The Arachnid Order Solifugae



Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae





Family Galeodidae
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family RhagodidaeFamily Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae





Eremochelis striodorsalis  (Muma 1962)

Therobates striodorsalis Muma, 1962: 25-27, figs 33-37Adobe PDF icon.
Eremochelis striodorsalis
(Muma): Muma, 1970a: 36; ^Muma, 1976: 20; Brookhart and Brookhart, 2006: 319

HOLOTYPE: United States. California: San Diego County - Pine Valley, 10 July 1953 (W. J. and J. W. Gertsch), 1 male (holotype).  Deposited in the American Museum of Natural History.

Original description
Muma, Muma, 1962: 25-27, figs 33-37 (as Therobates striodorsalis):

maleS: Total length, 12.0-13.0 mm.

                            LENGTH         WIDTH
Chelicerae         3.1-3.0mm        1.3-1.4 mm.
Propeltidium    1.4-1.7               2.3-2.2
Palpi                   10.0-10.0           -              
1st legs               9.0-8.0                -
4th legs              14.0-14.0            -

       Holotype larger.
Color in alcohol rusty yellow, with dusky purplish markings as follows: eye tubercle dark; propeltidium, mesopeltidium, and metapeltidium dusky; abdominal tergites dark but scarcely darker than deep purplish abdomen; legs and tarsi dusky on apical two-thirds of femora and all of tibiae, metatarsi, and tarsi. Malleoli light.
       Dentition of chelicerae as shown in figures 33 to 35. Movable finger with principal tooth large, anterior tooth reduced to a low pointed ridge, two intermediate teeth of which proximal is larger, and no mesial tooth.  Fixed finger evenly curved but considerably expanded on basal half.  Fondal notch U-shaped, obscure, about one-half as wide as base of fixed finger and bearing one minute denticle on ventral margin.
       Groove of fixed finger a distinct but shallow dorsomesial slot extending almost to base of finger. Flagellum complex consisting of a dorsal row of flattened, faintly striated, curved bristles, a mesial series of plumose bristles of which apical flattened and covering basal portion of groove and a basal or ventral series of tubular bristles. Mesial setae of movable finger plumose only on basal quarter of articulation area.
       Eye tubercle situated on anterior margin of propeltidium. Eyes separated by about one diameter. Propeltidium wider than long by a ratio of 1 to 1.6.
       Metatarsus, tarsus, and tibia of palpus sparsely provided with large cylinder bristles below and short fine ones above, as well as the usual longer, slender spines.  Metatarsus and tibia also having two ventral unequal rows of short stout spines.  Metatarsus also with a ventral scopula of about 20 small papillae (fig. 36).
       First post-spiracular abdominal sternite provided with two flattened blade-like ctenidia extending almost to posterior margin of succeeding segment (fig. 37).

PUBLISHED RECORDS: California: Riverside County - Idyllwild, 7 July 1953 (W. J. and J. W. Gertsch), 1 males (paratype) [AMNH].



























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