The Arachnid Order Solifugae

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PHYLOGENY/TAXONOMY

Phylogeny of the Solifugae
Keys to FamiliesFamily Ammotrechidae
Family Ceromidae
Family Daesiidae
Family Eremobatidae
 

EREMOBATINAE
  Eremobates
      angustus
group
      aztecus
group
      lapazi
group

     pallipes group
         Eremobates arizonicus
         Eremobates californicus
         Eremobates chihuaensis
         Eremobates cinerascens
         Eremobates constrictus
         Eremobates dentilis
         Eremobates dilatatus
         Eremobates docolora
         Eremobates durangonus
         Eremobates formicarius
         Eremobates gerbae
         Eremobates lentiginosus
         Eremobates pallipes
         Eremobates putnami
         Eremobates simoni
         Eremobates suspectus
         Eremobates woodruffi
      palpisetulosus
group
      scaber
group
      vallis
group

  Eremocosta
  Eremorhax
  Eremothera
  Horribates

THEROBATINAE
  Chanbria
  Eremochelis
  Hemerotrecha


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

|Family Galeodidae
Family Gylippidae
Family Hexisopodidae
Family Karschiidae
Family Melanoblossidae
Family Mummuciidae
Family RhagodidaeFamily Solpugidae
Catalog of the Solifugae

 

 


 


 

Eremobates constrictus (Putnam 1882)

Datames constricta Putnam, 1883: 258-259, figs 2, 13-14; Barrows, 1925: 495, figs 30-31; Muma, 1951: 117-118, figs 245-246.
Eremobates constrictus (Putnam): Kraepelin 1901a: 123, fig. 90; Kraepelin, 1908c: 216; Roewer, 1934: 577; Muma, 1970a: 28 (designated as nomen dubium); Muma, 1976: 17.

HOLOTYPE: ♂, no locality. Deposited Philadelphia Academy of Sciences.

Original description
Putnam, 1883: 258-259, figs 2, 13-14:

       Length. twenty mm.; colors top of head and base of mandibles reddish ochre yellow, limbs same color. but paler, becomlng still lighter at the extremities. Abdomen above dark olive brown, posterior border of each segment grayish; also gray specks all over; jaws of mandibles dark red, changing to black at the points; under side, of abdomen like upper. but more yellowish, especially towards the posterior; eye prominence, and front border of head black; tips of claws brown; eyes gray; mandibles with stout spiny bristles; a brush of long hairs inside of the upper fingers; contracted very suddenly at the fingers, which are slender and spine-like.
     Head seven mm. wide, five mm. long, without median stria; hairs irregular, mostly fine, but some of them spiny, especially at the sides and in front, eye prominence, moderately large, projecting over the margin where it is prolonged into ac
ute point furnished with a number of hairs, two of which on the front are larger than the others; eyes rather large, their interval greater than t.heir diameter; mandibles, base three and a half mm.; upper finger five mm. long; base only moderately convex, suddenly constricted at the upper finger, furnished with numerous spines and spiny hairs, and a few fine hairs; upper finger subulate, slightly arched, directed obliquely downward and slightly outward, unarmed; furnished on the inside with the usual brush of stiff hairs directed forwards; no flagellum. (" Fond") of the jaw prolonged anteriorly into a conical projection supporting the teeth. Teeth commencing above with two minute teeth on the median line, then dividing into two series with a cavity between; the outer row consists of four teeth of which the first (uppermost) is largest and projects farthest to the front. The second is very small, the third is a little smaller than the first, and the fourth is about the same size as the second. The inner row consists of three good sized teeth, the first largest, third next, second next. Lower finger regularly curved without constriction; a large tooth near the base concave behind convex in front; a small tooth near its base projecting forwards; a carina outside extending towards the point; a rather heavy brush of feathered hairs inside. Maxillary palpus: femur eight mm.; tibia eight and a half mm.; metatarsus six mm.; tarsus two mm.; femur with a number of large spines on the inside, especially on the ultimate third; tibia with very few spines, but a good many fine hairs, mostly short, some very long, irregular. Metatarsus with some fine spines near the base inside, fine hairs elsewhere, mostly short, some long, on their inside a cluster of oval or round scales
or pustules,  beginning two mm. from the base, and extending not quite to the tip; tarsus with numerous fine, short hairs, some of them long.
     Fourth legs: femur, nine mm.; tibia eight and a half mm.; metatarsus five and a half mm.; tarsus four mm.; claws 1.8 mm.; femur with fine hairs, no spine, one or two hairs on the back, long and stout; tibia with fine hairs; two spines inside, near the extremity; metatarsus with a row of nine spines on the lower inside; a row of three spines on the lower outside, besides numerous fine hairs; tarsus with a row of five spines outside and three inside, besides the usual terminal spines and fine hairs. Claws, hairs, etc., as usual in the genus Datames; abdomen oval, elongated, comparitively small, ordinary form of ♂ genital opening underside of first segment; not as large or well developed as usually seen; spiracle of usual
form on second and third segment..

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