributions to the bibliography and history of Arachnology.

Stratton, G.E., Suter, R.B. and Miller, P.R.  2004. Evolution of water surface locomotion by spiders: a comparative approach. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 81: 63-78.

Stromer von Reichenbach. E. 1909. Lehrbuch der Palaeozoologie. 2 volumes.
Translated title: Textbook of Palaeozoology.
Title: Lehrbuch der palèaozoologie, von prof. dr. Ernst freiherr Stromer v. Reichenbach ...
Author: Stromer von Reichenbach, Ernst, b. 1871.
Published: Leipzig and Berlin: B.G. Teubner, 1909-12.
Call Number: QE761.S8
Solplugid references: Vol. 1. Invertebrate animals.

Sturany, R. 1891. Die Coxaldrüsen der Arachnoiden.  Arbeiten aus den Zoologischen Instituten der Universität Wien und der Zoologischen Station in Triest 9: 129-156.
Translated title: Coxal glands of the arachnids.

Sundara Rajulu, G. and Santhanakrishnan. G. 1972. An investigation of the free amino acids in the haemolymph of Arachnida. Zoologischer Anzeiger 189(3/4): 222-232.

Sundevall, C. J., 1833. Conspectus Arachnidum. Diss. Londini Gothorum (Lund).
Author: Carl Jacob Sundevall (1801-1875)

Szinetár, C. 2002a. Pókok és rokonaik. ÉlöVilág, A Kárpát-Medence Természeti Enciklopédiája 32: 3. [in Hungarian].

Szinetár, C. 2002b. Pókok és pókászok. ÉlöVilág, A Kárpát-Medence Természeti Enciklopédiája 32: 4-5. [in Hungarian].

Szinetár, C. 2002c. További pókrokonok. ÉlöVilág, A Kárpát-Medence Természeti Enciklopédiája 32: 24-27. [in Hungarian].

Taschenberg, O. 1908. Einige Bemerkungen zur Deutung gewisser Spinnentiere, die in den Schriften des Altertums vorkommen. Zoologische Annalen (Wèurzburg), 2: 213-268.
Translated title: Some remarks on the interpretation of certain arachnids, which occur in the writings of the antiquity.

Teruel, R.O. and Armas , L. F. de. 2005. Novedades aracnológicas de la República Dominicana (Arachnida: Amblypygi, Schizomida, Solpugida, Uropygi). Boletin de la Sociedad Entomológica Aragonesa 37: 129-133.

wTeruel, R.O. and Díaz, D.  2002. Notas sobre la comunidad de arácnidos (Arachnida: Scorpiones, Solpugida, Schizomida, Amblypygi) de una localidad desértica de la costa suroriental de Cuba. Revista Ibérica de Aracnologia 5: 55-58 Adobe PDF icon

Thaler, K. 1982. Die primarlarve der walzenspinne Gylippus cf. cypriotica Lawrence (Arachnida, Solifugae, Karschiidae). Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft, 55 (1/2): 93-95.
[The first instar larvae of the 'walzenspinne' Gylippus cf. cypriotica Lawrence (Arachnida, Solifugae, Karschiidae).]

Thorell, T. 1876. On the classification of scorpions. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4)17(97): 1-15.

Tikader, B.K. 1973. Arachnida of the Decan Area. Bulletin of the National Institute of Science 45: 260-276 260-263, half of 264, 275

Tikader, B.K. 1987. 'Handbook Indian spiders - a manual for the study of the spiders and their relatives - the scorpions, pseudoscorpions, whip scorpions, harvestmen and all members of the class Arachnida found in India with analytical keys for their classification and biology'. (Zoological Survey of India: Calcutta.)

Titschak, E. 1929. Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen der 2. Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1910-1911. Naturwissenschaftlicher Verein, Hamburg, 22: 87-91.
Translated title: Scorpions, pedipalpi and solifuges the 2nd German central-African expedition 1910-1911.

Toro, M. 1962. Estudio preliminar sobre las caracteristicas de la Clase Arachnida. Publicaciones del Centro de Estudios Entomologicos, Universidad de Chile 4: 27-44.

Treviranus, G. R. 1812. Üeber den innern bau der arachniden. Von G.R. Treviranus. Herausgegeben von der physikalisch-medicinischen societèat in Erlangen. Erstes heft. Nürnberg. 48 pp., 5 plates.
Translated title: [On the internal construction of the arachnids...]
Author: Gottfried Reinhold Treviranus (1776-1837)
Published:  Nürnberg: J.L. Schrag, 1812.
Call No.: QL451.T81 (Cornell University)

wTullgren, A. 1907. Arachnoidea: I. Pedipalpi, Scorpiones, Solifugae, Chelonethi.  In 'Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Schwedischen Zoologischen Expedition nach dem Kilimandjaro, dem Meru und dem umgebenden Massaisteppen Deutsch-Ostafrikas 1905-1906'. Vol. 3(20): 1-15, Table 1.

Tullgren, A. 1909. Solifugae, Scorpiones und Chelonethi aus Ägypten und dem Sudan. In: Jägerskiöld, Results of the Swedish Zool. Exped. to Egypt 1901. Three volumes, 5 parts.Uppsala, Part 3. Nr. 21 A. 0. 1-12.
Translated title (article): Solifugae, Scorpiones and Chelonethi from Egypt and the Sudan.
Title (book): Results of the Swedish zoological expedition to Egypt and the White Nile, 1901, under the direction of L. A. Jägerskiöld.
Author (book): L. A. Jägerskiöld (1867-1945).
Published: [Uppsala] Library of the Royal University of Uppsala [1904-28].
Call Number: QL336.R45
Solpugid references: Part 3 (21): 1-12.

Turbeville, J.M., Pfeifer, D.M., Field, K.G. and Raff, R.A. 1991. The phylogenetic status of arthropods, as inferred from 18S rRNA sequences. Molecular Biology and Evolution 8: 669-686.

Turk, F.A. 1947. On two new species of the family Galeodidae (Solifuga) from Asia. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11) 14: 74-80.

Turk, F.A. 1948. On recent additions to the collection of Solifuga belonging to the Hebrew University of Palestine. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (12) 1: 263-273.

Turk, F. A. 1960. On some sundry species of solifugids in the collection of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 135: 105-124.

Turk, F.A. 1964. Form, size, macromutation and orthogenesis in the Arachnida: an essay. Annals of the Natal Museum 16: 236-255.

Turner, C. H. 1916. Notes on the feeding behavior and oviposition of a captive American false spider (Eremobates formicaria Koch). Journal of Animal Behavior, 6: 160-168.

Tuxen, S.L. 1956. Ein Sinnesorgan in der Chelicere der Solifugen. In 'Hanström Festschrift, Lund.'. ): 307-311 .)

 Vachon, M. 1945. Sur les organes genitaux de quelques solifuges (Arachnides). Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Series 2, 17: 476-482.
Translated title: On the genital organs of some solifuges (Arachnids).

wVachon, M. 1950. Contribution a l'étude de l'Aïr (Mission L. Chopard et A. Villiers). Scorpions, Pseudoscorpions et Solifuges. Mémoires de l'Institut Français d'Afrique Noire. Série A. Sciences Naturelles, 10: 93-107.
Translated title: Contribution to the study of the kinds of scorpions, pseudoscorpions and solifuges.

wVachon, M. 1958. La larve de Galeodes arabs C.L.K. (Arachnide, Solifuge). Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris 246 (3): 477-480.

Vanni, S., Bartolozzi, L. and Whitman-Mascherini, S. 1988. Cataloghi del Museo Zoologico “La Specola” (Sezione del Museo di Storia Naturale) dell'Universita di Firenze. VI. Arachnida Solifugae e Amblypygi: tipi. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie B 94: 373-377.

Vazquez, I.M. 1981a. Contribucion al conocimiento de los solfugos de Mexico (Arachnida: Solpugida). Tesis Profesional. Universidad Nacional autonâoma de Mâexico. 82 pp.
Translated title: Contribution to the knowledge of the solifuges of Mexico (Arachnida: Solpugida).

Vazquez, I. M. 1981b. Nuevos datos de colecta de solifugos de Mexico (Arachnida, Solifugae). Folia Entomologica Mexicana, 48: 80.
Translated title: The first instar larvae of the 'walzenspinne' Gylippus cf. cypriotica Lawrence (Arachnida, Solifugae, Karschiidae).

Vazquez, I. M. 1986. Nuevos eremobatidos Mexicanos (Arachnida: Solpugida). Pp. 281-284 in Egerhard, W. G., Y. D. Lubin, and B. C. Robinson, eds. 1986. Proceedings of the Ninth International Congress of Arachnology, Panama 1983. [9th International Congress of Arachnology, Panama City (Panama), 1-8 August 1983].
Translated title: New Mexican eremobatids (Arachnida: Solpugida).

wVazquez, I. M. 1991. Eremochelis lagunensis, a new species (Arachnida: Solpugida, Eromobatidae) from Baja California Sur, Mexico. Journal of Arachnology, 18 (2): 88-92.Adobe PDF icon

wVázquez, I.M. and Gavino-Rojas, R. 2000. Eremopus acuitilapanensis, a new species (Solifugae, Eremobatidae, Eremobatinae) from Guerrero, México. Journal of Arachnology 28: 227-230Adobe PDF icon

Vázquez-Rojas, I. 1995. Los aracnidos de Mexico parte 1: Ricinulei, Amblypygi, Solifugae, Palpigradi, Schizomida, Uropygi [The arachnids of Mexico, part 1: Ricinulei, Amblypygi, Solifugae, Palpigradi, Schizomida, Uropygi]. Dugesiana 2(1): 15-37.

Vázquez-Rojas, I. 1996. Solifugae. In Llorente Bousquets, J.E., Garcia Aldrete, A.N. and Gonzalez Soriano, E. (eds), Biodiversidad, taxonomia y biogeografia de artropodos de Mexico: hacia una sintesis de su conocimiento [Biodiversity, taxonomy and biogeography of arthropods in Mexico: summary of studies]: 75-78. Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico: Mexico, D.F.

Versluys, J. 1919. Die Kiemen von Limulus und die Lungen der Arachniden. Bijdragen tot de dierkunde, 21: 41-48.
Translated title: The gills of Limulus and the lungs of the arachnids.

Versluys, J. and Demoll, R. 1922. Das Limulus-Problem. Die Verwandtschaftsbeziehungen der Merostomen und Arachnoideen unter sich und mit anderen Arthropoden. Ergebnisse und Fortschritte der Zoologie, 5: 67-388
Translated title: The Limulus problem. The kin-relationships of the Merostoma and Arachnoidea among themselves and with other Arthropods.

Viallanes, M. H. 1892. Centres nerveux et les organes de sens des animaux articulés. Annales des Sciences Naturelles. Zoologie., Series 7, 14: [Pages?].
Translated title: Nervous centers and sense organs of articulated animals.

Villers, C. de. 1789. 'Caroli Linnaei Entomologia, Faunae Suecicae Descriptionibus Aucta.'. Vol. 4. (C. de Villers: Lugduni.)

wVinogradov, B.S. 1948. Falangi-Solifugae [Solpugids-Solifugae]. In 'Zhivotnyi mir SSSR. Zona pustyn''. ). Vol. 2: 292-296 (AN SSSR Publ.: Moscow-Leningrad.) (in Russian)

Visser, D., Wright, M. G., Van Den Berg,  and Giliomee, J. H.  1999. Species richness of arachnids associated with Protea nitida (Proteaceae) in the Cape fynbos. Afr. J. Ecol. 37: 334-343.

Voigt, F.S. 1838. 'Lehrbuch der Zoologie.'. (Publisher?: Stuttgart.)

Walckenaer, C.A. 1805. 'Tableau des Aranéides ou caractères essentiels des tribus, genres, families et races que renferme le genre Aranea de Linné, avec la désignation des espèces comprises dans chacune de ces divisions'. (Impr. De Dentu: Paris.). I-XII, 1-88 pp., 9 pp. with ill., 1 tab.

Walckenaer, C.A. 1837. 'Histoire Naturelle des Insectes. Aptères'. Vol. 1. (Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret: Paris.) I-VI, 1-682. pp. 2-3 absent.

Walter, A. 1889. Transkaspische Galeodiden. In: Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der im Jahre 1886 in Transkaspien (Zoologisches Abtheilung) 1(6).  Zoologische Jahrbèucher. Abteilung fèur Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 4 (1): 103-117 (1095-1109), Taf. XXIX.
Translated title:  Transcaspian Galeodids.

Warburton, C. 1909. Arachnida Embolobranchiata (scorpions, spiders, mites, etc.). In 'The Cambridge Natural History.'. (Harmer, S. F. and Shipley, A. E. Eds). Vol. 4: 297-474 (MacMillan and Co.: London.)

Warren, E. 1939a. On the genital system of certain Solifugae. Annals of the Natal Museum, 9: 139-172.

Warren, E. 1939b. The genital system of Hypoctonus formosus (Butler) (Thelyphonidae). Annals of the Natal Museum 9(2): 307-344.

Watase, S. 1890. On the morphology of the compound eye of Arthropods. Studies from the Biological Laboratory Johns Hopkins University, 4.

Waterlot, G. 1949. Les Arachnides fossiles. In 'Traité de Zoologie.'. (Grassé, P.-P. Ed.). Vol. 6: 893-905 (Masson: Paris.)

Waterlot, G. 1953. Cloasse des Arachnides (Arachnida Cuvier 1812). In: Piveteau, J. (ed.), Traité de paléontologie, vol. 3: 555-584. Masson: Paris.

Webb, J.E., Wallwork, J.A. et al. 1978. 'Guide to Invertebrate Animals'. 2nd edition. (MacMillan Press: London.)

Weickmann, D. 1993. Galeodes fusca, eine Walzenspinne im Terrarium. Latrodecta 13: 12-16.

Weidner, H. 1959. Die Entomologischen Sammlungen des Zoologischen Staatsinstituts und Zoologischen Museums Hamburg. I. Teil. Pararthropoda und Chelicerata I. Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institute 57: 89-142.

Weissenborn, B. 1887. Beiträge zur Phylogenie der Arachniden. Jenaische Zeitschrift für Naturwissenschaft, 20: 33-119.
Translated title: Contributions to the phylogeny of the arachnids.

Werner, F. 1902. Die Skorpione, Pedipalpen und Solifugen in der zoologisch-vergleichend-anatomischen Sammlung der Wiener Universitat. Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien, 52: 595-608.
Translated title: The scorpions, pedipalpi and solifuges in the zoological-comparative anatomical collection of the Viennese University.

wWerner, F. 1905. Ergebnisse einer naturwissenschaftlichen Reise zum Erdschias-Dagh (Kleinasien). I. Zoologischer Teil. Skorpione und Solifugen. Annalen des Kaiserlich Köninglichen Naturhistorischen Hofmuseums in Wien, 20: 113-144.
Translated title: Results of a scientific trip to the Erdschias-Dagh (Asia Minor). I. Scorpions and solifuges.

Werner, F. 1911. Scorpions and allied annulated spiders of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. Report of the Wellcom Tropical Research Laboratories at the Gordon Memorial College, Khartoum, 4: 179-184, Tables 14, 15.

Werner, F. 1916. Über einige Skorpione und Gliederspinnen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wiesbaden. Jahrbèucher des Nassauischen Vereins fèur Naturkunde Utgivning (Wiesbaden), 69: 79-97.
Translated title: About some scorpions and solifugids of the Natural History Musem in Wiesbaden.

wWerner, F. 1922. Skorpione und Solifugen aus dem Amanus-Gebirge.  Archiv fèur Naturgeschichte, Section A (Zoology, 85 (8): 141-145.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifuges from the Amanus-Gebirge (Alman Dagh).

Werner, F. 1925a. Skorpione und Solifugen aus dem östlichen und nördlichen Spanien, gesammelt von Dr. F. Haas in den Jahren 1914-1918. Senckenbergiana, 7: 209-210.
Translated title: Scorpions and solifuges from eastern and northern Spain.

Werner, F. 1925b. Zur Keniitnis der Fauna der Insel Bonaire (Niederländisch Westindien).Arachnida. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie, 125: 540-542.
Translated title: Towards the knowledge of the fauna of the Bonaire Island (Dutch west-India). Arachnida.

wWerner, F. 1935. Insekten und Arachnoideen von den Ägäischen Inseln auf Grund der Bearbeitung zahlreicher Spezialforscher zusammengestell. Akad. der Wissenschaften in Wien. Math-naturwissenschaftliche Klasse. Sitzungsberichte, Abt. 1, B. 144, H. 5-6: 281-297.

Weygoldt, P. 1980. Towards a cladistic classification of the Chelicerata. In 'Verhandlungen des 8. Internationalen Arachnologen-Kongress, Wien'. (Gruber, J. Ed.): 331-334 (H. Egermann: Wien.)

Weygoldt, P. 1998. Evolution and systematics of the Chelicerata. Experimental and Applied Acarology 22: 63-79.

Weygoldt, P. and Paulus, H.F. 1979a. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Chelicerata. I. Morphologische Untersuchungen. Zeitschrift für die Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 17: 85-116.

Weygoldt, P. and Paulus, H.F. 1979b. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie, Taxonomie und Phylogenie der Chelicerata. II. Cladogramme und die Entfaltung der Chelicerata. Zeitschrift für die Zoologische Systematik und Evolutionforschung 17: 177-200.

wWharton, R.A. 1980. Insects and arachnids associated with Zygophyllum simplex (Zygophyllaceae) in the central Namib Desert. Madoqua 12: 131-139.

wWharton, R. A. 1981. Namibian (South Africa) Solifugae. Cimbebasia. Memoir, 5: 3-87.

Wharton, R. A. 1984. Biology of Metasolpuga picta (Kraepelin) (Arachnida, Solifugae). South African Journal of Science, 80: 193.

wWharton, R. A. 1987. Biology of the diurnal Metasolpuga picta (Kraepelin) (Solifugae, Solpugidae) compared with that of nocturnal species. Journal of Arachnology, 14 (3): 363-383. Adobe PDF icon

Wheeler, G.C. and Wheeler, J. 1964. North Dakota arachnid records. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 37: 6-8.

Wheeler, W.C. 1997. Sampling, groundplans, total evidence and the systematics of arthropods. In: Fortey, R.A. and Thomas, R.H. (eds), Arthropod relationships: 87-95. Chapman and Hall: London.

Wheeler, W.C. and Hayashi, C.Y. 1998. The phylogeny of the extant chelicerate orders. Cladistics 14: 173-192.

White, A. 1846. List of Annulosa, (principally insects,) found on the journey of Henry H. Methuen, Esq. In 'Life in the Wilderness; or Wanderings in South Africa'. ): 307-318 (Richard Bentley: London.)

Whittick, R.J. 1939. Notes on Solifugae (Arachnida).- I. Galeodidae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (11) 4: 444-450.

Whittick, R. J. 1941. 5. Arachnida:Scorpiones, Pedipalpi and Solifugae Collected by the British Museum Expedition to South-West Arabia, Bulletin of the British Museum of Natural History, 1: 43-49.

Wingate, B. 1992. UAE invertebrates. Tribulus 2(2): 40.

Wood, J.G. 1863. The illustrated natural history. Routledge, Warne, and Routledge: London.

Woolley, T.A. 1988. 'Acarology: Mites and Human Welfare'. (John Wiley and Sons: New York.)

wXavier, E. and Rocha. L. S. 2001. Autoecology and description of Mummucia mauryi (Solifugae, Mummuciidae), a new solifuge from Brazilian semi-arid Caatinga. Journal of Arachnology 29:127-134.Adobe PDF icon

Yoshikura, M. 1975. Comparative embryology and phylogeny of Arachnida. Kumamoto Journal Science, Biology 12: 71-142.

wZablotzky-Desiatowsky, F. 1838. De Solpuga Arachnoide, circa mare Caspium vivente. Dissertation. Moscow.
Translated title: Of Solpuga Arachnoide, living around the Caspian Sea.

Zakhvatkin, A. A. 1952. [Subdivision of the mites (Acarin) into orders and the positions of these in the system of the Chelicerata.] Parazitologicheskii Sbornik, Zoologicheskii Institut Akademii Nauk SSSR 12: 5-46. [in Russian]

Zavattari, E. 1930. Gli animalia velenosi della Colonia Eritrea. In 'Missione Scientifica per l'Eritrea. Relazione a S.E.S. De Bono, Ministro delle Colonie degli Studi Compuiti nel Bassopiano Occidentale dell'Eritrea dai Proff. U. Gabbi, L. Piras, E. Zavattari, M. Peruzzi, G. Di Domizio, A. Ciotola.'. ): 171-205 (Tip. Donati: Parma.)

Zavattari, E. 1934. 'Prodromo della Fauna della Libia'. (Tipografia già cooperativa: Pavia.)

Zavattari, E. (1957). Rinvenimento delle solpughe nell'Isola di Lampedusa. Bollettino della Societа Entomologica Italiana 87: 63.

Zhang, Z.-Q. (1998). Biology and ecology of trombidiid mites (Acari: Trombidioidea). Experimental and Applied Acarology 22: 139-155.

Zilch, A. (1946). Katalog der Solifugen (Arach.) des Senckenberg-Museums. Senckenbergiana 27: 119-154.

Zittel, K.A. von (1924). 'Grundzüge der Paläontologie (Paläozoologie).'. (R. Oldenbourg: München and Berlin.)

Zograf, N. 1892. Sur l'origine et les parentes des Arthropodes principalement des Arthropodes trachéates.  Proceedings of the International Congress of Zoology, Part 1, page 278.
Translated title: On the origin and the relatives of Arthropods, principally of tracheate arthropods.

Zykoff, W. 1911. Zur geographischen Verbreitung von Galeodes caspius Bir. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 37: 543-544.
Translated title: On the geographical distribution of Galeodes caspius Birula.

 


 

m



THE UNAUTHORIZED COPYING, DISPLAYING OR OTHER USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS OR OTHER CONTENT  FROM THIS SITE IS ILLLEGAL. 
© Copyright 2005-2006.  All images in this site, even if they do not include an individual statement of copyright, are protected under the U. S. Copyright Act.  They may not be "borrowed" or otherwise used without our express permission or the express permission of the photographer(s),  artist(s), or author(s).  For permission, please submit your request to wsavary@yahoo.com.