The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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Major Collections

Approximately 30,500 solifuge specimens or specimen lots are housed in collections around the world.  These collections are a valuable resource, serving as something of a 'lending library' from which researchers borrow material for study.  It is largely through the study of specimens from these collections that our understanding of the taxonomy and phylogeny of the Solifugae develops.  Approximately 48% of this material is identified, and only 35% is databased.  The largest collections, including 50% of the world’s unprocessed material, are housed in southern Africa, while the bulk of the type specimens (54%) reside in European institutions.   The graph and table below further summarize the distribution of these holdings.  The legend at the bottom of this page explains the abbreviations used in the table.
 

 Distribution of solifuge collections by continent:



Distribution of solifuge collections by institution:
(See abbreviations at bottom of page)

Region

Country

Collection

Types

Est. Non-
type Lots

Total
Material

% Non-type Lots
Identified

Est. Non-type Lots
Identified

% Databased

Est. Databased

Africa

Egypt

ACE

0

100

100

0

0

0

0

 

Kenya

NMK

0

270

270

0

0

100

270

 

Morocco

ISC

4

 

4

 

0

0

0

 

Namibia

DERU

10

50

60

100

50

0

0

 

 

NMWN

47

2500

2547

70

1750

80

2038

 

South Africa

AMGS

20

500

520

 

0

0

0

 

 

MMK

1

10

11

10

1

0

0

 

 

NMBA

0

1378

1378

 

0

 

0

 

 

NMSA

74

572

646

53

303

100

646

 

 

PPRI

0

325

325

18

59

100

325

 

 

SAMC

32

955

987

69

659

100

987

 

 

TMSA

66

5000

5066

20

1000

10

507

 

Zimbabwe

NHMZ

0

2000

2000

0

0

0

0

 

Total

 

254

13660

13914

27

3822

34

4772

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Asia

Azerbaijan

IZA

24

10

34

 

0

0

0

 

China

IZB

0

18

18

100

18

0

0

 

Georgia

GSMT

5

2

7

 

0

0

0

 

India

IMC

 

1

1

 

0

0

0

 

Israel

HU

21

500

521

 

0

0

0

 

 

UTA

1

 

1

 

0

0

0

 

Kazakhstan

AGC

18

2000

2018

95

1900

50

1009

 

Oman

ONHM

0

24

24

50

12

0

0

 

Russia

IASE

1

7

8

100

7

0

0

 

 

ZISP

237

1592

1829

90

1433

0

0

 

 

ZMMU

29

270

299

90

243

0

0

 

Turkey

NUT

0

4

4

0

0

0

0

 

 

TTC

0

16

16

50

8

0

0

 

Total

 

336

4444

4780

76

3621

21

1009

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Europe

Austria

NMWA

14

230

244

55

127

0

0

 

Belgium

MRAC

95

628

723

50

314

100

723

 

Bulgaria

NMS

0

24

24

50

12

0

0

 

Czech Republic

MMB

0

113

113

50

57

0

0

 

 

NMPC

0

18

18

50

9

0

0

 

 

SPC

0

30

30

100

30

0

0

 

Denmark

ZMUC

19

105

124

53

56

0

0

 

Finland

ZMHU

0

43

43

80

34

0

0

 

 

ZMTU

0

6

6

50

3

0

0

 

France

MNHN

70

 

70

 

0

0

0

 

Germany

GPIUH

1

0

1

100

0

100

1

 

 

JWC

1

0

1

100

0

100

1

 

 

MFNC

1

0

1

100

0

100

1

 

 

NMWD

0

37

37

 

0

0

0

 

 

SMF

419

462

881

90

416

100

881

 

 

SMTD

0

16

16

90

14

0

0

 

 

UMB

 

 

0

 

0

0

0

 

 

ZMHB

186

234

420

98

229

25

105

 

 

ZMUG

0

35

35

80

28

100

35

 

 

ZMUH

87

492

579

100

492

100

579

 

 

ZSM

5

 

5

 

0

 

0

 

Italy

ATC

1

 

1

 

0

0

0

 

 

MIZT

0

17

17

89

15

100

17

 

 

MSNG

12

110

122

80

88

0

0

 

 

MSNM

1

 

1

 

0

0

0

 

 

MZUF

20

72

92

 

0

0

0

 

 

VVC

0

50

50

0

0

0

0

 

Spain

AMC

0

1

1

100

1

0

0

 

 

IBAB

 

2

2

 

0

 

0

 

 

MNCM

 

 

0

 

0

 

0

 

Sweden

NHRM

10

50

60

16

8

0

0

 

 

ZMLU

5

90

95

100

90

4

4

 

Switzerland

NMBS

2

 

2

 

0

 

0

 

 

NMG

9

162

171

12

20

0

0

 

Netherlands

RMNH

0

100

100

20

20

100

100

 

 

ZMA

0

44

44

12

5

0

0

 

UK

BMNH

128

162

290

97

157

100

290

 

 

OUMNH

0

35

35

50

18

0

0

 

Total

 

1086

3368

4454

50

2243

61

2737

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

North
America

Mexico

IBUNAM

3

240

243

46

110

100

243

 

USA

AMNH

100

2600

2700

70

1820

20

540

 

 

ANSP

2

 

2

 

0

 

0

 

 

BNHM

2

 

2

 

0

 

0

 

 

BYU

8

10

18

80

8

 

0

 

 

CAS

28

80

108

50

40

30

32

 

 

DMNS

43

178

221

66

117

13

29

 

 

FMNH

0

371

371

5

19

0

0

 

 

FSCA

15

80

95

80

64

80

76

 

 

MCZ

11

325

336

71

231

100

336

 

 

UCB

0

150

150

50

75

 

0

 

 

UCR

1

10

11

100

10

0

0

 

 

UNMC

0

20

20

50

10

 

0

 

 

USNM

18

2500

2518

20

500

20

504

 

 

YPM

1

0

1

100

0

100

1

 

Total

 

232

6564

6796

44

3004

26

1761

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Caribbean

Cuba

IES

25

80

105

90

72

0

0

 

 

BIOECO

21

40

61

90

36

0

0

South America

Argentina

MACN

12

750

762

40

300

30

229

 

 

MLP

4

0

4

100

0

100

4

 

 

MMA

2

 

2

 

0

 

0

 

Brazil

IBSP

0

2

2

 

0

0

0

 

 

INPA

0

1

1

0

0

0

0

 

 

MCTP

0

1

1

100

1

0

0

 

 

MNRJ

18

32

50

36

12

100

50

 

 

MZUSP

10

14

24

80

11

0

0

 

 

UFMT

0

1

1

100

1

0

0

 

Chile

MZUC

0

54

54

39

21

100

54

 

Venezuela

MHNLS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

92

975

1067

43

454

32

337

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

 

 

2000

29011

31011

42

13143

34

10615

Abbreviations: ACE (Arachnid Collection of Egypt, Caïro); NMK (National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi); ISC (Institut Scientifique Chérifien, Rabat); DERU (Desert Ecological Research Unit, Gobabeb); NMWN (National Museum of Namibia, Windhoek); AMGS (Albany Museum, Grahamstown); MMK (McGregor Museum, Kimberley); NMBA (National Museum, Bloemfontein); NMSA (Natal Museum, Pietermaritzburg); PPRI (National Collection of Arachnida, Plant Protection Research Institute, Pretoria); SAMC (South African Museum, Cape Town); TMSA (Transvaal Museum, Pretoria); NHMZ (Natural History Museum of Zimbabwe, Bulawayo); IZA (Institute of Zoology, Baku); IZB (Institute of Zoology, Beijing); GSMT (Georgian State Museum, Tbilisi); IMC (Indian Museum, Calcutta); HU (Hebrew University, Jerusalem); UTA (University of Tel-Aviv); AGC (A.V. Gromov Collection, Almaty); IASE (Siberian Zoological Museum, Institute for Animal Systematics and Ecology, Novosibirsk); ONHM (Oman Natural History Museum, Muscat); ZISP (Zoological Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, St. Petersburg); ZMMU (Zoological Museum, Moscow State University); NUT (Nigde University); TTC (T. Türkeş Collection, Ankara); NMWA (Naturhistorisches Museum, Wien); MRAC (Museé Royal de l’Afrique Centrale, Tervuren); NMS (National Museum of Natural History, Sofia); MMB (Department of Entomology, Moravian Museum, Brno); NMPC (National Museum of Natural History, Prague); SPC (S. Pekar Collection, Brno); ZMUC (Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen); ZMHU (Zoological Museum, Helsinki University); ZMTU (Zoological Museum, Turku University); MNHN (Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris); GPIUH (Geological-Palaeontological Institute, University of Hamburg); JWC (J. Wunderlich Collection, Hirschberg-Lauetrhausen); MFNC (Museum für Naturkunde, Chemnitz); NMWD (Naturhistorischen Museum, Wiesbaden); SMF (Naturmuseum und Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg, Frankfurt am Main); SMTD (Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde, Dresden); UMB (Uberseemuseum, Bremen); ZMHB (Museum für Naturkunde der Humboldt Universität, Berlin); ZMUG (Zoological Insitute & Museum, Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-University Greifswald); ZMUH (Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg); ZSM (Zoologische Staatssammlung, Munich); ATC (A. Toschi Collection, Bologna); MIZT (Museo ed Instituto di Zoologia Sistematica della Universita di Torino); MSNG (Museo Civico di Storia Naturale “Giacomo Doria”, Genova); MSNM ( Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano); MZUF (Museo de Zoologia dell Universita di Firenze); VVC (Valerio Vignoli Collection, Siena); AMC (A. Melic Collection, Zaragoza); IBAB (Iniversitat de Barcelona); MNCM (Museum of Natural Sciences of Madrid); NHRM (Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm); NMBS (Naturhistorishen Museums zu Basel); ZMLU (Zoological Museum, Lund University); RMNH (Naturalis, Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, Leiden); ZMA (Zoologisch Museum, Amsterdam); BMNH (Natural History Museum, London); OUMNH (Oxford University Museum of Natural History); IBUNAM (Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Mexico); AMNH (American Museum of Natural History, New York); ANSP (Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia); BNHM (Boston Society of Natural History, Boston); BYU (Brigham Young University, Provo); CAS (California Academy of Science, San Francisco); DMNS (Denver Museum of Nature and Science, Denver); FMNH (Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago); FSCA (Florida State Collection of Arthropods, Gainesville); MCZ (Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge); UCB (University of California, Berkeley); UCR (University of California, Riverside); UNMC (Museum of Southwestern Biology, University of New Mexico); USNM (National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC); YPM (Peabody Museum, Yale); IES (Instituto de Ecología y Sistemática, Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, La Habana); BIOECO (Centro Oriental de Biodiversidad, Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología y Medio Ambiente, Santiago de Cuba); MACN (Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturale, Buenos Aires); MLP (Museo de La Plata); MMA (Museo de Mendoza); IBSP (Instituto Butantan, Sao Paulo); INPA (Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Manaus); MCTP (Museu de Ciencias e Tecnologia da Pontificia Universidade Catolica do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre); MNRJ (Museo Nacional Rio de Janeiro); MZUSP (Museu de Zoologia da Universidade de Sao Paulo); UFMT (Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Cuiaba); MZUC (Museo Zoológico, Universidad de Concepción); MHNLS (Museo de Historia Natural ‘La Salle’, Caracas).