The Arachnid Order Solifugae



Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae





Family Galeodidae
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family RhagodidaeFamily Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae





Eremochelis kerni Muma 1989

Eremochelis kerni Muma, 1989: 30-31, figs 46-49; Brookhart and Brookhart, 2006: 318.

HOLOTYPE: United States. California: Tulare County - Roads End, Kern River, 2 July 1956 (V. Roth and W. Gertsch), 1 males (holotype).  Deposited in American Museum of Natural History.

Original description
Muma, 1989: 30-31, figs 46-49:

male holotype:  Total length 18.0 mm.

                             LENGTH             WIDTH
Chelicerae         4.9 mm                 2.2 mm.
Propeltidium    2.3                         2.9
Palpi                   19.0                       CL/CW=2.23           
Leg 1                   14.0                       PW/PL=1.26
Leg 4                   24.0                       A/CP=7.92

        Coloration in alcohol pale to dark yellow with dusky purplish markings as follows:  eye tubercle dark; propeltidium dusky on anterior 3/4 with median pale ovate area and a light ovate area on each side of eye tubercle; mesopeltidium, metapeltidium, and abdominal tergites dusky bordered forming two narrow lateral stripes; palpi dusky on dorsal and lateral surfaces of all segments except coxae; legs dusky on dorsal and lateral surfaces of all segments except coxae and tarsi; venter pale; malleoli pale.
       Structure similar to other males of group as indicated by measurements and ratios, figure 46 of cheliceral profile, and figure 47 of ctendidia.  Fondal tooth sizes are I, III, II, IV ectally and I, II, III, IV mesally.  A ridge but no distinct mesal tooth on movable cheliceral finger.  There are 15-20 slender papillae in slender palpal scopula, and 6-8 long spine-like setae ventrally on palpal femora, 3 pairs on tibiae, and 4 or 5 almost not recognizable, on metatarsi.  Metatarsus of palpus 3.5 times the length of tarsus.

FEMALES: Total length, 19.5 to 21.0 mm.  Allotype smaller measurements.

                            LENGTH         WIDTH
Chelicerae         5.0-5.2 mm      1.9-2.1 mm.
Propeltidium    2.1-2.3              3.1-3.9
Palpi                   14.0-15.0         CL/CW=2.55             
1st legs               10.5-12.0         PW/PL=1.59
4th legs              18.5-21.0         A/CP=6.25

        Coloration in alcohol similar to male except considerably paler with dusky markings not as extensive.
        Structure similar to other females of group as indicated in measurements and ratios, figure 48 of chelicerae, and figure 49 of opercula.  No mesal tooth on movable cheliceral finger; four trace ctenidia on first post-stigmatic abdominal sternite, and palpi also armed ventrally with spine-like setae.

PUBLISHED RECORDS: United States. California: San Bernardino County - Pearblossom, 26 April 1974 (David E. Bixler), 1 female (allotype) [in AMNH]; Alta Loma, indoors in chaparral, 27 May 1974 (D. E. Bixler), 1 female (paratype) [in M. H. Mumas personal collection].




























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