The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
Family Galeodidae
Genus Galeodes
     Galeodes abessinicus
     Galeodes adamsi
     Galeodes afghanus
     Galeodes agilis
     Galeodes anatoliae
     Galeodes annandalei
     Galeodes arabs
        Galeodes a. arabs
        Galeodes a. syriacus
     Galeodes araneoides
     Galeodes armeniacus
     Galeodes ater
     Galeodes atriceps
     Galeodes atroluteus
     Galeodes atrospinatus
     Galeodes aulicus
     Galeodes auronitens
     Galeodes australis
     Galeodes babylonicus
     Galeodes bacillatus
     Galeodes bacillifer
     Galeodes bacilliferoides
     Galeodes bactrianus
     Galeodes barbarus
     Galeodes belutschistanus
     Galeodes bengalicus
     Galeodes bicolor
     Galeodes blanchardi
     Galeodes bocharicus
     Galeodes bogojavlenskii
     Galeodes bubi
     Galeodes caspius
        Galeodes c. caspius
        Galeodes c. fuscus
        Galeodes c. pallasi
        Galeodes c. subfuscus
     Galeodes chitralensis
     Galeodes citrinus
     Galeodes clavatus
     Galeodes conversus
     Galeodes crassichelis
     Galeodes ctenogaster
     Galeodes ctenoides
     Galeodes cursor
     Galeodes dahlahensis
     Galeodes darendensis
     Galeodes darius
     Galeodes dekanicus
     Galeodes dellacaveae
     Galeodes discolor
     Galeodes distinctus
     Galeodes edentatus
     Galeodes egregius
     Galeodes elegans
     Galeodes ephippiatus
     Galeodes excelsius
     Galeodes fatalis
     Galeodes fessanus
     Galeodes festivus
     Galeodes flavivittatus
     Galeodes forcipatus
     Galeodes franki
     Galeodes fremitans
     Galeodes fumigatus
     Galeodes graecus
     Galeodes granti
     Galeodes gravelyi
     Galeodes gromovi
     Galeodes hellenicus
     Galeodes indicus
     Galeodes inermis
     Galeodes insidiator
     Galeodes interjectus
     Galeodes intermedius
     Galeodes interritus
     Galeodes karunensis
     Galeodes kermanensis
     Galeodes koeiena
     Galeodes kozlovi
     Galeodes kraepelini
     Galeodes krausi
     Galeodes lacertosus
     Galeodes laevipalpis
     Galeodes laniator
     Galeodes lapidosus
     Galeodes lawrencei
     Galeodes levyi
     Galeodes limitatus
     Galeodes lindbergi
     Galeodes litigiosus
     Galeodes loeffleri
     Galeodes luteipalpis
     Galeodes lybicus
     Galeodes lycaonis
     Galeodes macmahoni
     Galeodes marginatus
     Galeodes mauryi
     Galeodes medusae
     Galeodes melanalis
     Galeodes melanopalpus
     Galeodes minimus
     Galeodes minitor
     Galeodes mongolicus
     Galeodes montivagans
     Galeodes mosconibronzii
     Galeodes nachitschevanicus
     Galeodes nigrichelis
     Galeodes notatus
     Galeodes olivieri
     Galeodes orientalis
     Galeodes pallescens
     Galeodes palpalis
     Galeodes parvus
     Galeodes perotis
     Galeodes philippovi
     Galeodes philippoviczi
     Galeodes pinkasi
     Galeodes pirzadanus
     Galeodes pococki
     Galeodes przevalskii
     Galeodes pugnator
     Galeodes pusillus
     Galeodes rapax
     Galeodes reimoseri
     Galeodes revestitus
     Galeodes rhamses
     Galeodes rhodicola
     Galeodes roeweri
     Galeodes rufogriseus
     Galeodes rufulus
     Galeodes ruptor
     Galeodes sabulosus
     Galeodes sarpolensis
     Galeodes schach
     Galeodes schendicus
     Galeodes scythicus
     Galeodes sedulus    
     Galeodes sejugatus
     Galeodes separandus
     Galeodes setipes
     Galeodes setulosus
     Galeodes signatus
     Galeodes simplex
     Galeodes smirnovi
     Galeodes somalicus
     Galeodes spectabilis
     Galeodes spinipalpis
     Galeodes starmuehlneri
     Galeodes striatipalpis
     Galeodes subbarbarus
     Galeodes subsimilis
     Galeodes sulfuripes
     Galeodes sulphureopilosus
     Galeodes tangkharzarensis
     Galeodes tarabulus
     Galeodes taurus
     Galeodes testaceus
     Galeodes theodori
     Galeodes tillmani
     Galeodes timbuktus
        Galeodes t. brunneipalpis
        Galeodes t. timbuktus
     Galeodes toelgi
     Galeodes trichotichnus
     Galeodes trinkleri
     Galeodes tripolitanus
     Galeodes truculentus
     Galeodes turanus
     Galeodes turcmenicus
     Galeodes turkestanus
     Galeodes turki
     Galeodes tuxeni
     Galeodes uzbecus
     Galeodes veemi
     Galeodes venator
     Galeodes ventralis
     Galeodes versicolor
     Galeodes viridipilosus
     Galeodes vittatus
     Galeodes wadaicus
     Galeodes zarudnyi

Genus Galeodopsis
Genus Galeodumus
Genus Gluviema
Genus Othoes
Genus Paragaleodes
Genus Paragaleodiscus
Genus Roeweriscus
Genus Zombis

Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family Rhagodidae

 Family Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

Galeodes barbarus Lucas 1849


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 




Type locality: Algeria.

Galeodes barbarus Lucas: Duges and Edwards, 1836: plate 20 bis figs 2, 2a (nomen nudum) (as Galeodes barbara [sic]); Blanchard, 1847: 227-238, figs 1-3 (nomen nudum) (as Galeodcs barbara [sic]).
Galeodes intrepidus
Dufour: C. L. Koch, 1842: 354 (misidentification); C .L. Koch, 1847: 89-91, fig. 1479 (misidentification); Lucas, 1849: 281-282 (misidentification); Dufour, 1861: 384-385, plate 1 fig. 3 (misidentification).
Galeodes barbarus
Lucas, 1849: 279-281, plate 18 fig. 7; Dufour, 1853: 5-8, figs 1-3 (as Galeodes barbara [sic]); Dufour, 1861: 379-381, plate 1 fig. 1; Butler, 1873: 420; Simon, 1879a: 102-103, fig. 4; Simon, 1879c: 77; Pavesi, 1880: 316; Simon, 1885c: 44; Bertkau, 1892a: lO; Bertkau, 1892b: 1lO; Pocock, 1895a: 75; Simon, 1899b: 85; Daiber, 1913: figs 40b, 41b; Caporiacco, 1932: 407; Roewer, 1934: 534; Caporiacco, 1936: 99; Caporiacco, 1937a: 147; Moriggi, 1941: 287; Roewer, 1941: 162; Vachon, 1945: 476,480, figs 3,10; Zilch, 1946: 143; Benoit, 1964: 95-96, fig. 6; Delle Cave, 1979b: 396, fig. 1; Bauchhenss, 1983: 129,fig.1.
Paragaleodes barbarus
(Lucas): Kraepelin, 1899a: 204; Kraepelin, 1899b: 376; Kraepelin, 1901: 24; Werner, 1902: 607; Tullgren, 1907a: 2; Kraepelin, 1908c: 217; Borelli, 1925: 12; Borelli, 1930: 219 (as Paragaleodes barbatus [sic]).
Galeodes (Paragaleodes) barbarus
(Lucas): Binda, 1914: 662.

Types:    .

Original description ():

Translation: .

Subsequent accounts:

Schlüssel der ♂♂ (inkl. Diagnose):
1". Beweglicher Finger mit 2 oder 3 Zwischenzähnen...........................................................................8
8'. Beweglicher Finger mit 2 Zwischenzähnen......................................................................................9
9'. Unbeweglicher Finger mit 1 Zwischenzahn....................................................................................10
10'. Metatarsus der Pedipalpen ventral ohne Zylinderborsten...............................................................11
11".

Wenigstens das 6. Sternit des Opisthosoma mit nachweisbaren Ctenidien; Malleoli einfarbig weißgelb......................................................................................................................................12

Nur das 6. Sternit des Opisthosoma mit Ctenidien besetzt; Opisthosoma dorsal mit vollständiger schwarzer Mittelbinde..................................................................................................................13

12'.
13".

Sohlenhaare deI 4. Tarsus spindelförmig oder stumpfkeulig (typ. II oder IV).................................14

14". Sohlenhaare des 4. Tarsus stumpfkeulig (typ. IV); Körperlänge bis 34 mm; Nord-Afrika..................
.............................................................................................................................64. G. barbarus
 
Schlüssel der ♀♀ (inkl. Diagnose):
1". Beweglicher Finger mit 2, 3 oder 4 Zwischenzähnen....................................................................12
12'. Beweglicher Finger mit 2 Zwischenzähnen...................................................................................13
13'.

Unbeweglicher Finger mit 1 Zwischenzahn...................................................................................14

14". Opisthosoma ventral ohne wahrnehmbare Ctenidien.....................................................................15
15". Opisthosoma dorsal mit deutlicher, selten unscharfer dunkler Mittelbinde......................................18
18'. Afrikanische Arten......................................................................................................................19
19". Pedipalpen und Beine, auch Körper nirgends mit langen, dichten Seidenbaaren besetzt.................20
20'. 2. und 3. Metatarsus ventral mit jeweils 1.2 Dornborsten und 4. Metatarsus ventral mit 1.2.2 oder 1.1.2.2 Dornborsten besetzt........................................................................................................21
21'. 4. Metatarsus ventral mit 1.2.2 Dornborsten besetzt; opisthosomale Pleura schmutzig-grau behaart; Körperlänge bis 34 mm; Nord-Afrika....................................................................64. G. barbarus

 64. Galeodes barbarus Lucas 1846 S. 279; weitere Lit. und Synonyma (exkl. G. venator Simon): Kraepelin 1901 S. 24 (sub Paragaleodes).
Galeodes venator
Simon (Typus) halten wir mit Simon für eine besondere Art (vgl. Nr. 72). Galeodes barbarus beschränken wir nach dem vorliegenden Material (inkl. Typus Lucas) auf die Tiere mit 1 Zwischenzahn am unbeweglichen und 2 Zwischenzähnen am beweglichen Finger rechts und links.
, - Agypten (Kairo, Alexandria, Fajum); Tripolis (Djebl Erukul); Tunis, Algier (Biskra, Hammalif Zargis, Setif, Sfax, Gafza, Aumali, Moghan); Marokko (Fez, im siidl. Atlas) - (vidi 17 , 25 ,inkl. Typus).

Translation: 

Key to males (including diagnoses):
1". Movable finger with 2 or 3 intermediate teeth..................................................................................8
8'. Movable finger with 2 intermediate teeth.........................................................................................9
9'. Fixed finger with 1  intermediate tooth..........................................................................................10
10'. Metatarsus of the pedipalp ventrally without cylinder-bristles.........................................................11
11".

At least the 6th sternite of the opisthosoma with detectable ctenidia; Malleoli monochromatic off-white............................................................................................................................................12

Only the 6th sternite of the opisthosoma populated with ctenidia; Opisthosoma dorsally with complete black median band........................................................................................................13

12'.
13".

Hairs on the soles of the 4th Tarsus spindle-shaped or club-shaped (Type II or IV).......................14

14". Hairs on the soles of the 4th tarsus club-shaped (Type IV); Body length to 34 mm; North-Africa.... .............................................................................................................................64. G. barbarus
 
Key to females (including diagnoses):
1". Movable finger with 2, 3 or 4 intermediate teeth...........................................................................12
12'. Movable Finger with 2 Intermediate teeth.....................................................................................13
13'.

Fixed finger with 1 Intermediate tooth...........................................................................................14

14". Opisthosoma ventrally without discernable ctenidia.......................................................................15
15". Opisthosoma dorsally with pronounced, seldom indistinct, dark median band................................18
18'. African species............................................................................................................................19
19". Pedipalps and legs, and body not clothed with long, dense silky hairs............................................20
20'. 2nd and 3rd metatarsus each ventrally with 1.2 spinelike bristles and 4th metatarsus ventrally with 1.2.2 or 1.1.2.2 spinelike bristles.................................................................................................21
21'. 4th metatarsus ventrally with 1.2.2 spinelike bristles; opisthosomal pleura with drab gray hairs; Body length to 34 mm; North Africa.......64. G. barbarus

Distribution: Algeria, Egypt, Ethiopia, Libya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia.

 

 

 



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