The Arachnid Order Solifugae

IntroductionPhylogeny/TaxonomyBiogeography/EndemismBiology/EcologyCollections/ResearchBibliographyGlossaryLinks


PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
Family Galeodidae
Genus Galeodes
     Galeodes abessinicus
     Galeodes adamsi
     Galeodes afghanus
     Galeodes agilis
     Galeodes anatoliae
     Galeodes annandalei
     Galeodes arabs
        Galeodes a. arabs
        Galeodes a. syriacus
     Galeodes araneoides
     Galeodes armeniacus
     Galeodes ater
     Galeodes atriceps
     Galeodes atroluteus
     Galeodes atrospinatus
     Galeodes aulicus
     Galeodes auronitens
     Galeodes australis
     Galeodes babylonicus
     Galeodes bacillatus
     Galeodes bacillifer
     Galeodes bacilliferoides
     Galeodes bactrianus
     Galeodes barbarus
     Galeodes belutschistanus
     Galeodes bengalicus
     Galeodes bicolor
     Galeodes blanchardi
     Galeodes bocharicus
     Galeodes bogojavlenskii
     Galeodes bubi
     Galeodes caspius
        Galeodes c. caspius
        Galeodes c. fuscus
        Galeodes c. pallasi
        Galeodes c. subfuscus
     Galeodes chitralensis
     Galeodes citrinus
     Galeodes clavatus
     Galeodes conversus
     Galeodes crassichelis
     Galeodes ctenogaster
     Galeodes ctenoides
     Galeodes cursor
     Galeodes dahlahensis
     Galeodes darendensis
     Galeodes darius
     Galeodes dekanicus
     Galeodes dellacaveae
     Galeodes discolor
     Galeodes distinctus
     Galeodes edentatus
     Galeodes egregius
     Galeodes elegans
     Galeodes ephippiatus
     Galeodes excelsius
     Galeodes fatalis
     Galeodes fessanus
     Galeodes festivus
     Galeodes flavivittatus
     Galeodes forcipatus
     Galeodes franki
     Galeodes fremitans
     Galeodes fumigatus
     Galeodes graecus
     Galeodes granti
     Galeodes gravelyi
     Galeodes gromovi
     Galeodes hellenicus
     Galeodes indicus
     Galeodes inermis
     Galeodes insidiator
     Galeodes interjectus
     Galeodes intermedius
     Galeodes interritus
     Galeodes karunensis
     Galeodes kermanensis
     Galeodes koeiena
     Galeodes kozlovi
     Galeodes kraepelini
     Galeodes krausi
     Galeodes lacertosus
     Galeodes laevipalpis
     Galeodes laniator
     Galeodes lapidosus
     Galeodes lawrencei
     Galeodes levyi
     Galeodes limitatus
     Galeodes lindbergi
     Galeodes litigiosus
     Galeodes loeffleri
     Galeodes luteipalpis
     Galeodes lybicus
     Galeodes lycaonis
     Galeodes macmahoni
     Galeodes marginatus
     Galeodes mauryi
     Galeodes medusae
     Galeodes melanalis
     Galeodes melanopalpus
     Galeodes minimus
     Galeodes minitor
     Galeodes mongolicus
     Galeodes montivagans
     Galeodes mosconibronzii
     Galeodes nachitschevanicus
     Galeodes nigrichelis
     Galeodes notatus
     Galeodes olivieri
     Galeodes orientalis
     Galeodes pallescens
     Galeodes palpalis
     Galeodes parvus
     Galeodes perotis
     Galeodes philippovi
     Galeodes philippoviczi
     Galeodes pinkasi
     Galeodes pirzadanus
     Galeodes pococki
     Galeodes przevalskii
     Galeodes pugnator
     Galeodes pusillus
     Galeodes rapax
     Galeodes reimoseri
     Galeodes revestitus
     Galeodes rhamses
     Galeodes rhodicola
     Galeodes roeweri
     Galeodes rufogriseus
     Galeodes rufulus
     Galeodes ruptor
     Galeodes sabulosus
     Galeodes sarpolensis
     Galeodes schach
     Galeodes schendicus
     Galeodes scythicus
     Galeodes sedulus    
     Galeodes sejugatus
     Galeodes separandus
     Galeodes setipes
     Galeodes setulosus
     Galeodes signatus
     Galeodes simplex
     Galeodes smirnovi
     Galeodes somalicus
     Galeodes spectabilis
     Galeodes spinipalpis
     Galeodes starmuehlneri
     Galeodes striatipalpis
     Galeodes subbarbarus
     Galeodes subsimilis
     Galeodes sulfuripes
     Galeodes sulphureopilosus
     Galeodes tangkharzarensis
     Galeodes tarabulus
     Galeodes taurus
     Galeodes testaceus
     Galeodes theodori
     Galeodes tillmani
     Galeodes timbuktus
        Galeodes t. brunneipalpis
        Galeodes t. timbuktus
     Galeodes toelgi
     Galeodes trichotichnus
     Galeodes trinkleri
     Galeodes tripolitanus
     Galeodes truculentus
     Galeodes turanus
     Galeodes turcmenicus
     Galeodes turkestanus
     Galeodes turki
     Galeodes tuxeni
     Galeodes uzbecus
     Galeodes veemi
     Galeodes venator
     Galeodes ventralis
     Galeodes versicolor
     Galeodes viridipilosus
     Galeodes vittatus
     Galeodes wadaicus
     Galeodes zarudnyi

Genus Galeodopsis
Genus Galeodumus
Genus Gluviema
Genus Othoes
Genus Paragaleodes
Genus Paragaleodiscus
Genus Roeweriscus
Genus Zombis

Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family Rhagodidae

 Family Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

Galeodes graecus C .L. Koch 1842

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Galeodes araneoides (Pallas): C .L. Koch, 1836: 7, figs 164-165 (misidentification) (not seen).
Galeodes graecus
C .L. Koch, 1842: 353; C .L. Koch, 1850: 97; Butler, 1873: 418; Pavesi, 1876: 73; Pavesi, 1878: 363; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pavesi, 1883: 7; Simon, 1885a: 349; Lucas, 1890: lvi-Ivii; Simon, 1890b: 130; Bertkau, 1892a: 10; Simon, 1892: 7; Bernard, 1893b: 439, fig. 6; Hansen, 1893: 185, 187; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Simon, 1899a: 245; Kraepelin, 1901: 20-21; Werner, 1902: 607; Fage, 1921: 102; Werner, 1922: 144; Roewer, 1928: 452; Drenski, 1931: 87-94, figs 1-4; Kastner, 1932: figs 1-2; Kastner, 1933-1935: figs 273-274, 312; Roewer, 1934: 531; Werner, 1935: 294; Roewer, 1941: 160; Zilch, 1946: 144; Turk, 1948: 271; Millot and Vachon, 1949: figs 243, 244a; Zakhvatkin, 1952: fig. 21; Lawrence, 1954a: 120; Kastner, 1956: fig. 587; Roewer, 1959a: 35; Kaestner, 1968: fig. 12-8; Kaestner, 1969: fig. 616; Barnes, 1987: fig. 13-45; Ludwig and Alberti, 1990: 255, fig. 2; Ludwig and Alberti, 1992: 1-10, figs 1-3, 5, 9, 13-15; Ruppert and Barnes, 1994: fig. 13-39b.
Galeodes arabs
CL. Koch: Pocock, 1895a: 77 (in part).
Not Galeodes graecus CL. Koch: Simon, 1879a: 100-101, fig. 3 (misidentification, see Galeodes occidentalis Simon)

Types:    .

Original description ():

Translation: .

Subsequent accounts:

Schlűssel der ♂♂ (inkl. Diagnose):
1" Beweglicher Finger mit 2 oder 3 Zwischenzähnen ...............................................................8
8". Eeweglicher Finger mit 3 Zwischenzähnen..........................................................................35
35".

Unbeweglicher Finger mit 2 Zwischenzähnen......................................................................36

36".

Metatarsus der Pedipalpen mit Zylinderborsten...................................................................45

45". Wenigstens das 6. Sternit des Opisthosoma mit Ctenidien...................................................46
46'. Nur das 6. Sternit des Opisthosoma mit einer Ctenidien·Querreihe......................................47
47". Ctenidien des 6. Sternit des Opisthosoma nadelrmig (typ. I).............................................50
50'..

Sohlenbaare de. 4. Tarsus nadelförmig oder spindelförmig (typ. I oder II)............................51

51'. Sohlenhaare des 4. Tarsus spindelförmig (typ. II) Opisthosoma dorsal mit schwarzer Mittelbinde;  Körperlänge 34-43 mm; südl. Balkanländer, griech. Inseln, Cypern , Kleinasien .. 36. G. graecus
 
Schlűssel der ♀♀ (inkl. Diagnose):
1". Beweglicher Finger mit 2, 3 oder 4 Zwischenzähnen............................................................12
12". Beweglicher Finger mit 3 oder 4 Zwischenzähnen................................................................37
37'.

Beweglicher Finger mit 3 Zwischenzähnen, unbeweglicher Finger mit 2 Zwischenzähnen.......38

38'. Opisthosoma auf dem 6. Sternit mit einer Querreihe nadelförmiger Ctenidien (typ. I).............39
39'. Opisthosoma dorsal mit dunkler Mittelbinde........................................................................40
40". Metatarsus der Pedipalpen ventral mit echten Dornen besetzt...............................................41
41". 2. und 3. Metatarsus ventral mit jeweils 1.2 Dornborsten; Körperlänge bis 43 mm; Südl. Balkanländer, griech. Inseln, Cypern, Kleinasien..............................................36. G. graecus
 

 

36. Galeodes graecus C. L. Koch 1842 S. 353; weitere Lit. und Synonyma: Kraepelin 1901 S. 20; Werner 1922 S. 144 (sub G. tölgi). Wir rechnen hierher nur diejenigen Formen, die am unbeweglichen Finger 2 und am beweglichen Finger 3 Zwischenzähne, sowie am Metatarsus der Pedipalpen des ♂ ventrale Zylinderborsten besitzen; auch die ♀♀ haben am 6. Opisthosomalsternit nadelförmige Ctenidien.
♂, ♀ - Griechenland und Makedonien (Akrokorinth, Karasinansi, Prilep, Hudova, usw.) griech. Inseln (Nikaria, Kalyrnnos); Klein-Asien (Alexandrette, Smyrna, Sendjirli, Taurus, Angora, Güllik Dagh, Bosanta, Gjölbanchi); Cypern; Armenien (Disk Arisch Elisabethpol); Nord-Syrien (Marasch) - (vidi 26 ♂, 53 ♀, inkl. Expl. Kochs).

Translation: .

Key to males (including diagnoses):
 Movable finger with 2 or 3 intermediate teeth........................................................................8
1"
8". Movable finger with 3 intermediate teeth..............................................................................35
35".

Fixed Finger with 2 Intermediate teeth.................................................................................36

36".

Metatarsus of the Pedipalp with Cylinder-bristles.................................................................45

45". At least the 6. Sternite of the Opisthosoma with Ctenidia......................................................46
46'. Only the 6th Sternite of the Opisthosoma with a single transverse row of Ctenidia.................47
Ctenidia of the 6th sternite of the Opisthosoma needle-shaped (typ. I)..................................50
47'.
50'. Hairs on the soles of the 4th  tarsus needle-like or spindle-shaped (Type I or II)...................51
51.'

Hairs on the soles of the 4. Tarsus spindle-shaped(Type II) Opisthosoma dorsal with black Median band;  Body length 34-43 mm; südl. Balkanländer, griech. Inseln, Cypern , Kleinasien ......................................................................................................................36. G. graecus

Key to females (including diagnoses):
1".   Movable finger with 2, 3 or 4 intermediate teeth...................................................................12
12". Movable finger with 3 or 4 Intermediate teeth.......................................................................37
37'.

Movable Finger with 3 Intermediate teeth, fixed Finger with 2 Intermediate teeth...................38

38' Opisthosoma on the 6. Sternit with a single Row of needle-shaped Ctenidia (typ. I)...............39
39'. Opisthosoma dorsally with darker Median band...................................................................40
40". Metatarsus of the Pedipalps ventrally occupied with true spines..........41
41". 2nd and 3rd metatarsus ventrally each with 1.2 spinelike bristles; Body length up to 43 mm; southern Balkan countries, Greek islands, Cyprus, Asia Minor..........................36. G. graecus

Distribution: Armenia, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Egypt, Greece, Syria, Turkey



Type locality: Peloponnisos (as Moree), Greece.

 



THE UNAUTHORIZED COPYING, DISPLAYING OR OTHER USE OF PHOTOGRAPHS OR OTHER CONTENT  FROM THIS SITE IS ILLLEGAL. 
© Copyright 2005-2006.  All images in this site, even if they do not include an individual statement of copyright, are protected under the U. S. Copyright Act.  They may not be "borrowed" or otherwise used without our express permission or the express permission of the photographer(s),  artist(s), or author(s).  For permission, please submit your request to wsavary@yahoo.com.